the Fifth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #8248 - שָׁקָה
1) to give to drink, irrigate, drink, water, cause to drink water
1a1) to water, irrigate
1a2) to water, give drink to
1b) (Pual) to be watered
1c) (Niphal) variant
1479) qs (סהק ShQ) AC: Drink CO: River AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the two front teeth representing the idea of two, the q is a picture of the sun at the horizon that cycles around the earth. Combined these mean "repeat a cycle". During the rain season, repeated each year, the riverbeds become full of water. The surrounding land is soaked with water allowing for the planting of crops.
A) qs (סהק ShQ) AC: ? CO: River AB: ?: The rushing course of a river through the land.
Nm) qs (סהק ShQ) - Leg: From a leg of a river. [Aramaic only] KJV (1): leg - Strongs: H8243 (שָׁק)
am) qsm (מסהק MShQ) - Rushing: From the rushing of a river. KJV (1): running - Strongs: H4944 (מַשָּׁק)
rfm) ifqs (סהקוי ShQWY) - Marrow: The liquid inside the channel of bones and used as a type of butter. KJV (2): marrow - Strongs: H8250 (שִׁקּוּי)
B) qqs (סהקק ShQQ) AC: Rush CO: River AB: ?: The back and forth course of a river through the land.
V) qqs (סהקק ShQQ) - Rush: A rushing about and to and fro as a raging river. KJV (6): (vf: Paal, Participle) run, long, range, appetite, justle - Strongs: H8264 (שָׁקַק)
H) eqs (סהקה ShQH) AC: Drink CO: ? AB: ?: The life giving water from the rivers.
V) eqs (סהקה ShQH) - Drink: KJV (74): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Pual) drink, water, butler, cupbearer - Strongs: H8248 (שָׁקָה)
am) eqsm (מסהקה MShQH) - Drink: Water for drinking as well as a vessel or place for water. Also one who brings water. KJV (7): drink, watered, butlership, pasture - Strongs: H4945 (מַשְׁקֶה)
J) qfs (סהוק ShWQ) AC: Overflow CO: Course AB: ?: The course of a river.
V) qfs (סהוק ShWQ) - Overflow: The overflowing of the banks of a river. KJV (3): (vf: Hiphil) overflow - Strongs: H7783 (שׁוּק)
Nf) qfs (סהוק ShWQ) - Leg: The leg of an animal or a street. KJV (23): street, shoulder - Strongs: H7784 (שׁוּק), H7785 (שׁוֹק)
Nf2) tqfs (סהוקת ShWQT) - Trough: A trench for bringing water to the village. KJV (2): trough - Strongs: H8268 (שֹׁקֶת)
if1) eqfst (תסהוקה TShWQH) - Desire: As a course. KJV (3): desire - Strongs: H8669 (תְּשׁוּקָה)
K) fqs (סהקו ShQW) AC: Drink CO: ? AB: ?
cm ) ffqs (סהקוו ShQWW) - Drink: KJV (1): drink - Strongs: H8249 (שִׁקֻּו)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal see שָׁתָה; — Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive וְהִשְׁקָה Genesis 2:6 +, suffix וְהִשְׁקָהּ Numbers 5:27; 2 masculine singular consecutive וְהִשְׁקִיתָ Numbers 20:8 +; 1 singular consecutive וְהִשְׁקֵיתִי Ezekiel 32:6, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַשְׁקֶה Numbers 5:26, וַיַּשְׁקְ Genesis 29:10 +, etc.; Imperative masculine singular suffix הַשְׁקִ֫הוּ Proverbs 25:21; feminine singular suffix הַשְׁקֹ֫ינִי Genesis 24:43 +; Infinitive construct הַשְׁקוֺת Genesis 2:10 +, suffix הַשְׁקֹתוֺ Genesis 24:19; Participle מַשְׁקֶה Psalm 104:13, construct Habakkuk 2:15 (see also I., II. מַשְׁקֶה); —
1 water, irrigate, ground: subject mist Genesis 2:6, river Genesis 2:10 (both J), spring Joel 4:18; subject ׳י Isaiah 27:3 (כֶּרֶם), Ezekiel 17:7 (גֶּפֶן), both in figure, figurative also Ezekiel 32:6 water land מִדָּם; literal with מִן of source Psalm 104:13 (הָרִים) and (subject man) Ecclesiastes 2:6 (יַעַר).
2 water, give drink to, usually human subject, accusative of beast, Genesis 24:14,46 (twice in verse); Genesis 29:2 (מִן of source), Genesis 29:3; Genesis 29:7; Genesis 29:8; Genesis 29:10; Exodus 2:16,17,19 (all J), Psalm 104:11 (subject springs); accusative of person Genesis 21:19 (E), Genesis 24:18,19,45 (J), Habakkuk 2:15 (figurative), Isaiah 43:20 (׳י subject), Psalm 78:15 ( id.), 2 Chronicles 28:15, with ב of vessel Esther 1:7; with accusative of person and animal. Numbers 20:8 (P); give one something to drink, accusative of person + of thing (water, wine, etc.), Amos 2:12; Genesis 19:32,33,34,35; Genesis 24:43 (all J), Judges 4:19; 1 Samuel 30:11; 2 Samuel 23:15 = 1 Chronicles 11:15; Job 22:7, compare Song of Solomon 8:2 (מִיַּיִן); figurative Jeremiah 8:14; Jeremiah 9:14; Jeremiah 16:7; Jeremiah 23:15; Jeremiah 25:15; Psalm 69:22, compare וְנַחַלעֲדָנֶיךָ תַשְׁקֵם Psalm 36:9, and וַתַּשְׁקֵ֫מוֺ בִּדְמָעוֺת Psalm 80:6; accusative of thing omitted, literal Judges 4:19; Exodus 32:20 (E), figurative Jeremiah 25:17. — See also I.מַשְׁקֶה infra.
Pu`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular וּמֹחַ עַצְמוֺתָיויְשֻׁקֶּה Job 21:24 the marrow of his bones is watered, (refreshed, invigorated). — נשׁקה Amos 8:8 see שׁקע. p. 1054.
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שָׁקָה not used in Kal, i.q. שָׁתָה to drink (see, as to the interchange of the letters k and t, p. 720, A ). Arab. سقى; Eth. ሰቀየ፡ to drink, to irrigate.
(1) to give to drink, to furnish drink; followed by two acc. of pers. and thing, Genesis 19:32, 24:43 Judges 4:19; Numbers 5:24; Psalms 60:5; Job 22:7; Jeremiah 9:14, 35:2 followed by בְּ of thing, Psalms 80:6 מִן of thing (of any thing), Song of Solomon 8:2. Part. מַשְׁקֶה subst., a butler, cup-bearer, Genesis 40:1, 41:9 but Genesis 40:21 מַשְׁקֶה denotes drink (see מַשְׁקֶה p. 520, B, No. 2); and we should thus understand the words, “he restored the chief butler again עַל מַשְׁקֵהוּ to his drink,” i.e. to his butlership, and he again gave him his office of cup-bearer.
(2) to water cattle, Genesis 24:46, 29:2 Exodus 2:16, 17, 19.
(3) to irrigate, to water land, Genesis 2:6, 10 Psalms 104:13.
Niphal, see שָׁקַע Niphal.
Pual, to be watered, moistened. Job 21:24, “the marrow of his bones is watered,” i.e. is fresh vigorous (compare Proverbs 3:8, 15:30 17:22 ).
Derivatives, שֹׁקֶת, מַשְׁקֶה and the two following words.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.