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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2710 - καταχράομαι

Transliteration
katachráomai
Phonetics
kat-akh-rah'-om-ahee  
Word Origin
from (2596) and (5530)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to use much or excessively or ill
  2. to use up, consume by use
  3. to use fully
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
1 Corinthians 2
1 Corinthians 2
1 Corinthians 2
BYZ TIS TR
V-ADN 1
V-PNP-NPM 1
V-ADN 1
V-PNP-NPM 1
V-ADN 1
V-PNP-NPM 1
NA WH
V-ADN 1
V-PNP-NPM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καταχραìομαι

From G2596 and G5530

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταχράομαι, καταχρωμαι; 1 aorist middle infinitive καταχρήσασθαι; in classical Greek

1. to use much or excessively or ill.

2. to use up, consume by use (German verbrauchen).

3. to use fully, the κατά intensifying the force of the simple verb (German gebrauchen) (Plato, Demosthenes, Diodorus, Josephus, others): 1 Corinthians 7:31 (cf. Buttmann, § 133, 18; Winer's Grammar, 209f (197)); τίνι, 1 Corinthians 9:18.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** κατα -χράομαι , -ῶμαι ,

[in LXX: Ep. Je.28, 3 Maccabees 4:5; 3 Maccabees 5:22*;]

to make full use of, use to the uttermost, use up: 1 Corinthians 7:31; c. dat., 1 Corinthians 9:18 (for other senses, v. LS, s.v.)..†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The intensive force of this compound ";use up,"; ";use to the full,"; which is found in 1 Corinthians 7:31, may be illustrated from P Oxy II. 281.14 (A.D. 20–50) where a woman lodges a complaint against her husband—ὁ δὲ Σαραπίων καταχρησάμενος τῆι φερνῇ εἰς ὃν ἠβούλετο λόγον οὐ διέλειπεν κακουχῶν με καὶ ὑβρί [ζ ]ων, ";but Sarapion, having squandered my dowry as he pleased, continually ill-treated and insulted me";(Edd.) : and similarly P Tebt II. 334.12 (A.D. 200–1) where a woman complains that, after the death of her parents, her husband carried off all that they had left her to his house—κ ̣[αὶ αὐ ]τὸς κατα ̣[χρῆται, ";and is using it up"; (Edd.). Cf. also BGU IV. 1105.17 (c. B.C. 10) ὁ δὲ ] διαβαλλόμενος Ἀσκληπιάδης ε ̣̓π ̣ε ̣[ὶ ἐ ]νέα ̣ι ̣ν ̣ε ̣ δ ̣ι ̣ ̣ τῆς συμβιώσε ̣ ω ̣ς ̣ [ ]π ̣ο ̣, μ ̣η ̣δ ̣ν ̣ο ̣, ς ̣ καταχρησάμεν ̣ο ̣ς ̣ τ ̣ο ̣ῖς ̣ π ̣ρ ̣ο ̣κειμένοις κακουχία ̣ς ̤ (sic) μ ̣ε ̣ καὶ καθυβρίζει καὶ τὰς χεῖρας ἐπιφέρων χρῆται ὡς ο ̣υ ̣̓δ ̣ε ̣, ἀρ ̣γυρω ̣ν ̣ήτ ̣ωι, ib. 1133.10 (B.C. 18) αὐτο (ὺς) δὲ τῷ παντ () [εἰς τ ]ὸ ἴδιο (ν) κατακεχρῆσθαι.

On the other hand the verb is practically = the simplex in P Petr III. 39ii. 15 τοῦ προσηγμ [ένου καὶ ] κατακεχρημένου [θ ]ρύου with reference to rushes used in irrigation works, ib. 46(3).3 πλίνθου καταχρησθείσης εἰς τοὺς οἰκοδομηθέντας τοίχους, P Oxy III. 494.20 (A.D. 156), a will in which the testator leaves to his wife certain monies—καταχρᾶσθαι εἰς τὸ ἴδιον, ";to use for her personal requirements,"; and Preisigke 4630.15 (ii/A.D.) ἐκ τῶν παρασκευασθέντων ἡμῖν πρὸς τὸ δ ̣[ ]πνον κατάχρησαι. From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 653.62 (B.C. 91) μηδὲ γραψάτω μηθεὶς δόγμα, ὅτι δεῖ ταῦτα τὰ διάφορα εἰς ἄλλο τι καταχρήσασθαι, OGIS 669.19 (i/A.D.) οἱ τῆι πρωτοπραξίᾳ πρὸς ἃ μὴ <ι > δεῖ καταχρώμενοι.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταχρησασθαι καταχρήσασθαι καταχρύσεα καταχρύσωσε καταχρυσώσεις καταχρύσωσεν καταχρωμενοι καταχρώμενοι κατάχυσις καταχωρίσαι καταχώσουσιν κατέχρισεν κατεχρύσωσε κατεχρύσωσεν κατεχωρίσθη katachresasthai katachrēsasthai katachrḗsasthai katachromenoi katachrōmenoi katachrṓmenoi
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Sunday, January 26th, 2020
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