the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6780 - צֶמַח
1) sprout, growth, branch
1a) sprouting, growth, sprout
1b) growth (of process)
1c) sprout, shoot (of Messiah from Davidic tree)
2666) hmy (תסמהה TsMHh) AC: Sprout CO: Sprout AB: ?: The springing up of a plant or bud.
V) hmy (תסמהה TsMHh) - Sprout: To grow out or spring forth. KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) grow, spring, bring, bud, bear - Strongs: H6779 (צָמַח)
Nm) hmy (תסמהה TsMHh) - Sprout: A plant that sprouts out of the ground or a bud that sprouts out of a tree. KJV (12): branch, bud, grew, spring - Strongs: H6780 (צֶמַח)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 collective sprouting, growth, הָאֲדָמָה׳צ Genesis 19:25 (J), הַשָּׂדֶה׳צ Ezekiel 16:7 (simile), compare Isaiah 61:11; Psalm 65:11; so יהוה׳צ Isaiah 4:2, ׳צ absolute Hosea 8:7; growth (= foliage) of vine, ׳טַרְמֵּי צ Ezekiel 17:9.
2 process of growth, of vine, עֲרֻגֹת צִמְתָהּ Ezekiel 17:10 = the beds where it grew.
3 future ruler, under figure of sprout from Davidic tree (compare Psalm 132:17) וַהֲקִמֹתִיצַדִּיק ׳לְדָוִר צ Jeremiah 23:5 a righteous sprout, shoot, = צְדָקָה׳אַצְמִיחַ לְדָוִד צ Jeremiah 33:15; hence (as proper name) ׳עַבְדִּי צ Zechariah 3:8, of Zerubbabel שְׁמוֺ׳אִישׁ צ Zechariah 6:12.
צַמִּים see צמם. צְמִיתֻת see צמת. below,
צמם (√ of following; compare Arabic draw together, or bandage (a wound), be compact; Late Hebrew צִמְצֵם press; ᵑ7 Jer Palpel, Ithpalpel veil (? denominative)).
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צֶמַח with suffix צִמְחִי a sprout, always [?] collect. things which sprout forth from the earth, produce, fruit of the earth, Genesis 19:25; Hosea 8:7; Ezekiel 16:7; Psalms 65:11. Hence צֶמַח יְהֹוָה Isaiah 4:2, the produce of Jehovah, i.e. the produce of the holy land consecrated to God, i.q. פְּרִי הָאָרֶץ in the other hemistich (see Genesis 4:3; Numbers 13:26; Deuteronomy 1:25, 26:2, 10 Deuteronomy 26:10, 28:30, etc.). I thus explain the whole passage, “the produce of God shall be glorious and excellent, and the fruits of the earth shall be beautiful and excellent for the survivors of Israel;” i.e. the whole shall flourish more beautifully, and shall be adorned with plenty of produce and fruits for the benefit of those who shall escape that slaughter. The other interpretations of this passage are unsuitable both to the context and the parallelism of the words; amongst these is the explanation of those who understand צֶמַח יְיָ the branch or offspring of God, to be the Messiah, which is prevented by פְּרִי הָאָרֶץ in the other hemistich [not necessarily so: the one may refer to his Godhead; the other, to his manhood]. But the Messiah is undoubtedly to be understood, Jeremiah 23:5, 33:15 where there is promised to David צֶמַח צַדִּיק, צֶמַח צְדָקָה, a righteous branch or offspring; and Zechariah 3:8, 6:12 where the Messiah is elliptically called צֶמַח branch, or offspring, i.e. of God.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.