Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7666 - שָׁבַר
1) to buy or purchase grain
1a) (Qal) to buy grain
1b) (Hiphil) to sell grain
2811) rbs (סהבר ShBR) AC: Burst CO: Grain AB: ?: The grain is placed on the threshing floor or in the millstone and crushed to burst out the seeds from the hulls. [from: rp]
V) rbs (סהבר ShBR) - I. Burst:To burst out or through. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Exchange:To buy or sell produce, usually grain. [denominative of the noun meaning grain] KJV (172): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel, Participle) break, destroy, hurt, tear, birth, crush, quench, buy, sell - Strongs: H7665 (שָׁבַר), H7666 (שָׁבַר), H8406 (תְּבַר)
Nm) rbs (סהבר ShBR) - I. Shattering: II. Grain:As being burst open on the threshing floor or in the millstone. KJV (53): destruction, breach, hurt, breaking, affliction, bruise, crashing, interpretation, vexation, corn, victuals - Strongs: H7667 (שֵׁבֶר), H7668 (שֶׁבֶר)
am) rbsm (מסהבר MShBR) - Birth canal: The place of bursting through. KJV (3): birth, breaking - Strongs: H4866 (מַשְׁבֵּר)
hm) rbsm (מסהבר MShBR) - Breaker: Large waves of the sea that burst onto the shore. KJV (5): waves, billows - Strongs: H4867 (מִשְׁבָּר)
ejm) nfrbis (סהיברונ ShYBRWN) - Bursting: KJV (2): destruction, breaking - Strongs: H7670 (שִׁבָּרוֹן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 2 masculine plural תִּשְׁבְּרוּ Deuteronomy 2:6,1plural נִשְׁבְּרָה Genesis 43:4; Imperative masculine plural שִׁבְרוּ Genesis 42:2 +; Infinitive construct לִשְׁבֹּר Genesis 42:3 +, לִשְׁבָּרֿ Genesis 42:7 +; Participle masculine plural שֹׁבְרִים Genesis 47:14; — buy grain for food Genesis 41:57 ( Genesis 41:56 see Hiph`il), Genesis 42:2 (שֶׁבֶר in v a), Genesis 42:5; with accusative אֹכֶל Genesis 42:7; Genesis 42:10; Genesis 43:2,4,20; Genesis 40:22; Genesis 44:25; Deuteronomy 2:6 (מִן person); with accusative בָּר Genesis 42:3, שֶׁבֶר Genesis 47:14; figurative Isaiah 55:1, with accusative יַיִן וְחָלָב Isaiah 55:1.
Hiph`il Imperfect 1 plural נַשְׁבִּיר Amos 8:6, etc.; Participle מַשְׁבִּיר Genesis 42:6; Proverbs 11:26; — sell grain (properly cause to buy grain), with ל person Genesis 42:6 + Genesis 42:56 (read וַיַּשְׁבֵּר for ᵑ0וַיִּשְׁבֹּר Ol Di Gunk), with accusative שֶׁבֶר Amos 8:5, מַמַּל בָּר vAmos 8:6, compare Proverbs 11:26; with suffix person + accusative אֹכֶל + ב pret. Deuteronomy 2:28.
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שָׁבַר fut. יִשְׁבֹּר
(1) to break, to break to pieces (Aram. and Arab. תְּבַּר, تبر id.; comp. פָּרַר), Genesis 19:9; Jeremiah 2:20, 19:10 Isaiah 42:3; Amos 1:5 used of ships broken by the wind, Ezekiel 27:26. Part. שָׁבוּר broken, i.e. having a member broken, Levit. 22:22. See several phrases under the words זְרוֹעַ, מַטֶּה, קֶשֶׁת. Pregn., Hosea 2:20, וְקֶשֶׁת וְחרֶב וּמִלְחָמָה אֶשְׁבֹּר מִן־הָאָרֶץ “and the bow, and sword, and weapons of war I will break (and cast) out of the land.” Metaph.
(a) to break (quench) thirst, Psalms 104:11.
(b) to break any one’s mind, i.e. to affect with sadness, Psalms 69:21, 147:3.
(2) to tear any one, as a wild beast, 1 Kings 13:26, 28 1 Kings 13:28.
(3) to break down, to destroy, Daniel 11:26; Ezekiel 30:21 See Niphal No. 3, and שֶׁבֶר.
(4) to measure off, to define (from the idea of cutting; compare גָּזַר). Job 38:10, וָאֶשְׁבֹּר עָלָיו חֻקִּי “when I set a boundary to it” (the sea).
(5) denom. from שֶׁבֶר No. 5.
(a) to buy corn, with the addition of שֶׁבֶר Genesis 47:14 בַּר Genesis 42:3 and absol. Genesis 42:5; Isaiah 55:1 (where it is also applied to wine and milk).
(b) to sell corn, Genesis 41:56 compare Hiphil No. 2.
(1) to be broken, Isaiah 14:29 used of ships which are wrecked, Ezekiel 27:34; Jonah 1:4 also to break one’s limbs, Isaiah 8:15, 28:13. Metaph. of a mind broken, i.e. afflicted, sad, Psalms 34:19; Isaiah 61:1 contrite with penitence, Psalms 51:19. It once appears to be put transitively for Kal, to break any one’s mind, or heart, Ezekiel 6:9.
(2) to be torn to pieces, Psalms 124:7. Used of cattle hurt or wounded, Exodus 22:9, 13 Exodus 22:13; Ezekiel 34:4, 16 Ezekiel 34:16; Zechariah 11:16, הַנִּשְׁבָּרָה “wounded cattle.”
(3) to be broken down (as an army), Daniel 11:22; 2 Chronicles 14:12 to be destroyed, to perish (as a kingdom, a city, a people), Isaiah 8:15, 24:10 28:13 Jeremiah 48:4; Daniel 8:25, 11:4 Ezekiel 30:8.
Piel שִׁבַּר i.q. Kal, but stronger, to break altogether, thoroughly, to break in pieces, as any one’s teeth, Psalms 3:8 statues, altars, 2 Kings 18:4, 23:14 ships, Psalms 48:8.
(1) to cause to break through (the womb), i.e. that the child shall appear, Isaiah 66:9, הַאֲנִי אַשְׁבִּיר וְלֹא אוֹלִיד “shall I cause to break open (the womb), and not cause to bring forth?” Compare Hosea 13:13; Isaiah 37:3 and n. מַשְׁבֵּר.
(2) denom. from שֶׁבֶר to sell corn, Genesis 42:6; Amos 8:5,.
Hophal, to be broken (of the mind), Jeremiah 8:21.
Derivatives, שֶׁבֶר, שִׁבָּוֹן, מִשְׁבָּר, מַשְׁבֵּר.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.