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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3766 - οὐκοῦν

Word Origin
from (3756) and (3767)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. not therefore
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
John 1
John 1
John 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

οὐκοῦν, Dor. οὐκῶν, Adv., composed, like οὔκουν, of οὐκ and οὖν, but differing in meaning and accent, cf. A.D. Conj. 257.18s qq., Hdn.Gr. 1.516, Phryn. PS p.98B.

I in questions, inviting assent to an inference, or to an addition to what has already received assent, οὐκοῦν δοκεῖ σοι..; you think then, do you not, that.. ? X. Cyr. 2.4.15, Mem. 1.4.5, cf. 4.2.20, Pl. Prt. 332b, 360b -d, Cra. 416c, etc.: with hortatory subj., οὐκοῦν καὶ ἄλλους σε φῶμεν δυνατὸν εἶναι ποιεῖν (sc. ῥήτορας ἀγαθούς); Id. Grg. 449b: folld. by οὐ when a neg. answer is invited, οὐκοῦν οὐκ ἂν εἴη τὸ μὴ λυπεῖσθαί ποτε ταὐτὸν τῷ χαίρειν; Id. Phlb. 43d, cf. Phd. 105e; οὐκοῦν οὐδ' ἂν εἷς ἀντείποι; D. 16.4.


1. in affirm. sentences, surely then, οὐκοῦν, εἰ ταῦτα ἀληθῆ, πολλὴ ἐλπὶς ἀφικομένῳ οἷ ἐγὼ πορεύομαι Pl. Phd. 67b: with subj. or imper., οὐκοῦν διδάσκωμεν αὐτόν, ἀλλὰ μὴ λοιδορῶμεν let us teach him, then, Id. La. 195a; οὐκοῦν.. ἱκανῶς ἐχέτω let this then suffice, Id. Phdr. 274b, cf. 278b, Luc. DMort. 23.3; οὐκοῦν ἂν ἤδη.. λέγοι Ar. Pax 43: with a prohibition, οὐκοῦν μὴ.. αὐτομολήσῃς Aeschin. 1.159; οὐκοῦν ὑπόλοιπον δουλεύειν slavery, then, is the only alternative, D. 8.59.

2. in replies, very well, yes, ἴωμεν.. Answ. οὐκοῦν ἐπειδὰν πνεῦμα τοὐκ πρῴρας ἀνῇ, τότε στελοῦμεν S. Ph. 639; ἀμηχάνων ἐρᾷς. Answ. οὐκοῦν, ὅταν δὴ μὴ σθένω, πεπαύσομαι Id. Ant. 91; ἥξει γὰρ αὐτά, κἂν ἐγὼ σιγῇ στέγω. Answ. οὐκοῦν ἅ γ' ἥξει καὶ σὲ χρὴ λέγειν ἐμοί Id. OT 342; ἀπόλωλας, ὦ κακόδαιμον. Answ. οὐκοῦν, ἢν λάχω Ar. Pax 364; ἴθι δὴ σκεψώμεθα.. Answ. οὐκοῦν χρή yes, let us do so, Pl. Plt. 289d, cf. 287c, Sph. 254d; surely, οὐκοῦν τρύγοιπος ταῦτα πάντ' ἰάσεται Ar. Pl. 1087; οὐκοῦν κλεινὴ καὶ ἔπαινον ἔχουσ'.. ἀπέρχῃ S. Ant. 817 (anap.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

οὐκοῦν (from οὐκ and οὖν), adverb, not therefore; and since a speaker often introduces in this way his own opinion (see Krüger, as below), the particle is used affirmatively, therefore, then, the force of the negative disappearing. Hence, the saying of Pilate οὐκοῦν βασιλεύς εἰ σύ must be taken affirmatively: "then (since thou speakest of thy βασιλεία) thou art a king!" (German alsobist du doch ein König!), John 18:37 (cf. Buttmann, 249 (214)); but it is better to write οὐκοῦν, so that Pilate, arguing from the words of Christ, asks, not without irony, art thou not a king then? or in any case, thou art a king, art thou not? cf. Winer's Grammar, 512 (477). The difference between οὐκοῦν and οὐκοῦν is differently stated by different writers; cf. Herm. ad Vig., p. 792ff; Krüger, § 69, 51, 1 and 2; Kühner, § 508, 5 ii., p. 715ff, also the 3rd excurs. appended to his edition of Xenophon, memor.; (Bäumlein, Partikeln, pp. 191-198).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

οὐκοῦν ,


(< οὔκουν , not therefore),

with the negative element lost, therefore, so then: John 18:37.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

for the Attic παρακαταθήκη (see Nägeli, p. 27) in the sense of ";deposit"; can be freely illustrated—P Par 54.51 (B.C. 163–161) (= UPZ i. p. 388) ἀπέχω παρὰ Ἀφροδεισίω παραθήκην (δραχμὰς Ἀ ̄φ ̄, ";I have received from Aphrodisius 1500 drachmae as deposit,"; P Hamb I. 2.9 (A.D. 59) ὁμολογοῦμεν ἔχειν παρά σου διὰ χειρὸς δι᾽ ἐγ [γ ]ύω [ν ] ἀλ ̣λ ̣η ̣λ ̣ων εἰς ἔκτισιν παραθήκην ἀργυρίου. . . δραχμὰς ἑξακοσίας, P Ryl II 324.16 (A.D. 139) ἀργυρίου δραχμὰς ἑξήκοντα παραθήκην [ἀκί ]νδυνον παντὸς [κι ]νδύνου, BGU II. 520.5 (Jan. A.D. 172) ὁμολογῶ ἔχω (l. ἔχειν) π [αρὰ σοῦ ] ἐν παραθήκῃ 300 drachmae to be paid back in May–June, and P Lond 943.9 (A.D. 227) (= III. p. 175) ἐκτείσ [ω κατ ]ὰ τὸν τῶν παραθηκῶν νόμον (a parallel to νόμος in Romans 7:12). Syll 814 (= .3 1199).4, a leaden tablet found in the temple of Demeter at Cnidus (Audollent Defixiones p. 5 cites authorities for dating it ii/i B.C.) devotes to Demeter and Kore and the other infernal gods τοὺς λαβόντας παρὰ Διοκλεῦς παραθή [καν ] καὶ μὴ ἀποδιδόντας ἀλ [λ ]᾽ ἀποστεροῦντας.

A special use is seen in Syll 848 (ii/B.C.), where Asandros of Beroea ἀνατίθησι τῶι Ἀπόλλωνι τῶι Πυθίωι ἐλευθέραν ἐμ παραθήκηι Εὐπορίαν τὴν αὑτοῦ παιδίσκην καταβεβληκυῖαν δραχμὰς Ἀλεξανδρείας διακοσίας. Dittenberger remarks that the practice of emancipation is varied : ἐμ παραθήκηι implies that the freedom of Euporia is committed as a charge to Apollo’s care.

For παραθήκη in the sense of ";pledge,"; ";security,"; we may refer to Syll 329 (= .3 742).51 (B.C. 85) with Dittenberger’s note.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ου Ουκουν ουκούν Οὐκοῦν ουλή ουλής Oukoun Oukoûn
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, June 2nd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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