Click to donate today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #7937 - שָׁכַר
1) to be or become drunk or drunken, be intoxicated
1a) (Qal) to become drunken
1b) (Piel) to make drunken, cause to be drunk
1c) (Hiphil) to cause to be drunk
1d) (Hithpael) to make oneself drunk
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁכַר fut. יִשְׁכַּר; Arab. سَكِرَ
(1) to drink to the full (i.q. רָוָה), Hagg. 1:6 to drink to hilarity, Song of Solomon 5:1; Genesis 43:34. It is very often
(2) to make oneself drunken, Genesis 9:21 followed by an acc. of the drink, Isaiah 29:9, 49:26 followed by מִן Isaiah 51:21. Metaph. in the prophets the wicked are said to be drunken, since they rush, by a kind of madness, upon their own destruction, Isaiah 29:9, 51:21 Lamentations 4:21; Nahum 3:11. Compare כּוֹם, תַּרְעֵלָה. Part. pass. שְׁכוּרָה drunken, Isaiah 51:21.
Piel, to make drunken, 2 Samuel 11:13 metaph. (see Kal), Jeremiah 51:7; Isaiah 63:6.
Hiphil, id., to make drunken
(a) arrows with blood, Deuteronomy 32:42.
(b) nations (see Kal and Piel), Jeremiah 51:57.
Hithpael, to act as one drunk, 1 Samuel 1:14.
Derivatives, שֵׁכָר-שִׁכְרוֹן, שִׁכּוֹר.
II. שָׁכַר (kindred to שָׂכַר) to hire, to reward, see אֶשְׁכָּר.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19