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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7832 - שָׂחַק

Transliteration
sâchaq
Phonetics
saw-khak'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
1905c
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שָׁחַק
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. to laugh, play, mock
    1. (Qal)
      1. to laugh (usually in contempt or derision)
      2. to sport, play
    2. (Piel)
      1. to make sport
      2. to jest
      3. to play (including instrumental music, singing, dancing)
    3. (Hiphil) to laugh mockingly

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1070 ‑ γελάω (ghel‑ah'‑o);  3738 ‑ ὀρχέομαι (or‑kheh'‑om‑ahee);  3815 ‑ παίζω (paheed'‑zo);  2606 ‑ καταγελάω (kat‑ag‑el‑ah'‑o);  1702 ‑ ἐμπαίζω (emp‑aheed'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (34)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 8
Psalms 4
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
BSB (36)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 9
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
CSB (32)
Judges 2
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 9
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
ESV (36)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 9
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
KJV (36)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 9
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
LEB (36)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 9
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
LSB (40)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 5
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 3
Job 9
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
N95 (33)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 4
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 2
Job 9
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
NAS (43)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 4
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 2
Job 9
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (35)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 8
Psalms 5
Proverbs 6
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2472) qhx (סההק SHhQ) AC: Laugh CO: ? AB: ?: [from: hc- coming from the belly]

V) qhx (סההק SHhQ) - Laugh: To laugh in play, sport or scorn. [df: qxV] KJV (36): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) play, laugh, rejoice, scorn, sport, merry, mock, deride - Strongs: H7832 (שָׂחַק)

cm ) qfhx (סההוק SHhWQ) - Laughter: [df: qwxV qxV] KJV (15): laughter, derision, laughing, mock, scorn, sport - Strongs: H7814 (שְׂחֹק)

hm ) qhxm (מסההק MShhQ) - Laughter: [df: qxVm] KJV (1): scorn - Strongs: H4890 (מִשְׂחָק)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׂחַק verb laugh ("" צהק, q. v.; Late Hebrew שָׂחַק, סָחַק; Ethiopic ); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳וְשׂ consecutive Proverbs 29:9; 3 plural שָֽׂחֲקוּ Lamentations 1:7; Job 30:1; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׂחַק Job 39:7 +, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׂחוֺק Judges 16:24; Ecclesiastes 3:4; —

1. a. laugh at, usually in contempt, derision, with עַל person Job 30:1; Psalm 52:8; עַל of thing Lamentations 1:7 with ל person God subject Psalm 37:13; Psalm 59:9 ("" לָעַג); with ל of thing or person= have no fear of, Habakkuk 1:10; Job 5:22; Proverbs 31:25 also, figurative, of noble animals Job 39:7,18,22; Job 41:21; absolute, Proverbs 29:9 (opposed to רָגַז), of ׳י Psalm 2:4 ("" לָעֵג), of wisdom Proverbs 1:26 (ב temporal; "" id.).

b. with אֶל person, apparently of friendly laugh Job 29:24; in General Ecclesiastes 3:4 (opposed to בָּכָה).

2 sport, play, Judges 16:27.

Pi`el Perfect 1 singular וְשִׂחַקְתִּ֫י 1 Samuel 6:21; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיְשַׂחֶקֿ Judges 16:25, etc.; Infinitive construct לְשֵׂחֶקֿ Psalm 104:26; Participle מְשַׂחֵק Proverbs 26:19; 1 Chronicles 15:29, feminine מְשֵׂחֶ֫קֶת Proverbs 8:30,31; plural מְשַׂחֲקִים 2 Samuel 6:5 +, מְשַׂחֲקוֺת 1 Samuel 18:7; —

1 make sport, Judges 16:25 (ל person) 2 Samuel 2:14 (לִפְנֵי person; in tournament), Proverbs 8:30 (לִפְנֵי), Proverbs 8:31 ב loc).

2 jest, Proverbs 26:19.

3 play: including instrumental music, singing and dancing 1 Samuel 18:7, c ׳לִפְנֵי י. 2 Samuel 6:5 (ב instrumental), = 1 Chronicles 13:8; 2 Samuel 6:21; 1 Chronicles 15:29 ( + מְרַקֵּד); of merry-making Jeremiah 15:17 ("" עָלַז), Jeremiah 30:19; Jeremiah 31:4; of children's sport Zechariah 8:5; of beasts Job 40:20; Psalm 104:25; of Prayer of Manasseh , play with (ב) crocod, Job 40:29.

Hiph`il (declar.) Participle. plural מַשְׂחִיקִים 2 Chronicles 30:10 they uttered mockery עֲלֵיהֶם ("" מַלְעִנִים).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׂחַק i.q. צָחַק (which see. [Compare Ethiop. ሠሐቀ፡ ሥሕቀ፡: and Zab. ܣܚܩ]), but more used in the later Hebrew

(1)  to laugh, Ecclesiastes 3:4. Followed by אֶל to smile upon, Job 29:24 followed by עַל to deride, to laugh at any thing, Psalms 52:8; Job 30:1 followed by לְ id., but specially in contempt, to laugh at in contempt, especially, a person threatening to do much, but able to do nothing, Job 5:22, 39:7, 18 Job 39:18, 22 Job 39:22, 41:21 Proverbs 31:25.

