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the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7980 - שָׁלַט

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to domineer, exercise power over, dominate, have mastery, be master, lord it over

1a) (Qal) to domineer, lord it over, become master

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to give power of

1b2) to get mastery of

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2634 ‑ κατακυριεύω (kat‑ak‑oo‑ree‑yoo'‑o);  1850 ‑ ἐξουσιάζω (ex‑oo‑see‑ad'‑zo);  2962 ‑ κύριος (koo'‑ree‑os);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 4
NAS (15)
Nehemiah 1
Esther 6
Psalms 2
Ecclesiastes 6
CSB (8)
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 4
BSB (8)
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 4
ESV (8)
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 4
WEB (8)
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 4
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2843) uls (סהלתה ShLTh) AC: Rule CO: Master AB: Realm: (eng: salute - with the exchange of the s and sh)

V) uls (סהלתה ShLTh) - Rule: To be over or have mastery over another. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (15): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) rule, power, dominion, mastery - Strongs: H7980 (שָׁלַט), H7981 (שְׁלֵט)

Nm) uls (סהלתה ShLTh) - Shield: As placed over the head for protection from projectiles. KJV (7): shield - Strongs: H7982 (שֶׁלֶט)

Nf2) tuls (סהלתהת ShLThT) - Bold: As being prominent. KJV (1): imperious - Strongs: H7986 (שַׁלֶּטֶת)

bm) uils (סהליתה ShLYTh) - Master: One who has dominion over another, also a rule or law as a master. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (14): governor, mighty, power, ruler, rule, captain, lawful - Strongs: H7989 (שַׁלִּיט), H7990 (שַׁלִּיט)

mm) nuls (סהלתהנ ShLThN) - Realm: [Aramaic only] KJV (14): dominion - Strongs: H7985 (שָׁלְטָן)

ejm) nfulis (סהילתהונ ShYLThWN) - Mastery: [Aramaic only] KJV (4): power, ruler - Strongs: H7983 (שִׁלְטוֹן), H7984 (שִׁלְטֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׁלַט verb domineer, be master of (late) (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian süalâ‰u, have power; Arabic overcome, prevail; strong, hard, dominion, also ruler, sultan; Ethiopic Aramaic שְׁלַט, (especially derived species), Nabataean שלט, שלטן); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Ecclesiastes 8:9, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָשְׁלַט Ecclesiastes 2:19, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁלוֺט Esther 9:1; — domineer, lord it over, עַל person, Nehemiah 5:15; ב person Ecclesiastes 8:9 (לְרַע לוֺ); ב of thing Ecclesiastes 2:19; become master of, ב person Esther 9:1 (twice in verse).

Hiph`il 1. give power of: Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix person וְהִשְׁלִימוֺ לֶאֱכֹל Ecclesiastes 5:18, so Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix יַשְׁליטֶנּוּ Ecclesiastes 6:2 (both subject God).

2. = Qal, get mastery of: jussive 3 feminine singular אַלתַּֿשְׁלֶטבִּֿיכָּלאָֿ֑וֶן Psalm 119:133.

שְׁלֵט verb have power, rule (ᵑ7 Syriac; Biblical Hebrew (q. v.) late); —

Pe`al Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Daniel 3:27,3masculine plural שְׁלִ֫טוּ Daniel 6:25; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׁלַ֑ט Daniel 5:7,3feminine singular תִּשְׁלַט Daniel 2:39,2masculine singular תִּשְׁלַ֑ט Daniel 5:16; — have power upon, ב of thing, Daniel 3:27 (of fire); fall upon, assault (ᵑ7 = מָּגַע בְּ), ב person Daniel 6:25 (of lions); subject person rule, be ruler, absolute, Daniel 5:7,16, subject kingdom, ב of earth, Daniel 2:39.

Haph`el make ruler: Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix הַשְׁלְטָח Daniel 2:38 (ב person, etc.); הַשְׁלְטֵהּ Daniel 2:48 (עַל of province).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁלַט fut. יִשְׁלַט a word of the later Hebrew

(1)  to rule over any one, followed by בְּ Ecclesiastes 2:19, 8:9 and עַל Nehemiah 5:15.

(2) to obtain power, get the mastery, followed by בְּ Esther 9:1. (Arab. سَلِطَ to be hard, vehement, whence שַׁלִּיט No. 1, שֶׁלֶט; the power of ruling appears only in the derivative nouns, as سُلطْاَنُ power, hence the concr. Sultan. To this appears to answer Germ. fchalten).


(1) to cause to rule, Psalms 119:133.

(2) to give power over any thing, Ecclesiastes 5:18, 6:2. Compare מָשַׁל Exodus 21:8.

Derivatives, שֶׁלֶט-שָׁלְטָן, שַׁלִּיט.

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List of Word Forms
וְהִשְׁלִיט֨וֹ וְיִשְׁלַט֙ והשליטו וישלט יִשְׁלְט֧וּ יַשְׁלִיטֶ֤נּוּ ישלטו ישליטנו לִשְׁל֣וֹט לשלוט שָׁלְט֣וּ שָׁלַ֧ט שלט שלטו תַּשְׁלֶט־ תשלט־ liš·lō·wṭ lishLot lišlōwṭ šā·laṭ šā·lə·ṭū šālaṭ šāləṭū shaLat shalTu taš·leṭ- tashlet tašleṭ- vehishliTo veyishLat wə·hiš·lî·ṭōw wə·yiš·laṭ wəhišlîṭōw wəyišlaṭ yaš·lî·ṭen·nū yashliTennu yašlîṭennū yiš·lə·ṭū yishleTu yišləṭū
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