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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #644 - אָפָה
1) to bake
1a1) to bake
1a2) (substantive) baker
1b) (Niphal) to be baked, baked
Nm) pa (אפ AP) - I. Nose:The nose and nostrils when written in the plural form. II. Anger:The flaring of the nostrils in anger. III. Moreover:Greater in addition to something else in the sense of passion. [Aramaic only] KJV (297): anger, wrath, face, nostrils, nose, angry, before, also, even, yet, moreover, yea, with, low, therefore, much - Strongs: H637 (אַף), H638 (אַף), H639 (אַף)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָפָה imp. אֵפוּ (for אֱפוּ), Exodus 16:23, fut. יאֹפֶה, once וַתֹּפֵהוּ 1 Samuel 28:24.
(1) to cook, to bake, specially bread or cake in an oven. (Chald., Syr. id. Arab. وفى, whence مِيفًى oven. In the western languages, ἕψω, ὁπτάω, πέπτω; Lat. epulœ, epulari), Genesis 19:3; Leviticus 26:26; Isaiah 44:15, 19 Isaiah 44:19. Followed by two accusatives, one of the material, the other of that which is made from it. Leviticus 24:5, וְאָפִיתָ אֹתָהּ שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂוֵה חַלּוֹת “and bake thereof twelve cakes,” compare Lehrgeb. § 219. Part. אֹפֵה a baker, Genesis 40:1. שַׂר הָאֹפִים “chief of the bakers,” a courtier of the king of Egypt (Genesis 40:2, seqq.); a dignity which also exists amongst the Moguls.
(2) to be cooked; hence, complete, whole (Germ. gar fehn). Compare Arab. وفى to be whole, complete; وَفىُِّ whole, complete; وَافيًا wholly, and altogether, ganz und gar. See deriv. אַף No. I. [(2) is omitted in Ges. corr.]
Niphal, to be cooked, baked, Leviticus 6:10, 7:9. Pl. תֵּאָפֶינָה Leviticus 23:17.
Derivs. אַף No. I. [see below], מַאֲפֶה, תֻּפִינִים, and
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13