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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7087 - קָפָא

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to thicken, condense, congeal, settle, become dense (verb)

1a) (Qal) to be condensed

1a1) thickening (participle)

1b) (Hiphil) to cause to curdle

2) congelation (noun masculine)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4078 ‑ πήγνυμι (payg'‑noo‑mee);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Exodus 1
Job 1
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
HCS (0)
HCS (4)
Exodus 1
Job 1
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
BSB (4)
Exodus 1
Job 1
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
ESV (2)
Job 1
Zechariah 1
WEB (4)
Exodus 1
Job 1
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1431) pq (קפ QP) AC: Condense CO: Sun AB: ?: The pictograph q is a picture of the sun at the horizon, the p is a picture of the mouth. Combined these mean "sun speaks". As the sun travels through the sky it marks (speaks, commands) the times and seasons (see Genesis 1:14) . The condensing of the light at the sun when at the horizons, a condensing of milk into curdles. A going around of the sun from one horizon to the other.

E) apq (קפא QPA) AC: ? CO: Curdle AB: ?: The condensing of milk into a cheese.

V) apq (קפא QPA) - Curdle: To condense together. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Participle) congeal, settle, curdle, dark - Strongs: H7087 (קָפָא)

J) pfq (קופ QWP) AC: ? CO: Sun AB: ?: A going around of the sun from one horizon to the other.

Nm) pfq (קופ QWP) - Ape: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (2): ape - Strongs: H6971 (קֹף)

if1) epfqt (תקופה TQWPH) - Circle: The circle of the sun around the earth usually in reference to a time. KJV (4): end, circuit, about - Strongs: H8622 (תְּקֻפָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [קָפָא] verb thicken, condense, congeal (compare Syriac heap up, collect); —

Qal Perfect 3 plural קָֽפְאוּ תְהֹמֹת Exodus 15:8 (song) the deeps were condensed, became firm walls; Imperfect יקפאון Zechariah 14:6 Kt (i.e. יִקְמָּא֑וּן [possible is also יִקָּפֵא֑וּן

Niph`al]) Thes and others glorious(?) ones [stars] shall contract (dwindle), but read Qr וְמָּאוֺן see following Participle הַקֹּפְאִים עַלאשִׁמְרַיהֶם Zephaniah 1:12 the men who are thickening on their lees (easy-going men, under figure of undisturbed wine).

Hiph`il Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix תַּקְמִּיאֵנִי Job 10:10 didst thou not curdle me like cheese (of formation of foetus) ?

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

קָפָא to contract oneself, to draw oneself together (cogn. to גָּבָא, syn. גָּבַן), specially

(1)  to draw up the feet, to sit with the feet drawn up, Zephaniah 1:12 (compare Jeremiah 48:11).

(2) to curdle, to coagulate as milk (see Hiph.); poet. of the water of the sea, Exodus 15:8 [speaking of a literal miracle].

[“Niphal, to be contracted, withdrawn, Zechariah 14:6, כתיב.”]

Hiphil, causat. of No. 2, Job 10:10. (Talmud. id. Arab. and Syr. قَفَّ, ܩܰܦ id.) Hence

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List of Word Forms
הַקֹּֽפְאִים֙ הקפאים וְקִפָּאֹֽון׃ וקפאון׃ קָֽפְא֥וּ קפאו תַּקְפִּיאֵֽנִי׃ תקפיאני׃ hakkofeIm haq·qō·p̄ə·’îm haqqōp̄ə’îm kafeU qā·p̄ə·’ū qāp̄ə’ū takpiEni taq·pî·’ê·nî taqpî’ênî vekippaon wə·qip·pā·’ō·wn wəqippā’ōwn
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