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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3641 - ὀλίγος

Transliteration
olígos
Phonetics
ol-ee'-gos  
Word Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
5:171,682
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. little, small, few
    1. of number: multitude, quantity, or size
    2. of time: short
    3. of degree or intensity: light, slight
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 259 ‑ אֶחָד (ekh‑awd');  369 ‑ אַיִן (ay'‑yin);  657 ‑ אֶפֶס (eh'‑fes);  4193 ‑ מוֹת (mohth);  4213 ‑ מִזְעָר (miz‑awr');  4591 ‑ מָעַט (maw‑at');  4591 ‑ מָעַט (maw‑at');  4592 ‑ מְעָט (meh‑at', meh‑awt');  4592 ‑ מְעָט (meh‑at', meh‑awt');  4705 ‑ מִצְעָר (mits‑awr');  6819 ‑ צָעַר (tsaw‑ar');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (43) NAS (40) HCS (40)
Matthew 7
Mark 4
Luke 5
Acts 10
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Timothy 2
Hebrews 1
James 2
1 Peter 4
Revelation 5
Matthew 6
Mark 4
Luke 5
Acts 10
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Timothy 2
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 Peter 4
Revelation 4
Matthew 6
Mark 4
Luke 6
Acts 9
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Timothy 2
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 Peter 4
2 Peter 1
Revelation 4
BYZ TIS TR
A-APF 2
A-APN 6
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 3
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 2
A-DSN 2
A-GPN 1
A-GSF 1
A-GSM 1
A-NPF 2
A-NPM 9
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 2
ADV 7
A-APF 2
A-APN 6
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 4
A-ASN 5
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 2
A-DSN 2
A-GPN 1
A-GSF 1
A-GSM 1
A-NPF 1
A-NPM 7
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 1
ADV 4
A-APF 2
A-APN 7
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 3
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 2
A-DSN 2
A-GPN 1
A-GSF 1
A-GSM 1
A-NPF 2
A-NPM 7
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 2
ADV 7
NA WH
A-APF 1
A-APN 6
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 3
A-ASN 9
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 1
A-DSN 3
A-GPM 1
A-GSF 1
A-GSM 1
A-NPF 1
A-NPM 7
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 1
ADV 1
A-APF 2
A-APN 6
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 3
A-ASN 3
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 2
A-DSN 2
A-GPN 3
A-GSF 1
A-GSM 1
A-NPF 1
A-NPM 7
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 1
ADV 8


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὀλίγος [], η, ον,

1. later ὀλίος (q.v.), of Size, little, small, freq. in Hom., rarer later, opp. μέγας, σάκος Il. 14.376; κῦμα Od. 10.94, etc.; ὀλίγῃ ὀπί with small, low voice, 14.492; of stature, 9.515; ὀ. κῶρος Theoc. 1.47; οὐκ ὀλίγης αἷμα βοὸς κέχυται Call. Aet.Oxy. 2080.85; of Space, ὀ. χῶρος Il. 10.161, etc.; of Time, χρόνος 19.157, 23.418, Pi. N. 7.38, etc.; ἐν βραχεῖ κὠλίγῳ χρόνῳ S. Fr. 646 (cf. IV. 3).

2. sts. in a sense between that of Size and Quantity, ὀ. δόσις Od. 6.208; οὖρα ὀλίγα not copious, Hp. Epid. 1.2; ὑποστάσιες ὀλίγαι slight sediments, ib. 17; ὀ. καὶ οὐδέν little or nothing, Pl. Ap. 23a; οὐδὲν ἢ ὀ. Arist. PA 651b17.

3. of Degree, ὀ. καὶ μέγας of low and high degree, Callin. 1.17.

4. weak, ἀθυμοτέρη καὶ ὀλιγωτέρη φύσις Hp. Virg. 1. II of Number, few, or of Quantity, little, not in Hom., freq. in Att., Ar. Av. 1417, Eq. 717, etc., but rare in Trag., as ὀλίγα κακά A. Pers. 330. The governing body in Oligarchies and the oligarchical party in Democracies was called οἱ ὀ., Th. 6.38, 8.9, etc.; ἡ ὑπὸ τῶν ὀ. δυναστεία, αἱ διὰ τῶν ὀ. δυναστεῖαι, Pl. Plt. 291d, D. 60.25; ἑνὸς καὶ πλήθους τὸ ὀ. μέσον Pl. Plt. 303a.

