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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6945 - קָדֵשׁ

from (H6942)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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1) male temple prostitute

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4203 ‑ πορνεύω (porn‑yoo'‑o);  4204 ‑ πόρνη (por'‑nay);  5055 ‑ τελέω (tel‑eh'‑o);  1863 ‑ ἐπάγω (ep‑ag'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
Job 1
NAS (23)
Genesis 6
Deuteronomy 4
1 Kings 7
2 Kings 2
Job 2
Hosea 2
HCS (11)
Genesis 3
Deuteronomy 2
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Hosea 1
BSB (6)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
Job 1
ESV (6)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
Job 1
WEB (6)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2700) sdq (קדסה QDSh) AC: Set apart CO: Prostitute AB: Special: Set apart from the rest for a special function. [from: dh- separating and joining to something]

V) sdq (קדסה QDSh) - Set apart: To set someone or something apart for a special purpose. KJV (172): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) sanctify, hallow, dedicate, holy, prepare, consecrate, appoint, bid, purify - Strongs: H6942 (קָדַשׁ)

Nm) sdq (קדסה QDSh) - Prostitute: A male prostitute set aside for a special purpose. KJV (6): sodomite, unclean - Strongs: H6945 (קָדֵשׁ)

Nf1) esdq (קדסהה QDShH) - Prostitute: A female prostitute set aside for a special purpose. KJV (5): harlot, whore - Strongs: H6948 (קְדֵשָׁה)

bm) sidq (קדיסה QDYSh) - Special: One who is set apart as special. [Aramaic only] KJV (13): saint, holy - Strongs: H6922 (קַדִּישׁ)

cm) sfdq (קדוסה QDWSh) - Special: One who is set apart as special. KJV (116): holy, saint - Strongs: H6918 (קָדֹשׁ)

gm) sdfq (קודסה QWDSh) - Set apart: Someone or something that has been separated from the rest for a special purpose. KJV (468): holy, sanctuary, hallowed, holiness, dedicated, consecrated - Strongs: H6944 (קֹדֶשׁ)

hm) sdqm (מקדסה MQDSh) - Sanctuary: A place set apart for a special purpose. KJV (74): sanctuary, holy place, chapel, hallowed - Strongs: H4720 (מִקְדָּשׁ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. קָדֵּשׁ noun masculine temple-prostitute (man) (compare RS Proph. ii. N. 19, and see Assyrian Sub √); — ׳ק Deuteronomy 23:18; collective 1 Kings 14:24; 1 Kings 22:47; plural קְדֵשִׁים 1 Kings 15:12; 2 Kings 23:7; Job 36:14; also feminine קְדֵשָׁה (woman) Deuteronomy 23:18; plural קְדֵשׁוֺת Hosea 4:14; = harlot, feminine singular Genesis 38:21 (twice in verse); Genesis 38:22 (J).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

קָדֵשׁ (Numbers 17:2) fut. יִקְדַּשׁ

(1)  to be pure, clean, prop. used of physical purity and cleanliness (see Hithp. No. 1, and adj. קָדוֹשׁ); hence

(2) to be holy, sacred (so in all the cogn. languages, Arab. قدس id.)

(a) used of a man who devotes himself to any God, and therefore accounts himself more holy than the common people. Isaiah 65:5, קְדַשְׁתִּיךָ “I am holy unto thee,” for קָדַשְׁתִּי לְךָ; used of those who were consecrated by touching sacred things, Exodus 29:37, 30:29 Leviticus 6:11, 20.

(b) used of things destined for holy worship, Numbers 17:2, Numbers 17:3; Exodus 29:21 or which were consecrated by touching holy things, 1 Samuel 21:6; Haggai 2:12 or which were devoted to the sacred treasury, Deuteronomy 22:9.


(1) to be regarded as holy; to be hallowed (as of God), followed by בְּ Levit. 10:3 22:32 also to shew oneself holy in any thing, either by bestowing favours, Ezekiel 20:41, 28:25 36:23 38:16 39:27 or in inflicting punishments, Ezekiel 28:22; Numbers 20:13 compare Isaiah 5:16.

