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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3119 - μαλακία

Word Origin
from (3120)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. softness
  2. in the NT infirmity, debility, bodily weakness, sickness
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 611 ‑ אָסוֹן (aw‑sone');  2481 ‑ חֲלִי (khal‑ee');  4341 ‑ מַכְאֹבָה (mak‑obe', mak‑obe', mak‑o‑baw');  8463 ‑ תַּחֲלֻא (takh‑al‑oo', takh‑al‑oo');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Matthew 3
Matthew 3
Matthew 3

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μᾰλᾰκ-ία, Ion. -ιη, ἡ, (μαλακός)

1. softness, Hp. Aër. 20: hence, of persons, moral weakness, opp. καρτερία, Arist. EN 1150a31, cf. Hdt. 6.11, Th. 1.122, Lys. 10.11, X. Smp. 8.8, D. 11.22, etc.; τῇ σαυτοῦ ζυγομάχει μ. Men. 201.5.

2. = κιναιδεία, Ph. 2.306, Plu. CG 4, D.C. 58.4.

3. weakliness, sickness, LXX Genesis 42:4, Matthew 4:23, Ps.- Hdt. Vit.Hom. 36, POxy. 1151.27 (v A. D.); μ. σώματος, opp. ψυχῆς, Phld. Mus. p.30 K. II calmness of the sea, malacia ac tranquillitas, Caes. BG 3.15.3.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μαλακία, μαλακίας, (μαλακός);

1. properly, softness (from Herodotus down).

2. in the N. T. (like ἀσθένεια, ἀρρωστία) infirmity, debility, bodily weakness, sickness (the Sept. for חלִי, disease, Deuteronomy 7:15; Deuteronomy 28:61; Isaiah 38:9, etc.); joined with νόσος, Matthew 4:23; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 10:1.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μαλακία -ας ,

(< μαλακός ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2483 Deuteronomy 7:15; Deuteronomy 28:61, Isaiah 38:9; Isaiah 53:3, al.;]

1. prop., softness, effeminacy (Hdt., Thuc., al).

2. In NT, as in LXX, = ἀσθένεια , weakness, sickness: νόσος καὶ μ ., Matthew 4:23; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 10:1.†

SYN.: see ἀσθένεια G769.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

μαλακία, in the sense of bodily weakness, is found conjoined with νόσος, as in Matthew 4:23 al., in the Christian amulets P Oxy VIII. 1151.27 (v/A.D. ?) ὁ ἰασάμενος πᾶσαν νόσον καὶ πᾶσαν μαλακίαν, ἴασαι καὶ ἐπίσκεψαι καὶ τὴν δούλην σου Ἰωαννίαν, BGU III. 954.12 (c. vi/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 133) πᾶσαν δὲ νόσον καὶ πᾶσαν μαλακίαν ἄφελε ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ. Cf. Menander Fragm. p. 58 μηκέτ᾽ αἰτιῶ θεόν, | ἤδη δὲ τῇ σαυτοῦ ζυγομάχει μαλακίᾳ, and see Hobart, p. 63. For the verb μαλακίζομαι, as in Genesis 42:38 al., cf. syll 850.24 (B.C. 173–2) εἰ δὲ μαλακισθείη Σωτήριχος, ὃ μὴ γίνοιτο, πλεῖον διμήνου, ἐπαποδότω τοῦ πλείονος χρόνου Σωτήριχος Ἀμύντᾳ, and Preisigke 158 ἐμαλακίσθη καὶ ὁ θεὸς αὐτῶι ἐβοήθησε αὐθημερή.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμαλακίσθη εμαλακίσθην μαλακία μαλακίαις μαλακιαν μαλακίαν μαλακίας μαλακισθείς μαλακισθήναι μαλακίσθητι μεμαλάκισται malakian malakían
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