2. c. inf., ὀλίγους.. στρατιῇ τῇ Μήδων συμβαλεῖν too few to engage.., Hdt. 6.109, cf. 7.207; μὴ.. αἱ σφέτεραι δέκα νῆες ὀλίγαι ἀμύνειν ὦσιν Th. 1.50. III neut. ὀλίγον as Adv., a little, slightly, little, with Verbs, ὀ. παρακλίνας Il. 23.424, cf. 11.52, 12.452; φροντίσας E. Cyc. 163; ὀ. τοῦ ποιήματος προελθών Pl. Prt. 339d: also neut. pl., ἠκροβολίσαντο ὀλίγα Th. 3.73.

2. with comp. Adjs., ὀλίγον προγενέστερος Il. 23.789; ὀ. ἧσσον Od. 15.365; στιβαρώτερον οὐκ ὀ. περ 8.187; φέρτερος οὐκ ὀ. περ Il. 19.217; ὀ. τι πρότερον, v.l. for ὀλίγῳ, Hdt. 4.79, 81, cf. Pl. Plt. 262b, etc.; ὀ. ὕστερον Id. Grg. 454b, etc.; but ὀλίγῳ is more freq. in Prose, Hdt. ll.cc. (with v.l.), 7.113, al., Pl. Grg. 460c, R. 327c, etc. special Phrases: 1 ὀλίγου δεῖν almost (v. δεῖ II); ὀλίγου ἐδέησε καταλαβεῖν wanted but little of overtaking, Hdt. 7.10. γ': hence ὀλίγου alone, within a little, allbut, almost, ὀλίγου σεκύνες διεδηλήσαντο Od. 14.37, cf. Ar. Ach. 348, 381, Nu. 722, Lys. 14.17, Pl. Prt. 361b, D. 19.334, etc.; ὀ. ἅπαντες Pl. Revelation 22:1-21 b; ὀ. ἐς χιλίους close upon 1, 000, Th. 4.124; ὀ. ἦλθεν ἑλεῖν (v. infr. 9) Paus. 1.13.6.

2. δι' ὀλίγου at a short distance, E. Ph. 1098, Th. 2.89, 3.21, dub. in A. Th. 762 (lyr.); for (during) a short time, Th. 1.77, 2.85, 3.43; within or after a short time, Id. 6.11, 47, 7.39, etc.; but δι' ὀλίγων in few words, Pl. Phlb. 31d, etc.; v. infr. VI. 2.

3. ἐν ὀλίγῳ (χώρῳ is added in Hdt. 9.70) in a small space, within small compass, E. Supp. 1126 (lyr.); ἐν ὀ. στρατοπεδευομένοις Th. 4.26; κυκλωθέντων ἐν ὀ. ib. 96; εἰς ταὐτὸ πάντα.. ἁθροίσαντ' ἐν ὀ. D. 3.18; also ἐν ὀ. (sc. χρόνῳ) for a brief time, Pi. P. 8.92; but also, in a short time, quickly, ἔγνων καὶ περὶ τῶν ποιητῶν ἐν ὀ. τοῦτο Pl. Revelation 22:1-21 b, cf. Th. 4.55, Acts 26:28. ἐν ὀλίγοις one among few, i.e. exceedingly, remarkably, ποταμὸς ἐν ὀ. μέγας Hdt. 4.52; ἐν ὀλίγοισι Περσέων.. ἀνὴρ δόκιμος Id. 9.41: freq. in later writers, Plu. Pomp. 10, Hld. 3.1; so σὺν ὀλίγοις, v. infr. 10.

4. ἐξ ὀλίγου at short notice, suddenly, ἐξ ὀ. καὶ δι' ὀργῆς Th. 2.11, cf. 61, 4.108, etc.

