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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2523 - καθίζω

Transliteration
kathízō
Phonetics
kath-id'-zo  
Word Origin
another (active) form for (2516)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:440,386
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to make to sit down
    1. to set, appoint, to confer a kingdom on one
  2. intransitively
    1. to sit down
    2. to sit
      1. to have fixed one's abode
      2. to sojourn, to settle, settle down
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  1481 ‑ גּוּר (goor);  1961 ‑ הָיָה (haw‑yaw');  3427 ‑ יָשַׁב (yaw‑shab');  5117 ‑ נוּחַ (noo'‑akh);  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  6296 ‑ פָּגַר (paw‑gar');  6696 ‑ צוּר (tsoor);  7392 ‑ רָכַב (raw‑kab');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (48) NAS (46) HCS (46)
Matthew 8
Mark 8
Luke 8
John 3
Acts 9
1 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 2
Matthew 8
Mark 8
Luke 7
John 3
Acts 9
1 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 2
Matthew 8
Mark 8
Luke 7
John 3
Acts 9
1 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 3
V-AAI-3S 13
V-AAM-2P 3
V-AAN 6
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-AAP-NPM 2
V-AAP-NSM 10
V-AAS-1P 1
V-AAS-3P 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FDI-2P 2
V-PAI-2P 1
V-RAI-3S 2
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 3
V-AAI-3S 11
V-AAM-2P 3
V-AAN 6
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-AAP-NPM 2
V-AAP-NSM 10
V-AAS-1P 1
V-AAS-3P 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FMI-2P 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-RAI-3S 2
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 3
V-AAI-3S 14
V-AAM-2P 3
V-AAN 6
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-AAP-NPM 2
V-AAP-NSM 10
V-AAS-1P 1
V-AAS-3P 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-ADS-2P 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FDI-2P 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-RAI-3S 1
NA WH
V-AAI-3P 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-XAI-3S 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 3
V-AAI-3S 13
V-AAM-2P 4
V-AAN 6
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-AAP-NPM 2
V-AAP-NSM 11
V-AAS-1P 1
V-AAS-3P 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-RAI-3S 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καθίζω,

Ion. κατ-, impf. κάθιζον Il. 3.426,al.; in Prose ἐκάθιζον X. HG 5.4.6, Din. 2.13: fut. καθέσω Eup. 12.11 D.; καθίσω (intr.) Apollod. Com. 5; Ion. κατίσω (trans.) Hdt. 4.190; Att. also καθιῶ X. An. 2. 1.4, D. 24.25, 39.11, IG 22.778.13 (iii B.C.); Dor. καθιξῶ Bion Fr. 10.16: aor. 1 καθεῖσα Il. 18.389, al., subj. καθέσω h.Ap. ap. Th. 3.104; inf. καθέσαι IG 22.46 aB* 21, 25 (v/iv B.C.); poet. κάθεσσα Pi. P. 5.42 codd.; this aor. καθεῖσα has Ms. authority in E. Hipp. 31 (ἐγκαθ-, Med.), Ph. 1188, Hdt. 1.88, 4.79, Th. 7.82, but we also find κάθῐσα, Ion. κάτ- (for which κάθεσα, κάτεσον, etc., shd. perh. be restored), Il. 19.280 (v.l. κάθεσαν), al., Hdt. 1.89, 2.126, καθῖσα Ar. Ra. 911, Th. 6.66 (leg. καθεῖσα), later ἐκάθῐσα X. Cyr. 6.1.23, Men. 544, etc., cf. Poll. 3.89; also part. καθίσσας Il. 9.488; Dor. καθίξας Theoc. 1.12, subj. καθίξῃ ib. 51; late part. καθιζήσας, subj. -ζήσῃ, D.C. 54.30, 37.27: pf. κεκάθῐκα D.S. 17.115, Hebrews 12:2, A.D. Synt. 323.23: Med., impf. ἐκαθιζόμην Ar. V. 824, κὰδ.. ἵζ- Il. 19.50: fut. καθιζήσομαι Pl. Phdr. 229a, Euthd. 278b, (προς-) Aeschin. 3.167, later καθίσομαι Matthew 19:28, Plu. 2.583f, -ιοῦμαι LXX Ma. 3.3, al.: aor. 1 καθεσσάμην Anacr. 111; also ἐκαθισάμην SIG 975.6 (Delos, iii B. C.), Hsch., (ἐπ-, παρ-) Th. 4.130 codd., D. 33.14; ἐκαθισσάμην Call. Dian. 233, καθισσάμην A.R. 4.278, 1219:

