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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3727 - ὅρκος

Transliteration
hórkos
Phonetics
hor'-kos, her'-kos  
Word Origin
from herkos (a fence, perhaps akin to (3725))
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
5:457,729
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. that which has been pledged or promised with an oath
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5927 ‑ עָלָה (aw‑law');  7655 ‑ שְׁבַע (shib‑aw');  7773 ‑ שֶׁוַע (sheh'‑vah);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (10) HCS (10)
Matthew 4
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Matthew 4
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Matthew 4
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 3
N-ASM 2
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 1
N-APM 3
N-ASM 1
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 1
N-APM 3
N-ASM 2
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 1
NA WH
N-APM 3
N-ASM 1
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 1
N-APM 3
N-ASM 2
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὅρκος, ὁ,

I

1. the object by which one swears, as the Styx among the gods, Στυγὸς ὕδωρ, ὅς τε μέγιστος ὅ. δεινότατός τε πέλει μακάρεσσι θεοῖσι Il. 15.38, cf. 2.755, Hes. Th. 400, 784, 805, h.Cer. 259, Arist. Metaph. 983b31; or as Zeus among mortals, Pi. P. 4.167; so of things, ὅρκον δ' ἐνοσφίσθης μέγαν, ἅλας τε καὶ τράπεζαν Archil. 96; οἷς ἦν μέγιστος ὅ... κύων, ἔπειτα χήν Cratin. 231, cf. Placit. 1.3.8: hence,

2. oath, mostly with epith. μέγας, καρτερός, Hom. (v. infr.), etc.; θεῶν ὅ. an oath by the gods, Od. 2.377; μακάρων ὅ. 10.299, cf. S. OT 647, E. Hipp. 657; ὅ. ἐκ θεῶν μέγας A. Ag. 1284; ὅ. κατὰ τῶν.. ὀφθαλμῶν Aeschin. 2.153; ὅ. πλατύς a firm-based oath, Emp. 30.3; ὅρκον ὀμόσαι swear an oath, ὄμοσέν τε τελεύτησέν τε τὸν ὅ. Od. 2.378, etc.; ὅ. ἀπώμνυ ib. 377, cf. 10.381; ἐπὶ δ' ὅρκον ὀμεῖται Hes. Op. 194; κατομόσαι E. IT 790; ὅ. ἐπιορκῆσαι take a false oath, Aeschin. 1.115, etc.; ὅρκου προστεθέντος when an oath is added, S. Fr. 472, cf. El. 47; δαίμονι τῷ Πλεισθενιδῶν ὅρκους θεμένη having made a sworn compact with.., A. Ag. 1570 (anap.); ὅ. ἀλλήλοις ποιοῦνται οἱ μὲν ἔφοροι ὑπὲρ τῆς πόλεως, βασιλεὺς δ' ὑπὲρ ἑαυτοῦ X. Lac. 15.7; ὅρκους συνῆψαν E. Ph. 1241, etc.; of the person demanding the oath, ὅ. ἑλέσθαι τινός or τινί take it of him, i.e. make him swear, Od. 4.746, Il. 22.119; ὅρκους ἐπελάσαι and προσάγειν τινί lay oath upon a man, put him on his oath, Hdt. 1.146, 6.62, 74; τὸν ὅ... ἐπάγειν.. Ὀποντίοις readminister the oath, IG 9(1).334.12 (Locr., v B. C.); ὅρκους δοὺς καὶ δεξάμενος after tendering his oath to them and accepting theirs, Hdt. 6.23, cf. IG 12.52.18, A. Eu. 429, Ar. Ra. 589, D. 39.3 and 4; so ὅρκον διδόναι καὶ λαμβάνειν Arist. Rh. 1377a7, 8; ἀποδοῦναι take it oneself, D. 19.318, Aeschin. 3.74; ἀπολαμβάνειν administer or tender it, D. 5.9, 18.25; ὅρκους καὶ πίστιν ἀλλήλοις δότε swear to one another, Ar. Lys. 1185, cf. And. 1.107; ὅρκοις καταλαβὼν τὰ τέλη having bound the authorities by oaths, Th. 4.86; ὅρκοις κατειλημμένους Id. 1.9; ὅρκῳ ἐμμένειν abide by it, E. Med. 754; ὅ. τηρεῖν Democr. 239; παραβαίνειν E. Fr. 286.7, Ar. Av. 332, D. 19.318; ἐκβάντι τῶν ὅ. Pl. Smp. 183b; ἐκλιπεῖν E. Supp. 1194; συγχέαι Id. Hipp. 1063; ἐμπεδοῦν X. An. 3.2.10: after ὅρκος aor., pres., or fut. inf. may refer to fut. time, ὤμοσα καρτερὸν ὅ., μὴ.. ἀναφῆναι Od. 4.253; ἐμεῦ δ' ἕλετο μέγαν ὅ., μὴ πρὶν σοὶ ἐρέειν ib. 746; ὅρκους ἔδοσαν καὶ ἔλαβον, ἀποδοῦναι.., Ἀθηναίους δὲ μὴ πολεμεῖν.. X. HG 1.3.9: with Preps., οὐκ αὔτως.., ἀλλὰ σὺν ὅρκῳ Od. 14.151; σὺν θεῶν ὅρκῳ X. Cyr. 2.3.12; εἶπαι ἐπ' ὅρκου say on oath, Hdt. 9.11; κατὰ τοὺς ὅ. X. HG 5.4.54; opp. παρ' ὅρκον Pi. O. 13.83; παρὰ τοὺς ὅ. X. An. 2.5.41: prov., ὅρκους ἐγὼ γυναικὸς εἰς ὕδωρ γράφω S. Fr. 811; parodied by Philonid. 7 ὅρκους δὲ μοιχῶν εἰς τέφραν.. γράφω, cf. Xenarch. 6, Men. Mon. 25.