5. ἐς ὀλίγον, like παρ' ὀλίγον, within a little, ἐς ὀ. ἀφίκετο τὸ στράτευμα νικηθῆναι ib. 129.

6. ἐπ' ὀλίγον for a short time, Hp. Prorrh. 1.26, Plot. 4.4.29, Gp. 7.12.22, 10.7.10, etc.; a little at a time, Hp. VC 18; εἴρηται ἐν τῷ [βιβλίῳ] ἐπ' ὀλίγον a little way on, near the beginning, Gal. 15.428.

7. κατ' ὀλίγον by little and little, Th. 1.69, Pl. Ti. 85d, Luc. Nec. 11, etc.; ἐκ τοῦ κατ' ὀ. D.S. 15.34, Ath.Med. ap. Orib. 1.2.6: but the Adj. freq. takes the gender and number of its Subst., κατ' ὀλίγους Hdt. 2.93, 8.113; οὗτοι κατ' ὀλίγους γινόμενοι ἐμάχοντο fought few at a time, in small parties, Id. 9.102, cf. Pl. Tht. 197d; κατ' ὀλίγον μαχεῖται (sc. τὸ πλῆθος αὐτῶν) Th. 4.10.

8. μετ' ὀλίγον τούτων shortly after.., X. HG 1.1.2.

9. παρ' ὀλίγον with little to spare, only just, ἀπέφυγες E. IT 870 (lyr.); to within a short distance of, παρ' ὀ. ἦλθε.. ἐκπεσεῖν Plb. 2.55.4, cf. 18.46.12; but παρ' ὀ. ποιεῖσθαι hold of small account, X. An. 6.6.11.

10. σὺν ὀλίγοις, = ἐν ὀλίγοις, ἐπαινεθῆναι Plu. Galb. 3; v. supr. IV. 3b. regul. Adv. ὀλίγως is rare, 2 Peter 2:18, Aq. Isaiah 10:7; οὐκ ὀ. AP 12.205 (Strat.).

Comparison:

1. the Comp. is commonly supplied by μείων, ἥσσων, or ἐλάσσων (qq.v.); the older form ὀλείζων (fr. Ολειγ-ψων) is found in Hom., λαοὶ δ' ὑπ' ὀλείζονες ἦσαν (ὑπολίζονες codd.) Il. 18.519; so in Att. Inscrr., IG 12.76.8 (written ὄλεζον ib.63.17, al.); τοῖσι.. ὀλείζοσι μυστηρίοισιν ib.6.76, cf. 95; ὀλείζους is prob. in X. Ath. 2.1 (μείζους codd.); so in Alexandrian Poets, Call. Jov. 72 (ὀλίζοσι codd.), AP 9.521; ἐς ὀλίζονας ἀστέρας ἄρκτου Poet. ap. Theodos. in Hilgard Exc.exHdn. p.19; also ὀλίζωνες Nic. Th. 123, ὀλίζωνα ib. 372; ὀλιζότερος is found in Id. Al. 479, Opp. C. 3.65, 394, cf. ὀλιζόω ; ὀλιγώτερος is found in Hp. Virg. I (with the sense weaker, v. supr. 1.4), S.E. M. 1.70, App. Pun. 42, Mith. 24, Ael. NA 2.42, 6.51.