(2) to be consecrated (used of the holy tent), Exodus 29:43.

Piel קִדַּשׁ

(1) to regard any one as holy, as God, Deuteronomy 32:51, a priest, Leviticus 21:8 the sabbath, Exodus 20:8.

(2) to declare holy (used of God), e.g. the sabbath, Genesis 2:3 the people, Leviticus 20:8, 21:8 also to institute any thing sacred, as a fast, Joel 1:14, 2:15 (to which answers קָרָא), a general assembly, 2 Kings 10:20.

(3) to consecrate a priest, Exodus 28:41, 29:1 1 Samuel 7:1 the altar, the temple, Exodus 29:36; 1 Kings 8:64 the people of Israel, Exodus 19:10, 14 Exodus 19:14; Joshua 7:13 a new building, Nehemiah 3:1 a mountain (by separating it from profane things), Exodus 19:23. Hence to inaugurate with holy rites, as a sacrifice, Exodus 12:2 soldiers for battle, Jerem. 51:27. Compare Hiphil. קִדַּשׁ מִלְחָמָה to consecrate war, to inaugurate (with sacred rites), compare Psalms 110:3; 1 Samuel 7:9, 10 1 Samuel 7:10 Joel 4:9 Jerem. 6:4 Micah 3:5.

Pual, part. consecrated, used of priests and holy things, Ezekiel 48:11; 2 Chronicles 26:18, 31:6. Isaiah 13:3, מְקֻדָּשַׁי “my consecrated ones,” i.e. soldiers whom I myself have inaugurated for war, comp. Jeremiah 51:27.


(1) i.q. Piel No. 1, Isaiah 8:13, 29:23 Numbers 20:12.

(2) i.q. Piel No. 2, to declare any one holy, Jeremiah 1:5; 1 Kings 9:3.

(3) i.q. Piel No. 3, to consecrate to God, Leviticus 27:14, seqq., Judges 17:3; 2 Samuel 8:11.


(1) to purify, to make oneself clean (by holy washings and lustrations). 2 Samuel 11:4, וְהִיא מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁת מִטֻּמְאָתָהּ “and she purified herself from her uncleanness;” Exodus 19:22; 2 Chronicles 5:11, 29:15 comp. Kal No. 1.

(2) to shew oneself holy, Ezekiel 38:23.

(3) to be celebrated, as a feast, Isaiah 30:29.

Derivatives, קָדֵשׁ, קֶדֶשׁ, קֹדֶשׁ, קַדִּישׁ, קָדוֹשׁ, מִקְדָּשׁ.

קָדֵשׁ m.

(1)  a sodomite, pr. consecrated, sc. to Astarte or Venus, and prostituting himself in her honour, Deuteronomy 23:18; 1 Kings 14:24, 15:12 22:47 Job 36:14. Fem. קְדֵשָׁה consecrated (to Venus), hence a harlot, Genesis 38:21, 22 Genesis 38:22; Deuteronomy 23:18; Hosea 4:14. As to the libidinous worship of Venus amongst the Babylonians, see Lucian, De Dea Syra; compare Numbers 25:1, seqq.

(2) קָדֵשׁ Genesis 14:7, 16:14 and fully קָדֵשׁ בַּרְנֵעַ Numbers 34:4; Deuteronomy 1:2, 19 2:14 [Kadesh, Kadeshbarnea], pr.n. of a town in the desert to the south of Palestine, see Relandi Palæstina, p. 114. Hence מִדְבַּר קָדֵשׁ Psalms 29:8.

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List of Word Forms
בַּקְּדֵשִֽׁים׃ בקדשים׃ הַקְּדֵשִׁ֔ים הַקְּדֵשִׁ֖ים הַקָּדֵ֔שׁ הקדש הקדשים קָדֵ֖שׁ קדש bakkedeShim baq·qə·ḏê·šîm baqqəḏêšîm hakkaDesh hakkedeShim haq·qā·ḏêš haq·qə·ḏê·šîm haqqāḏêš haqqəḏêšîm kaDesh qā·ḏêš qāḏêš
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