II Ὅρκος, personified, son of Eris, Hes. Op. 804; a divinity who punishes the false and perjured, ib. 219, Th. 231, Orac. ap. Hdt. 6.86. γ; Διὸς Ὅ., as servant of Zeus, S. OC 1767 (anap.). (Cogn. with ἕρκος.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὅρκος, ὅρκου, (from ἔργῳ, εἴργω; equivalent to ἕρκος an enclosure, confinement; hence, Latinorcus) (from Homer down), the Sept. for שֲׁבוּעָה, an oath: Matthew 14:7, 9; Matthew 26:72; Mark 6:26; Luke 1:73 (Winers Grammar, 628 (583); Buttmann, § 144, 13); Acts 2:30 (Winer's Grammar, 226 (212); 603 (561)); Hebrews 6:16; James 5:12; by metonymy, that which has been pledged or promised with an oath; plural vows, Matthew 5:33 ((cf. Wünsche ad loc.)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὅρκος , -ου , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7773, H7655 and cogn. forms;]

an oath: Matthew 14:7; Matthew 26:72, Luke 1:73, Acts 2:30, Hebrews 6:16-17, James 5:12; p1., Matthew 5:33 (LXX) Matthew 14:9, Mark 6:26.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";very much,"; ";very great,"; which is read in the TR of Mark 8:1, but not elsewhere in Biblical Greek, is known to classical Greek, and occurs in such passages from the Κοινή as BGU III. 731ii. 8 (A.D. 180) ξύλα ἐρίκινα πάμπολλα, P Oxy IV. 718.11 (A.D. 180–192) χρόνῳ δὲ παμπόλλῳ ὕστε [ρον, ";a very long while afterwards"; (Edd.), and P Gen. I 16.15 A.D. 207) (= Chrest. I. p. 417) πάντα τὰ ὑποστέλλοντα τῇ κώμῃ πάμπολλα ὄντα.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
όρκοις ορκον όρκον ὅρκον ορκος όρκος ὅρκος ορκου όρκου ὅρκου ορκους όρκους ὅρκους ορκω όρκω ὅρκῳ horko horkō hórkoi hórkōi horkon hórkon horkos hórkos horkou hórkou horkous hórkous orko orkō orkon orkos orkou orkous
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