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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3815 - παίζω

from (G3816)
Parts of Speech
  1. to play like a child
  2. to play, sport, jest
  3. to give way to hilarity, esp. by joking singing, dancing
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5913 ‑ עָכַס (aw‑kas');  6711 ‑ צָחַק (tsaw‑khak');  7832 ‑ שָׂחַק (saw‑khak');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
1 Corinthians
NAS (1)
1 Corinthians
HCS (1)
1 Corinthians
BSB (1)
1 Corinthians
ESV (1)
1 Corinthians
WEB (1)
1 Corinthians
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. παίσδω Theoc. 15.42: Lacon. pres. part. gen. pl. fem. παιδδωἇν Ar. Lys. 1313 (lyr.): fut. παιξοῦμαι Syrac. in X. Smp. 9.2, παίξομαι LXX 2 Samuel 6:21, AP 12.46 (Ascl), παίξω ib. 211 (Strat.), Anacreont. 41.8: aor. 1 ἔπαισα Hom. (v. infr.), Ar. Pl. 1055, etc.: pf. πέπαικα Men. 923.3: pf. Pass. πέπαισμαι Hdt. 4.77 (v.l. πέπλασται), Ar. Th. 1227; imper. πεπαίσθω Pl. Euthd. 278d: also aor. ἔπαιξα Crates Com. 23, Ctes. Fr. 29.59, LXX Jd. 16.25, Luc. DDeor. 6.4, etc.: pf. πέπαιχα Plu. Dem. 9: Pass., aor. ἐπαίχθην Id. 2.123f, Hld. 8.6: pf. πέπαιγμαι Epigr.Gr. 979.3 (Philae); inf. πεπαῖχθαι Timarch. ap. Ath. 11.501f; imper. πεπαίχθω Phld. Mus. p.106 K., Fronto Epig.Gr. 5.86: Hom. uses only pres. and impf., and (in Od. 8.251) aor. imper. παίσατε; Trag. only pres.: (παῖς):


1. prop., play like a child, sport, τῇ δέ θ' ἅμα Νύμφαι.. ἀγρονόμοι παίζουσι Od. 6.106, cf. 7.291 (never in Il.), Hdt. 1.114, etc.: metaph., αἰὼν παῖς ἐστὶ παίζων Heraclit. 52.

2. esp. dance, παίσατε Od. 8.251; δῶμα περιστεναχίζετο ποσσὶν ἀνδρῶν παιζόντων 23.147, cf. Hes. Sc. 277; π. τε καὶ χορεύειν Ar. Ra. 409, cf. 390; ἐνόπλια χαλκωθεὶς ἔπαιζεν Pi. O. 13.86: Pass., ἀλλὰ πέπαισται μετρίως ἡμῖν, of the chorus, Ar. Th. 1227.

3. play [a game], σφαίρῃ π. Od. 6.100; κλεψύδρῃ Emp. 100.9; κύβοις ἐπὶ συνθήκαις π. Ctes.l.c.; ἀντ' ἀστραγάλων κονδύλοισι π. Pherecr. 43, cf. Antiph. 92; π. διὰ γραμμῆς (v. γραμμή III. 2); π. πρὸς κότταβον Pl.Com. 46.1; μετά τινων with others, Hdt. 1.114: c. acc. cogn., κότταβον ἀ[]γκύλῃ π. Anacr. 53 (dub.); σφαῖραν Plu. Alex. 73; π. παιδιὰν πρός τινα Ar. Pl. 1055, cf. Pl. Alc. 1.110b; κύνα καὶ πόλιν π., of a game similar to our draughts, Cratin. 56: with Advbs., φαινίνδα π. Antiph. 283, cf. Crates Com. l.c., etc.

4. play on a musical instrument, h.Ap. 206: c. acc., Πὰν ὁ καλαμόφθογγα παίζων Ar. Ra. 230; dance and sing, Pi. O. 1.16.

5. play amorously, πρὸς ἀλλήλους X. Smp. 9.2; μετά τινος LXX Genesis 26:8; of mares, Arist. HA 572a30.

6. hunt, pursue game, π. κατ' ἄλσος S. El. 567.


1. jest, sport, Hdt. 2.28, 5.4, 9.11; opp. σπουδάζω, X. Mem. 4.1.1; opp. σπουδῇ λέγω, Id. Cyr. 8.3.47; παίζετε ταῦτα λέγοντες (opp. σπουδάζετε) Pl. Euthd. 283b; π. καὶ χλευάζειν Ar. Ra. 376; π. καὶ γελᾶν Antiph. 218.4; πῖνε, παῖζε Amphis 8; π. πρός τινα make fun with a person, E. HF 952, cf. Pl. Men. 79a, Men. Pk. 198; π. εἴς τι play with a thing, Pl. Phd. 89b: c. Adj. neut., τοιαῦτα ἔπαιζον σπουδῇ πρὸς ἀλλήλους X. Cyr. 6.1.6: part. παίζων is freq. abs., jestingly, Pl. Tht. 145b, al.; opp. σπουδάζων, Id. Lg. 636c, al.: Pass., ὁ λόγος πέπαισται has been made up as a jest (v.l. for πέπλασται), Hdt. 4.77; ταῦτα πεπαίσθω ὑμῖν enough of jest, Pl. Euthd. 278d, cf. Phdr. 278b, Phld. l.c.; πεπαῖχθαι τὴν λέξιν Timarch. l.c.; τοῦτο τὸ παιζόμενον 'as the joke is', Plu. 2.1090f; τὸ Μενεδήμῳ πεπαιγμένον ib.81e; but οἷα πέπαιγμαι, in act. sense, Epigr.Gr. 979.3 (Philae).

2. c. acc., play with, make sport of, Luc. Nigr. 20, AP 10.64 (Agath.).

3. Gramm., of words played upon or coined for the joke's sake, οἱ κωμῳδοὶ παίζειν εἰώθασι τὰ τοιαῦτα Sch. Ar. Av. 42, cf. 68, etc.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(<παῖς ),

[in LXX: Genesis 21:9; Genesis 26:8, Exodus 32:6 (H6711 pi.); and more freq. (Judges 16:25, al.) for (H7832 pi.;]


to play as a child, hence, generally, to play (as with singing and dancing) : 1 Corinthians 10:7 (LXX) (cf. ἐμ -παίζω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a wintering"; (Acts 27:12) : cf. Syll 342 (= .3 762).16 (A.D. 48) κατὰ τὴν Γαΐου ] Ἀντω ́νίου παραχειμασίαν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παιζειν παίζειν παίζοντα παίζοντες παιζόντων παίζουσαι παίζων παιξάτω παιξάτωσαν παίξη παίξομαι paizein paízein
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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