Pass., aor. 1 part. καθιζηθείς D.C. 63.5:

I

1. causal, make to sit down, seat, ἄλλους μὲν κάθισον Τρῶας Il. 3.68; μή με κάθιζ' 6.360; σ' ἐπ' ἐμοῖσιν ἐγὼ γούνεσσι καθίσσας 9.488; κὰδ δ' εἷσ' ἐν θαλάμῳ 3.382; τὴν μὲν.. καθεῖσεν ἐπὶ θρόνου 18.389; κατίσαι τινὰ ἐπ' οἰκήματος Hdt. 2.121. έ; καθιεῖν τινα εἰς τὸν θρόνον, i.e. to make him king, X. An. 2.1.4; ἐπὶ θρόνον Phld. Vit. p.22 J.

2. set, place, τὸν μὲν.. καθεῖσεν ἐπ' ἠϊόεντι Σκαμάνδρῳ Il. 5.36; κὰδ δ' ἐν Ἀθήνῃς εἷσεν 2.549; Κρόνον.. Ζεὺς γαίης νέρθε καθεῖσε 14.204; καθίζειν τινὰ εἰς δόμον E. Ion 1541; κ. στρατόν encamp it, Id. Heracl. 664, cf. Th. 4.90; κ. τὸ στράτευμα ἐς Χωρίον ἐπιτήδειον Id. 6.66; σύλλογον εἰς Χωρίον κ., Χωρὶς μὲν τοὺς ὁπλίτας, Χωρὶς δὲ τοὺς ἱππέας Pl. Lg. 755e. post watchers, guards, etc., σκοπὸς ὅν ῥα καθεῖσεν Αἴγισθος Od. 4.524; κατίσαι φυλάκους set guards, Hdt. 1.89, cf. X. Cyr. 2.2.14; ἄλλους κάτισον ἀγαγὼν κατὰ τὰς.. πύλας Hdt. 3.155; κ. ἐνέδραν Plu. Publ. 19: rarely of things, τι ἐπὶ τηγάνοις Pherecr. 127.

3. set up, ἀνδριάντα κάθεσσαν Pi. P. 5.42 codd.: Med., καθέσσασθαι Anacr. 111, A.R. 4.1219.

4. cause an assembly, court, etc., to take their seats, convene, ἀγορὰς ἠμὲν λύει ἠδὲ καθίζει Od. 2.69; ὅταν καθέσωσιν ἀγῶνα h.Ap. ap. Th. 3.104; κ. τὸ δικαστήριον Ar. V. 305, cf. D. 39.11, IG 22.778.13; νομοθέτας D. 24.25, prob. in Id. 3.10; but κ. τινὶ δικαστήν appoint a judge to try a person, Pl. Lg. 874a; ἐάν τε Χιλίους ἐάν θ' ὁποσουσοῦν ἡ πόλις καθίσῃ D. 21.223; constitute, establish, δικαστήρια Pl. Plt. 298e; βουλὴν ἐπίσκοπον πάντων Plu. Sol. 19.

5. put into a certain condition, esp. in the phrase κλαίοντά τινα κ set him aweeping, κλάοντα καθέσω ς ' Eup. l.c., cf. Pl. Ion 535e, X. Cyr. 2.2.15; but ib. 14 κλαίειν τινὰ κ. to make him weep: for Theoc. 1.51, v. ἀκράτιστος.

6. marry, γυναῖκας ἀλλοτρίας LXX Ne. 13.27, cf. 23.

II

1. intr., take one's seat, sit, abs., Il. 3.394, etc.; μετ' ἀθανάτοισι, ἐν θρόνοισι καθίζειν, 15.50, Od. 8.422; ἐν [ θώκοισι ] Hdt. 1.181; ἐπὶ τοῖς ἐργαστηρίοις or τῶν -ίων, Isoc. 18.9, 7.15; ἐπὶ σκίμποδα Ar. Nu. 254; ἐπὶ δένδρου Arist. HA 614a34 (but κ. ἐπὶ κώπην, of rowers, Ar. Ra. 197); of suppliants, κ. ἐπὶ τὸν βωμόν Th. 1.126, Lys. 13.24; εἰς γόνυ D.S. 17.115: in Poets also c. acc., κ. τρίποδα E. Ion 366, El. 980; βωμόν, ὀμφαλόν, ἱερά, Id. HF 48, Ion 6, 1317.