(2) i.q. Pi. No. 3, Judges 16:27.

Piel שִׂחַק, fut. יְשַׂחֵק

(1) to joke, to jest (prop. to laugh repeatedly), Jeremiah 15:17.

(2) to play, to sport, e.g. as children, Zechariah 8:5 as marine animals, Psalms 104:26 compare Job 40:20, 29 Job 40:29also used of the play of arms and skirmishes, (Scharmüßel), 2 Samuel 2:14.

(3) to dance to music vocal and instrumental (just as we speak of playing on an instrument), Judges 16:25; 1 Samuel 18:7; 2 Samuel 6:5, 21 2 Samuel 6:21; 1 Chronicles 13:8, 15:29 Jerem. 30:19, קוֹל מְשַׂהֲפִים “the voice of dancers” (and singers). Jeremiah 31:4, בִּמְחוֹל מְשַׂחֲקִים “in the chorus of dancers,” Proverbs 8:30, 31.

Hiphil, to laugh at in scorn, to deride, followed by עַל 2 Chronicles 30:10.

Derivatives מִשְׂחָק, pr.n. יִשְׂחָק. i.q. יִצְחָק, and


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List of Word Forms
אֶשְׂחַ֣ק אֶשְׂחָ֑ק אשחק בִּשְׂח֥וֹק בשחוק הַֽמְשַׂחֲק֖וֹת הַֽתְשַׂחֶק־ המשחקות התשחק־ וְ֝יִשְׂחַ֗ק וְ֝שָׂחַ֗ק וְשִׂחַקְתִּ֖י וִֽישַׂחֲק֖וּ וִישַֽׂחֶק־ וַ֝תִּשְׂחַ֗ק וּמְשַׂחֵ֔ק וישחק וישחק־ וישחקו ומשחק ושחק ושחקתי ותשחק יְשַֽׂחֲקוּ־ יִ֭שְׂחַק יִשְׂחַ֣ק יִשְׂחַק־ יִשְׂחָ֑ק יִשְׂחָ֔ק יִשְׂחָֽקוּ׃ ישחק ישחק־ ישחקו־ ישחקו׃ לְשַֽׂחֶק־ לִשְׂח֔וֹק לשחוק לשחק־ מְ֭שַׂחֶקֶת מְשַֽׂחֲקִים֙ מְשַׂחֲקִ֑ים מְשַׂחֲקִ֖ים מְשַׂחֲקִ֛ים מְשַׂחֲקִֽים׃ מְשַׂחֵ֥ק מְשַׂחֶ֖קֶת מַשְׂחִיקִ֣ים משחיקים משחק משחקים משחקים׃ משחקת שָֽׂחֲק֣וּ שָׂחֲק֖וּ שחקו תִּֽשְׂחַ֥ק תִּשְׂחַק־ תִּשְׂחָ֑ק תשחק תשחק־ ’eś·ḥaq ’eś·ḥāq ’eśḥaq ’eśḥāq biś·ḥō·wq bisChok biśḥōwq esChak ham·śa·ḥă·qō·wṯ hamsachaKot hamśaḥăqōwṯ haṯ·śa·ḥeq- hatsachek haṯśaḥeq- lə·śa·ḥeq- lesachek ləśaḥeq- liś·ḥō·wq lisChok liśḥōwq maś·ḥî·qîm maschiKim maśḥîqîm mə·śa·ḥă·qîm mə·śa·ḥe·qeṯ mə·śa·ḥêq mesachaKim mesaChek mesaCheket məśaḥăqîm məśaḥêq məśaḥeqeṯ śā·ḥă·qū sachaKu śāḥăqū tiś·ḥaq tiś·ḥāq tiś·ḥaq- tisChak tiśḥaq tiśḥāq tiśḥaq- ū·mə·śa·ḥêq umesaChek ūməśaḥêq vattisChak vesaChak vesichakTi veyisChak visachaKu visachek wat·tiś·ḥaq wattiśḥaq wə·śā·ḥaq wə·śi·ḥaq·tî wə·yiś·ḥaq wəśāḥaq wəśiḥaqtî wəyiśḥaq wî·śa·ḥă·qū wî·śa·ḥeq- wîśaḥăqū wîśaḥeq- yə·śa·ḥă·qū- yesachaku yəśaḥăqū- yiś·ḥā·qū yiś·ḥaq yiś·ḥāq yiś·ḥaq- Yischak yisChaku yiśḥaq yiśḥāq yiśḥaq- yiśḥāqū
 
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