2. Sup. ὀλίγιστος, η, ον, always of Number or Quantity, Il. 19.223, Hes. Op. 723, IG 12.54.7, Ar. Ra. 115, Pl. 628, Pl. R. 473b, al.; ὀλιγίστου, Sup. of ὀλίγου (cf. IV. I), very nearly, Phot., Hsch. (ubi ὀλιγωστοῦ); ὀλίγιστον as Adv., least, very little, Pl. R. 587b; τὸ ὀ. at least, Id. Prm. 149a; ὡς ὀλίγιστα Id. Grg. 510a, Lg. 953a (v.l. ὀλιγοστά); ἐν ὀλιγίστῳ διασαφῶν Eust. 1262.54; so δι' ὀλιγίστων Pl. 351d (interpol.). (Aspirated in papyri of ii- iii A.D., as μεθ' ὁλίγον BGU 388.11, cf. 146.10.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὀλίγος, ὀλίγη, ὀλίγον (on its occasional aspiration, (ὀλίγος) see WHs Appendix, p. 143; Tdf. Proleg., pp. 91,106; Scrivener, Introduction, p. 565, and references under the word οὐ at the beginning), the Sept. for מְעַט (from Homer down), little, small, few, of number, multitude, quantity, or size: joined to nouns (cf. Winers Grammar, § 20, 1 b. note; Buttmann, § 125, 6), Matthew 9:37; Matthew 15:34; Mark 6:5; Mark 8:7; Luke 10:2; Luke 12:48 (ὀλίγας namely, πληγάς (cf. B. § 134, 6; Winer's Grammar, § 32, 5, especially § 64, 4), opposed to πολλαί, 47); Acts 19:24; 1 Timothy 5:23; Hebrews 12:10; James 3:5 R G; 1 Peter 3:20 R G; Revelation 3:4; of time, short: χρόνος, Acts 14:28; καιρός, Revelation 12:12; of degree or intensity, light, slight: τάραχος, Acts 12:18; Acts 19:23; στάσις, ; χειμών, . plural with a partitive genitive: γυναικῶν, Acts 17:4; ἀνδρῶν, Acts 17:12. ὀλίγοι, absolutely: Matthew 7:14; Matthew 20:16; (T WH omit; Tr brackets the clause); ; Luke 13:23; 1 Peter 3:20 L T Tr WH; neuter singular: Luke 7:47; τό ὀλίγον, 2 Corinthians 8:15; πρός ὀλίγον ὠφέλιμος, profitable for little (Latinparum utilis); (cf. Winers Grammar, 213 (200); some, for a little (namely, time); see below), 1 Timothy 4:8; ἐν ὀλίγῳ, in few words (cf. Shakespear's in a few), i. e. in brief, briefly (γράφειν), Ephesians 3:3; easily, without much effort, Acts 26:28f on other but incorrect interpretations of this phrase cf. Meyer at the passage (see μέγας, 1 a. γ.); πρός ὀλίγον, for a little time, James 4:14; simply ὀλίγον, adverbially: of time, a short time, a (little) while, Mark 6:31; 1 Peter 1:6; 1 Peter 5:10; Revelation 17:10; of space, a little (further), Mark 1:19; Luke 5:3. plural ὀλίγα, a few things: (Luke 10:41 WH); Revelation 2:14, 20 (Rec.); ἐπ' ὀλίγα ((see at the beginning and) ἐπί, C. I. 2 e.), Matthew 25:21, 23; δἰ ὀλίγων, briefly, in few words, γράφειν, 1 Peter 5:12 (see διά, A. III. 3) (ῤηθῆναι, Plato, Phil., p. 31 d.; legg. 6, p. 778 c.).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὀλίγος , -η , -ον

(on οὐχ ὁλ ., v. infr.),

[in LXX chiefly for H4591;]

of number, quantity, size, few, little, small, slight: Matthew 9:37; Matthew 15:34, Mark 6:5; Mark 8:7, Luke 10:2; Luke 12:48 (sc. πληγάς , opp. to πολλάς ), 1 Timothy 5:23, Hebrews 12:10, Revelation 3:4; Revelation 12:12; οὐκ ὀ . (in the best uncials written οὐκ ὁ .; v. WH, App., 143; M, Pr., 44; Thackeray, Gr., 126 f.), Acts 12:18; Acts 14:28; Acts 15:2 (c. gen. part.) Acts 17:4; Acts 17:12; Acts 19:23-24; Acts 27:20; pl., absol., Matthew 7:14; Matthew 20:16 (WH, txt., RV, om.) Matthew 22:14, Luke 13:23, 1 Peter 3:20. Neut. sing (τὸ ) .: Luke 7:47, 2 Corinthians 8:15; πρὸς ὀλίγον , 1 Timothy 4:8, James 4:14; ἐν ὀ ., Acts 26:28-29 (with little effort; v. Page, in l); id., in brief, Ephesians 3:3; adverbially, ὀλίγον , of time, Mark 6:31, 1 Peter 1:6; 1 Peter 5:10, Revelation 17:10; of space, Mark 1:19, Luke 5:3; pl., ὀλίγα , Luke 10:42, Revelation 2:14; ἐπ᾿ ὀλίγα , Matthew 25:21; Matthew 25:23; δι᾿ ὀλίγων , in few words, briefly, 1 Peter 5:12 (cf. Plat., Legg., vi, 778 e).†