2. sit, recline at meals, X. Cyr. 8.4.2.

3. sit as judge, Hdt. 1.97, 5.25, Pl. Lg. 659b, Ph. 1.382; hold a session, of the πρόεδροι, D. 24.89, cf. Hermes 17.5(Delos).

4. reside, μετά τινος LXX Ruth 2:23 (3.1); ἐν πόλει ib. Nehemiah 11:1.

5. settle, sink down, ἐπὶ τὰ ἰσχία καθίσαι τὼ ἵππω Pl. Phdr. 254c; καθίσας ὁ φελλὸς ἀνοίξει τὸν κρουνόν Hero Spir. 1.20.

6. of ships, run aground, be stranded, Plb. 1.39.3, Str. 2.3.4.

III

1. Med. in intr.sense, Il. 19.50 (in tmesi), Theoc. 15.3, etc.; εἰς τὸν αὐτὸν θᾶκον Pl. R. 516e; ἐὰν δὲ καθίζεσθαι κελεύσῃ if he order them to take their seats (among the spectators in the theatre), D. 21.56 (nisi leg. καθέζεσθαι, as also ib.162, both readings are found ib.119); καθίζεσθαι ἢ κατακλινῆναι Pl. Phdr. 228e.

2. of birds, settle, alight, Arist. HA 614b23.

3. leave goods purchased in a market, SIG 975.6 (Delos, iii B.C.).-- Att. in this signf. acc. to Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καθίζω; future καθίσω (Buttmann, 37 (32)); 1 aorist ἐκάθισα (impv. 2 singular κάθισον once, Mark 12:36 Tr text WH marginal reading); perfect κεκαθικα (Mark 11:2 (not WH Tr marginal reading; Hebrews 12:2 L T Tr WH; a late form, see Veitch, under the word)); 1 aorist middle subjunctive 2 person plural καθίσησθε (Luke 22:30 Rec.); future middle καθίσομαι; from Homer down; (cf. Buttmann, 60 (52));

1. transitive, to make to sit down (κατά; which see III. 1), to set, appoint; the Sept. for הושִׁיב: τινα ἐπί θρόνου (L T Tr WH τόν θρόνον), to confer the kingdom upon one, Acts 2:30; τινα ἐν δεξιά αὐτοῦ, Ephesians 1:20; τινα, to appoint one to act as judge, 1 Corinthians 6:4 (δικαστήν, Plato, legg. 9, p. 873 e.; Polybius 40, 5, 3; συνέδριον κριτῶν, Josephus, Antiquities 20, 9, 1).

2. intransitive; the Sept. for יָשַׁב;

a. to sit down; universally, Matthew 5:1; Matthew 13:48; Mark 9:35; Luke 4:20; Luke 5:3; Luke 14:28, 31; Luke 16:6; John 8:2; Acts 13:14; Acts 16:13; with a telic infinitive 1 Corinthians 10:7; with specification of the place or seat: ἐν δεξιά τίνος, Hebrews 1:3; Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews 10:12; Hebrews 12:2; ἐπί τίνι, Mark 11:7 (Rec.); εἰς τόν ναόν, 2 Thessalonians 2:4 (Buttmann, § 147, 16; Winer's Grammar, 415 (386)); ἐπί with the accusative (cf. Buttmann, 338 (290)), Revelation 20:4; John 12:14; Mark 11:2 (7 L T Tr WH); Luke 19:30; (add Acts 2:3, see Buttmann, § 129, 17; Winer's Grammar, 516 (481)); ἐπί τοῦ βήματος, of a judge, John 19:13; Acts 12:21; Acts 25:6, 17; κατέναντι (or ἀπέναντι Tr etc.) τίνος, Mark 12:41; with adverbs of place, Mark 14:32; Matthew 26:36.

b. to sit: (absolutely (of a dead man restored to life) ἐκάθισεν sat, sat up, Luke 7:15 L marginal reading WH marginal reading); ἐν τῷ θρόνῳ, Revelation 3:21; ἐπί with the genitive of the seat, Matthew 23:2; Matthew 25:31; ἐκ δεξιῶν σου καί εἷς ἐξ εὐωνύμων σου, Matthew 20:21, 23; Mark 10:37, 40. equivalent to to have fixed one's abode, i. e. to sojourn (cf. our settle, settle down), Acts 18:11; followed by ἐν with the dative of place, Luke 24:49 (here A. V. tarry) (Exodus 16:29; Jeremiah 30:11 (); (Nehemiah 11:25)). Middle (passive? cf. Rutherford, New Phryn., p. 336f) to sit: ἐπί θρόνων, Luke 22:30 (R G L: see κάθημαι); ἐπί θρόνους, Matthew 19:28 (WH καθήσεσθε; see κάθημαι. Compare: ἀνακαθίζω, ἐπικαθίζω, παρακαθίζω, περικαθίζω, συγκαθίζω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

καθ -ίζω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3427;]

1. causal, to make to sit down, set, appoint: Acts 2:30, 1 Corinthians 6:4, Ephesians 1:20.

