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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2191 - ἔχιδνα

Transliteration
échidna
Phonetics
ekh'-id-nah  
Word Origin
of uncertain origin
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
2:815,286
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a viper, offspring of vipers
    1. addressed to cunning, malignant, wicked men
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-GPF 4
N-NSF 1
N-GPF 4
N-NSF 1
N-GPF 4
N-NSF 1
NA WH
N-GPF 4
N-NSF 1
N-GPF 4
N-NSF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔχιδν-α, ἡ, (ἔχις)

I viper, Hdt. 3.108, S. Tr. 771, Pl. Smp. 218a, etc.; prob. of a constrictor snake, Acts 28:3 : metaph., of a treacherous wife or friend, A. Ch. 249, S. Ant. 531; ἱματισμένη ἔ., of woman, Secund. Sent. 8; γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν brood of vipers, term of reproach, in Matthew 3:7.

II pr. n. of a monster, Hes. Th. 297, S. Tr. 1099.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔχιδνα, ἐχιδνης, , a viper: Acts 28:3 (Hesiod, Herodotus, Tragg., Aristophanes, Plato, others); γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν offspring of vipers (anguigenae, Ovid, metam. 3,531), addressed to cunning, malignant, wicked men: Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33; Luke 3:7.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἔχιδνα , -ης , ,

[in OT (Aq.), Isaiah 59:5*;]

a viper: Acts 28:3; metaph., γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν , Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33, Luke 3:7.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Ramsay (Luke, p. 63 ff.) has shown that by the ἔχιδνα of Acts 28:3 we are probably to understand a constrictor snake, closely resembling a viper, without poison-fangs, which fixes its teeth firmly into the human skin so as to hang on, without, however, doing any real injury to the skin. The verb καθῆψεν in the sense of ";fastened upon"; rather than ";bit"; (";momordit,"; Blass) is therefore correctly applied to it, as against Harnack Lukas der Arzt, p. 123 f. (E. Tr., p. 177 f.). On γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν as equivalent to the simple ἔχιδναι in Matthew 3:7 see McNeile ad l., following Nestle in ZNTW xiv. p. 267 f.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εχιδνα έχιδνα ἔχιδνα εχιδνων εχιδνών ἐχιδνῶν εχίνοι εχίνος εχίνους echidna échidna echidnon echidnôn echidnōn echidnō̂n
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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