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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2409 - ἱερεύς

Transliteration
hiereús
Phonetics
hee-er-yooce'  
Word Origin
from (2413)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
3:257,349
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a priest, one who offers sacrifices and in general in busied with sacred rites
    1. referring to priests of Gentiles or the Jews,
  2. metaph. of Christians, because, purified by the blood of Christ and brought into close intercourse with God, they devote their life to him alone and to Christ
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3547 ‑ כָּהַן (kaw‑han');  3549 ‑ כָּהֵן (kaw‑hane');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (32) NAS (31) HCS (31)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 1
Acts 4
Hebrews 12
Revelation 3
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 1
Acts 3
Hebrews 13
Revelation 3
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 1
Acts 3
Hebrews 14
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 4
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 3
N-GPM 2
N-NPM 7
N-NSM 12
N-APM 5
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 2
N-DSM 3
N-GPM 2
N-NPM 8
N-NSM 11
N-APM 4
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 3
N-GPM 2
N-NPM 6
N-NSM 12
NA WH
N-APM 3
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 1
N-DSM 2
N-GPM 2
N-NPM 4
N-NSM 11
T-DPM 1
T-DSM 1
V-FMI-3P 1
N-APM 5
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 2
N-DSM 3
N-GPM 2
N-NPM 6
N-NSM 11


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἱερ-εύς [ ], έως,

Ion. -ῆος, Cypr. -ῆϝος Inscr.Cypr. 59 H., , Att. pl. ἱερῆς: gen. sg. and pl. written ἱερείως, ἱερείων, PStrassb. 83.2, 9 (ii B.C.):

Ion. nom. ἱρεύς Il. 5.10, 16.604, Od. 9.198: Dor. ἱᾰρεύς IG 4.1182, al. (gen. ἰαρέος ib.1580); acc. pl. τὸς ἱαρές Schwyzer 236 (Cyrene); nom. pl. οἱ ἱαρές ibid.; nom. sg. ἱαρές GDI 4846 (Cyrene):

also ἱέρεως (Att. and proparox. acc. to Choerob. in Theod. 1.253) SIG 1037.4 (Milet., iv/iii B.C.); gen. ἱέρεω IPE 12.32 A 23, al. (Olbia, iii B.C.); dat. ἵρεῳ Schwyzer 692 (Chios, v. B.C.); acc. ἱέρεω Milet. 1(7).203b3 (ii B.C.): ἱερής IG 5(2).115.1 (Tegea, iv/iii B.C.), cf. Inscr.Cypr. 100 H.:

Arc. ἱαρής IG 5(2).13.10 (iii B.C.): acc. ἱερήν ib.3.1 (Tegea, iv B.C.): (ἱερός):

1. priest, sacrificer, diviner, Il. 1.62, 16.604, Pi. P. 2.17, Hdt. 2.2, And. 1.124, etc.; ἐφ' ἱερέως, as a date, SIG 332.1 (Potidaea, iv/iii B.C.), etc. (freq. unaspirated, ἐπ' ἰερέως IG 12(1).890, etc. (Rhodes)); of the Jewish High Priest, D.S. 34 / 5.1; ἱ. ὁ μέγας LXX Leviticus 21:10, Ph. 2.591; ἱ. ὁ χριστός LXX Leviticus 4:5; at Rome, = pontifex, Mon.Anc.Gr. 6.9; ἱ. ὁ μέγιστος, = pont. maximus, D.S. 27.2.

2. metaph., ἱ. τις ἄτας a minister of woe, A. Ag. 735 (lyr.); comically, λεπτοτάτων λήρων ἱερεῦ Ar. Nu. 359; ἱ. Διονύσου, of a winebibber, Eup. 19; ἱ. φιλοσοφίας Lib. Or. 52.42.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἱερεύς, ἱερέως, (ἱερός) (from Homer down), Hebrew כֹּהֵן, a priest; one who offers sacrifices and in general is busied with sacred rites;

a. properly, of the priests of the Gentiles, Acts 14:13; of the priests of the Jews, Matthew 8:4; Matthew 12:4; Mark 1:44; (Mark 2:26); Luke 1:5; Luke 5:14; John 1:19; Heb. 7:( L T Tr WH), (); , etc.; of the high priest, Acts 5:24 R G (Exodus 35:18; 1 Kings 1:8; 1 Macc. 15:1; Josephus, Antiquities 6, 12, 1); and in the same sense Christ is called ἱερεύς in Hebrews 5:6 (from Psalm 109:4 (); Hebrews 7:17; also ἱερεύς μέγας, Hebrews 10:21 (see ἀρχιερεύς, 3) (others take the adjective here not as blending with ἱερεύς into a technical or official appellation, but as descriptive, great; cf. Hebrews 4:14).

b. metaphorically, of Christians, because, purified by the blood of Christ and brought into close contact with God, they devote their life to him alone (and to Christ): Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:6, cf. Revelation 1:5; Revelation 5:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἱερεύς , -έως ,

(< ἱερός ),

[in LXX for H3549;]

a priest: . τ . Διός , Acts 14:13; of Jewish priests, Matthew 8:4; Matthew 12:4-5, Mark 1:44; Mark 2:26, Luke 1:5; Luke 5:14, John 1:19, Hebrews 8:4, al.; of Christ, Hebrews 5:6 (LXX) Hebrews 10:21; of Christians, Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:6 (Cremer, 293; on the acc pl., ἱερεῖς , v. Thack., Gr., 147 f.; Bl., § 8, 2).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

It is unnecessary to illustrate at length this very common word, but reference may be made to the complaint in BGU I. 16 (A.D. 159–60) (= Selections, p. 83 f.) which five presbyter-priests (οἱ ε ̄ πρεσβύτεροι ἱερεῖς) lodge against a brotherpriest (συνιερεύς)";of letting his hair grow too long and of wearing woollen garments";—ὡς κομῶντος [κ ]αὶ χρω [μ ]ένου ἐρεαῖς ἐσθήσεσι. On the popular use of ἱερεύς to designate a bishop or presbyter in Christian inscrr. of iv/A.D. see Ramsay Luke, p. 387, and for the fem. ἱέρεια = ";wife of a hiereus"; see ib. p. 365. This last is found joined with ἱέρισσα in P Lend 880.7 (B.C. 113) (= III. p. 8), al. For the verb ἱερόω cf. Chrest. I. 72.9 (A.D. 234) μηδένα δὲ τῶν ἱερέω [ν ἢ ] ἱερωμένων ἐνκαταλελοιπέναι τὰς [θρ ]ησκείας, where, however, the meaning is far from clear : see Wilcken’s note. See also the interesting libellus of a heathen ἱέρεια in Chrest, I. 125 (A.D. 250).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επτά ιερεα ιερέα ἱερέα ιερεέως ιερει ιερεί ἱερεῖ ιερεις ιερείς ἱερεῖς ιερευς ιερεύς ἱερεύς ἱερεὺς ιερεύσι ιερευσιν ιερεύσιν ἱερεῦσιν ιερεων ιερέων ἱερέων ιερέως hierea hieréa hierei hiereî hiereis hiereîs hiereon hiereōn hieréon hieréōn hiereus hiereús hiereùs hiereusin hiereûsin ierea ierei iereis iereon iereōn iereus iereusin
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, August 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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