**ὀλίγως , adv.

(<ὀλίγος ),

[in Aq.: Isaiah 10:7*;]

a little, almost, all but: 2 Peter 2:18.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";holy,"; ";pious,"; is of course common in inscrr. dealing with religion. Note Syll 814 (= .3 1199).7, a leaden plate from Cnidus containing an invocation of ὅσ [ι ]α on certain persons if they restore a trust (παραθήκη) and ἀν [όσια ] if they do not. The meaning seems to help us for ὅσια Δαυείδ in Acts 13:34 (from LXX : Field Notes, p. 121), as does the combination ὅσια καὶ ἐλεύθερα in other inscrr., such as Syll 815 (= .3 1180).6 ἐμοὶ δ᾽ ε ()η ὅσια καὶ ἐλεύθερα ὁμοστεγησάσηι ἢ ὧι πο [τε ] τρόπωι ἐπιπλεκομένηι. For the adj. see also a iii/B.C. law regulating mourning for the dead, Syll 879 (= .3 1219) .25 where it is laid down regarding women who do not conform—μὴ ὅσιον αὐταῖς εἶναι, ὡς ἀσεβούσαις, θύειν μηθενὶ θεῶν ἐπὶ δέκα ἔτη, and notice P Flor III. 334.11 (ii/A.D.) σφράγισον τὸ δαπανηθὲν ἀνάλωμα εἰς τοὺς θησαυρούς, εἰς ᾗ (";a vulgarism for a simple "; (Ed.)) ὅσιόν ἐστι. The ace. fem. pl. ὁσίους in 1 Timothy 2:8 is best explained as ";an isolated slip, affected by the analogy of other adj. in—ιος fem."; (Moulton Gr. ii. p. 157). On the ὅσιοι Ἰουδαῖοι of P Par 68 c..14 as the successors of the Ἀσιδαῖοι of the Maccabean period see the introd. p. 348. Deissmann, however, prefers to regard it as a general title of honour self-applied by the Alexandrian Jews (BS p. 68 n. .2). In Aristeas 234 ";to honour the gods"; is said to consist—οὐ δώροις οὐδὲ θυσίαις, ἀλλὰ ψυχῆς καθαρότητι καὶ διαλήψεως ὁσίας (cf. 2 Maccabees 12:45).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ἑνὸς ολιγα ολίγα ὀλίγα ολιγαι ολίγαι ὀλίγαι ολιγας ολίγας ὀλίγας ολίγη ολιγην ολίγην ὀλίγην ολιγης ολίγης ὀλίγης ολιγοι ολίγοι ὀλίγοι ολιγοις ολίγοις ὀλίγοις ολιγον ολίγον ὀλίγον ολιγος ολίγος ὀλίγος ολιγοστοί ολιγοστόν ολιγοστός ολιγοστούς ολιγότητα ολιγου ολίγου ὀλίγου ολίγους ολιγοψυχίας ολιγοψυχούντες ολιγω ολίγω ὀλίγῳ ολιγων ολίγων ὀλίγων ολιγως ὀλίγως ωλιγοψύχει ωλιγοψύχησαν ωλιγοψύχησε ωλιγοψύχησεν enos henos henòs oliga olíga oligai olígai oligas olígas oligen oligēn olígen olígēn oliges oligēs olíges olígēs oligo oligō oligoi olígoi olígōi oligois olígois oligon oligōn olígon olígōn oligos oligōs olígos olígōs oligou olígou
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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