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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1609 - ἐκπτύω

Word Origin
from (1537) and (4429)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to spit out
  2. reject, spurn, loathe
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Galatians 1
Galatians 1
Galatians 1
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2P 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I fut. - ύσομαι [] AP 5.196 (Mel.): spit out, στόματος δ' ἐξέπτυσεν ἅλμην Od. 5.322, cf. AP l.c.; of the sea, cast up, ib. 6.224 (Theodorid.): metaph., ὥσπερ χαλινὸν τὸν λόγον Plu. 2.328c; so, of a ligature, Antyll. ap. Orib. 45.24.7 (Pass.); spit or blab out, ἀπόρρητα Ael. NA 4.44; of an abortion, ib. 12.17 (Pass.).


1. spit in token of disgust, Ar. V. 792.

2. spit at, abominate, Galatians 4:14.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκπτύω: 1 aorist ἐξεπτυσα; to spit out (Homer, Odyssey 5, 322, etc.); tropically, to reject, spurn, loathe: τί, Galatians 4:14, in which sense the Greeks used καταπτύειν, προσπτύειν, πτύειν, and Philo παραπτύειν; cf. Kypke and Loesner (or Ellicott) on Galatians, the passage cited; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 17.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἐκ -πτύω ,

1. to spit out.

2. to spit at in disgust, to abominate, loathe (= cl. ἀποπτ -, καταπτ -): Galatians 4:14.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐκπτύω occurs in the NT only in Galatians 4:14, where Clemen (Primitive Christianity, p. 342) thinks it is to be understood literally, and alludes to spitting as a prophylactic custom observed at the sight of invalids and especially of epileptics : cf. Krenkel Beiträge zur Aufhellung der Geschichte u. der Briefe des Paulus, 1890, p. 47 ff. On the other hand for the metaphorical sense usually found in the passage, cf. Plut. Mor. p. 328 C ὥσπερ χαλινὸν τὸν λόγον ἐκπτύσαντες. For an exposition of the whole verse with the aid of MGr see de Zwaan in ZNTW x. p. 246 ff., where reference is made to a corresponding ";shaking out the lap"; as a kind of curse in Nehemiah 5:13.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκραγείη έκρηγμα εξεπτυσατε εξεπτύσατε ἐξεπτύσατε exeptusate exeptysate exeptýsate
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