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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3576 - νωθρός

Word Origin
from a derivative of (3541)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. slow, sluggish, indolent, dull, languid
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2823 ‑ חָשֹׁךְ (khaw‑shoke');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Hebrews 2
Hebrews 2
Hebrews 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νωθρ-ός, ά, όν,


1. = cross νωθής, Hp. VM 10, Prorrh. 1.102, 117, etc.; ν. σφυγμοί Id. Coac. 136, Aret. SA 2.9; καταφορὴ ν. falling into a heavy sleep, Hp. Epid. 3.6, cf. Nic. Th. 165; ν. κινήσεις Arist. PA 696b6; ν. σύνεσις Demetr.Lac. Herc. 1014.58; τῇ κινήσει ν. Arist. HA 622b32; ν. ὁδίτης Call. Fr. 275; νωθρότερος τὴν ἀκοήν Hld. 5.1. Adv. - θρῶς Archyt. I; leisurely, gradually, Hp. Aph. 2.7: neut. as Adv., ὄμμασι νωθρὰ βλέπουσα AP 5.54 (Diosc.).

1. of the mind, ν. καὶ λήθης γέμοντες Pl. Tht. 144b, cf. Amips. 16 (Comp.); στόματα Anaxipp. 1.44 (Comp.); ν. καὶ μωροί Arist. Pr. 954a31; ἡσύχιος καὶ ν. Plb. 31.23.11; νωθραῖς ἐλπίσιν Babr. 16.7. Adv. ἀγεννῶς καὶ νωθρῶς Plb. 3.90.6.

II Act., making sluggish, νότοι Hp. Aph. 3.5, cf. S.E. M. 6.48.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

νωθρός, νωθρα, νωθρον (equivalent to νωθής, from νή (cf. νήπιος) and ὠθέω (to push; others, ὄθομαι to care about (cf. Vanicek, p. 879)), cf. νώδυνος, νώνυμος, from νή and ὀδύνη, ὄνομα), slow, sluggish, indolent, dull, lanuguid: Hebrews 6:12; with a dative of reference (Winers Grammar, § 31, 6 a.; Buttmann, § 133, 21), ταῖς ἀκοαῖς, of one who apprehends with difficulty, Hebrews 5:11; νωθρός καί παρειμένος ἐν τοῖς ἔργοις, Sir. 4:29; νωθρός καί παρειμένος ἐργάτης, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 34, 1 [ET]. (Plato, Aristotle, Polybius, Dionysius Halicarnassus, Anthol., others) (Synonym: see ἀργός, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

νωθρός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX: Proverbs 22:29 (H2823), Sirach 4:29; Sirach 11:12*;]

sluggish, slothful: Hebrews 5:11; Hebrews 6:12 (for similar usage in Papyri, v. MM, xvii).

SYN.: ἀργός G692 (q.v.), βραδύς G1021.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Par 45.4 (B.C. 153) ἀλ᾽ (= ἀλλ᾽ ὅμως τοῖς θεοῖς τὴν ἐπιτροπὴν δίδομει, P Oxy I. 115.9 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 9) ἀλλ᾽ ὁμῶς οὐδὲν δύναταί τις πρὸς τὰ τοιαῦτα : cf. John 12:42. See also BGU IV. 1205.12 (B.C. 28) οὐ πεπράκαμεν, ὅμως ὡς θέλετε ποιεῖτε, P Giss I. 99.7 (ii/iii A.D.) κ ̣ατὰ ̣ τὸ τῶν αὐτο [χθόνω ]ν Αἰγυπτίων ἀλλότρια ̣ ταῦ [τα.ἦν ], ἐδρᾶτο δὲ ὅμως, and P Oxy VI. 939.26 (iv/A.D.) ( = Selections, p. 30) νοσηλότερον δὲ ὅμως τὸ σωμάτιον ἔχει, ";but nevertheless she is still in a somewhat sickly state of body."; On the supposed trajection of ὅμως from its proper place in Galatians 3:15, 1 Corinthians 14:7, see Burton Gal. p. 178 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
νωθροι νωθροί νωθροὶ νωθροίς νωκήδ nothroi nothroì nōthroi nōthroì
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the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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