2. Intrans., to sit down, be seated, sit: Matthew 5:1, Mark 9:35, Luke 7:15, John 8:2, al.; c. inf. tel., 1 Corinthians 10:7; seq. εἰς , 2 Thessalonians 2:4; ἐπί , c. acc, Mark 11:2, John 12:14; id. c. gen., John 19:13, Acts 12:21; ὧδε , Mark 14:32; αὐτοῦ , Matthew 26:36; ἐν δεξιᾷ , Hebrews 1:3; ἐκ δεξιῶν , Matthew 20:21; Matthew 20:23; ἐν , Revelation 3:21; καθίσας pleonastic (M, Proverbs 14:1-35; Dalman, Words, 22), Matthew 13:48, Luke 5:3; Luke 14:31; Luke 16:6; of settling in a place (ἐς χωρίον , Thuc,, iv, 93), seq. ἐν , Luke 24:49 (cf. ἀνα -, ἐπι -, παρα -, περι -, συν -καθίζω ).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A good ex. of the trans use of this verb, as in 1 Corinthians 6:4, Ephesians 1:20, Ev. Petr. 3, is afforded by P Oxy XII. 1469.7 (A.D. 298) ὁ τῇ ἐπίξει (l. ἐπείξει) τῶν χωμάτων ἐπικείμενος καθείζων ἡμᾶς τοὺ [ς ο ]ἰκίζοντας τοῖς τόπο [ι ]ς ἠνάγκασεν ἀ [ν ]αβαλεῖν ναύβια σ ̄ν ̄, ";the overseer of labour on dykes set us, the local inhabitants, to work, and made us bank up 250 naubia"; (Edd.). For the intrans. usage, as probably in John 19:13 (see P. Corssen ZNTW, 1914, p. 338 ff.), with reference to ";judicial"; sitting, see Syll 929.28 (ii/B.C.) cited s.v. διακούω, and cf. PSI V. 502.21 (B.C. 257–6) καθίσαντες εἰς τὸ ἱερόν, P Meyer 19.5 (ii/A.D.) τῇ ι ̄α ̄ ἐκάθισα εἰς πλ [ο ]ῖόν [μου, Preisigke 4117.5 (A.D. 117) τὸ προσκύνημα ἀνδρὸς ἀγαθοῦ καὶ ἁγνοτάτου ὧδε καθίσαντος τρίς, also Aristeas 94. The verb survives in MGr. For καθιζάνω used intransitively as in early poetry, cf. P Par 51.20 (B.C. 160) (= Selections, p. 20).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκαθισα εκάθισα ἐκάθισα εκαθίσαμεν εκαθισαν εκάθισαν ἐκάθισαν εκάθισας εκαθίσατε εκάθισε εκάθισέ εκαθισεν εκάθισεν ἐκάθισεν καθήσεται καθιεί καθιείς καθιείται καθίείται καθίεται καθιζετε καθίζετε καθιούνται καθισαι καθίσαι κάθισαι καθισαντες καθίσαντες καθισαντος καθίσαντος καθισας καθίσας Καθισατε Καθίσατε καθισάτω καθισει καθίσει καθίσεσθε καθιση καθίση καθίσῃ καθίσης καθίσησθε καθίσητε κάθισον καθίσω καθισωμεν καθίσωμεν καθισωσιν καθίσωσιν καθιώ κεκάθικε κεκαθικεν κεκάθικεν ekathisa ekáthisa ekathisan ekáthisan ekathisen ekáthisen kathisai kathísai kathisantes kathísantes kathisantos kathísantos kathisas kathísas Kathisate Kathísate kathise kathisē kathisei kathísei kathísēi kathisomen kathisōmen kathísomen kathísōmen kathisosin kathisōsin kathísosin kathísōsin kathizete kathízete kekathiken kekáthiken
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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