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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #438 - ἄνθος

Root Word (Etymology)
a primary word
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. a flower
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2261 ‑ חֲבַצֶּלֶת (khab‑ats‑tseh'‑leth);  4020 ‑ מִגְבָּלוֹת (mig‑baw‑law');  5328 ‑ נִצָּה (nits‑tsaw');  5342 ‑ נֵצֶר (nay'‑tser);  6525 ‑ פֶּרַח (peh'‑rakh);  6731 ‑ צִץ (tseets, tseets);  6780 ‑ צֶמַח (tseh'‑makh);  7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
James 2
1 Peter 2
NAS (4)
James 2
1 Peter 2
CSB (4)
James 2
1 Peter 2
BSB (4)
James 2
1 Peter 2
ESV (3)
James 2
1 Peter 1
WEB (4)
James 2
1 Peter 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(A), ους, τό. gen. pl. ἀνθέων, freq. used for ἀνθῶν, S. El. 896, Hermipp. 5, 6, Eub. 105, Aristag. 3; but ἀνθῶν Pherecr. 46, Pl. Criti. 115a, X. Cyn. 5.5:


1. blossom, flower, πέτονται ἐπ' ἄνθεσιν εἰαρινοῖσιν Il. 2.89; ὑακινθίνῳ ἄνθει ὁμοίας Od. 6.231; βρύει ἄνθεϊ λευκῷ Il. 17.56; τέρεν' ἄνθεα ποίης Od. 9.449; ἐπ' ἄνθεσιν ἵζειν Ar. Eq. 403; δένδρα καὶ ἄνθη καὶ καρπούς Pl. Phd. 110d; ἡ κατ' ἄνθη δίαιτα Id. Smp. 196a; ἄνθεα τεθρίππων the chaplets of flowers which graced them, Pi. O. 2.50, cf. 7.80; [ Δάφνιν] φέρβον μαλακοῖς ἄνθεσσι μέλισσαι, i.e. with honey, Theoc. 7.81.

2. generally, anything thrown out upon the surface, eruption, προσώπου Hp. Coac. 416; cf. ἐξανθέω. froth or scum, ἄ. οἴνου Gal. 11.628, Gp. 6.3.9,7.15.6; ἄνθη χαλκοῦ, = χάλκανθος, Nic. Th. 257; ἄ. χαλκοῦ, v. χαλκός; ἄ. χρυσοῦ, = ἀδάμας, Poll. 7.99.

3. in pl., embroidered flowers on garments, Hermipp. 5, 6, Pl. R. 557c, Cypr. Fr. 4.

II metaph.,

1. bloom, flower of life, ἥβης ἄ. Il. 13.484, Pi. P. 4.158, A. Supp. 663; ἥβης ἄνθεσι Sol. 25; κουρήιον ἄ. h.Cer. 108; ὥρας ἄ. X. Smp. 8.14; παῖς καλὸν ἄ. ἔχων Thgn. 994; χροιᾶς ἀμείψεις ἄ. the bloom of complexion, A. Proverbs 23:1-35; τὸ τοῦ σώματος ἄ. its youthful bloom, Pl. Smp. 183e; ὅταν [τὰ πρόσωπα] τὸ ἄ. προλίπῃ Id. R. 601b; also, the flower of an army and the like, ἄ. Ἄργους A. Ag. 197; ἄ. Περσίδος αἴας Id. Pers. 59, cf. 252, 925, E. HF 876 (lyr.); ὅ τι ἦν αὐτῶν ἄ. ἀπολώλει Th. 4.133; ἄνθεα ὕμνων νεωτέρων the choice flowers of new songs, Pi. O. 9.48; τὸ σὸν.. ἄ, παντέχνου πυρὸς σέλας thy pride or honour, A. Proverbs 7:1-27; τὰ ἄνθη flowers or choice passages, elegant extracts, APl. 4.274, Cic. Att. 16.11.1.

2. like ἀκμή, the bloom, i.e. height of anything, bad as well as good, δηξίθυμον ἔρωτος ἄ. A. Ag. 743; ἀκήλητον μανίας ἄ. S. Tr. 999; ἀ. τοῦ νοῦ Procl. in Alc. p.248C., Dam. Pr. 70; τῆς οὐσίας Procl. in Ti. 1.412D.; τῆς ψυχῆς ib. 472D.

III brightness, brilliancy, as of gold, Thgn. 452; χαλκήϊον ἄ. Orph. Fr. 174; of dyes, lustre, PHolm. 17.37; freq. of purple, in sg., Pl. R. 429d, Arist. HA 547a7, J. AJ 3.6.1; ἁλὸς ἄνθεα AP 6.206 (Antip. Sid.); of bright colours generally, περιβόλαια παντὸς ἄνθους D.H. 7.72; ἄ. θαλάσσιον seaweed dye, Ps.-Democr. Alch. p.42B. ἄ. πεδινόν, = ἀνθεμίς, Ps.- Dsc. 3.136.


(B), , a kind of bird, perh. the yellow wagtail, Arist. HA 592b25, 609b14, Ael. NA 5.48.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄνθος, ἀνθεος, τό (from Homer down); a flower: James 1:10; 1 Peter 1:24.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄνθος , -εος , τό ,

[in LXX for H6731, etc.;]

a flower: James 1:10-11. 1 Peter 1:24 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 939.11 μηδὲ ἄνθεα παρφέρην (ἐν τὸ ἱερόν). OGIS 365.7 (ii/B.C.) has ἀνθεών, ";viridarium,"; and Vettius Valens, p. 15.4, speaks of ἀνθηραὶ (μοῖραι). The noun in its two NT occurrences only repeats Isaiah 40:6 f., but it is fairly common in LXX, and survives in MGr. It recurs in P Leid W.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ανθ' άνθεσιν άνθη ανθος άνθος ἄνθος άνθους anthos ánthos
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