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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3804 - πάθημα

Transliteration
páthēma
Phonetics
path'-ay-mah  
Word Origin
from a presumed derivative of (3806)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
5:930,798
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. that which one suffers or has suffered
    1. externally, a suffering, misfortune, calamity, evil, affliction
      1. of the sufferings of Christ
      2. also the afflictions which Christians must undergo in behalf of the same cause which Christ patiently endured
    2. of an inward state, an affliction, passion
  2. an enduring, undergoing, suffering
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (16) NAS (16) HCS (16)
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 3
1 Peter 4
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 3
1 Peter 4
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 3
1 Peter 4
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 1
N-ASN 1
N-DPN 4
N-GPN 7
N-NPN 3
N-APN 1
N-ASN 1
N-DPN 4
N-GPN 7
N-NPN 3
N-APN 1
N-ASN 1
N-DPN 4
N-GPN 7
N-NPN 3
NA WH
N-APN 1
N-ASN 1
N-DPN 4
N-GPN 7
N-NPN 3
N-APN 1
N-ASN 1
N-DPN 4
N-GPN 7
N-NPN 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πᾰθ-ημα, ατος, τό,

dat. pl. παθημάτοις Com.Adesp. 283 (Aetol. acc. to Eust. 279.42, 1761.36):

I

1. that which befalls one, suffering, misfortune, S. Tr. 142, Th. 4.48, etc.; τὸ π. τοῦ Χριστοῦ the passion of Christ, 2 Corinthians 1:5; of good fortune, χαῖρε παθὼν τὸ π. (deification) Orph. Fr. 32f: mostly in pl., Hdt. 8.136, etc.; παθήμαθ' ἅπαθον S. OC 361; ἀκούσια π., opp. ἑκούσια καὶ ἐκ προνοίας ἀδικήματα, Antipho 1.27; τὰ δέ μοι π. μαθήματα γέγονε my sufferings have been my lessons (cf. πάθος 1.2), Hdt. 1.207, cf. Ar. Th. 199, Pl. Smp. 222b. II emotion or condition, affection, π. τῆς ψυχῆς εἶναι τὴν σωφροσύνην, οὐ μάθημα X. Cyr. 3.1.17, cf. Pl. Phd. 79d; opp. ποίημα, Id. Sph. 248b; τὸ τῆς ἑτέρας χειρὸς π. Plot. 4.9.2; but in early writers mostly in pl., affections, feelings, opp. ποιήματα, Pl. R. 437b; τὰ περὶ τὸ σῶμα π. Id. Phlb. 33d; ὅσα διὰ τοῦ σώματος π. ἐπὶ τὴν ψυχὴν τείνει Id. Tht. 186c; π. ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ γιγνόμενα Id. R. 511d; παθήμασιν ὑπηρετεῖν obey the feelings, Arist. Pol. 1254b24; opp. ἤθη, ἕξεις, Id. Rh. 1396b33, cf. Po. 1449b28.

2. Medic., pl., troubles, symptoms, Hp. VM 2, Epid. 2.2.24; π. καὶ νοσήματα Pl. R. 439d, cf. 389c.

III

1. in pl., incidents, happenings, τὰ ἐν.. Ὀδυσσείᾳ π. ib. 393b; πάντα εἴδη καὶ π. πολιτειῶν Id. Lg. 681d.

2. incidents or changes of material bodies, τὰ οὐράνια π. Id. Ion 531c, cf. Phd. 98a; τὰ τῆς σελήνης π. Arist. Metaph. 982b16, cf. Mete. 363a24, 365a12.

3. in Logic, incidents, properties, or accidents, Pl. Phdr. 271b, Prm. 141d, 157b, Arist. APo. 76b13, Cael. 310a20; τὰ π. τὰ αἰσθητά, of colour, etc., Id. Sens. 445b4.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πάθημα, παθηματος, τό (from παθεῖν, πάσχω, as μάθημα from μαθεῖν), from (Sophocles) Herodotus down;

1. that which one suffers or has suffered;

a. externally, a suffering, misfortune, calamity, evil, affliction : plural, Romans 8:18; 2 Corinthians 1:6; Colossians 1:24; 2 Timothy 3:11; Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 10:32; 1 Peter 5:9; τά εἰς Χριστόν, that should subsequently come unto Christ (Winer's Grammar, 193 (182)), 1 Peter 1:11; τοῦ Χριστοῦ, which Christ endured, 1 Peter 5:1; also the afflictions which Christians must undergo in behalf of the same cause for which Christ patiently endured, are called παθήματα τοῦ Χριστοῦ (Winer's Grammar, 189 (178) note), 2 Corinthians 1:5; Philippians 3:10; 1 Peter 4:13.

b. of an inward state, an affection, passion: Galatians 5:24; τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν, that lead to sins, Romans 7:5.

2. equivalent to τό πάσχειν (see καύχημα, 2), an enduring, undergoing, suffering (so the plural in Arstph: thesm. 199): θανάτου, genitive of the object, Hebrews 2:9. (Synonym: cf. πάθος, at the beginning.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* πάθημα , -τος , τό

(< πάσχω ), like πάθος ,

1. that which befalls one, a suffering, affliction: pl., Romans 8:18, 2 Corinthians 1:6-7, Colossians 1:24, 2 Timothy 3:11, Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 10:32, 1 Peter 5:9; of Christ's sufferings: τὰ εἰς Χ ., 1 Peter 1:11; τ . Χριστσῦ , 1 Peter 5:1; id. as shared by Christians, 2 Corinthians 1:5, Philippians 3:10, 1 Peter 4:13.

2. a passive emotion, affection, passion: Galatians 5:24; τ . ἀμαρτιῶν , Romans 7:5.

3. = τὸ πάσχειν , an enduring or suffering: c. gen. obj., Hebrews 2:9.†

SYN.: see πάθος G3806.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

παρασκευή is found in the general sense of ";preparation"; in P Petr II. 45iii. 17 (B.C. 246) τοιαύτην παρασκευήν, P Strass I. 41.6 (A.D. 250) αἰτοῦμε [ν δοθῆναι ἡμῖν ἡμέραν πρὸς ] παρασκευὴν τῆς δίκης, and Syll 503 (=.3 596).12 (c. B.C. 200) τῆ [ς τε τῶν σίτων παρ ]ασκευῆς ἐφρόντισ [εν.

For παρασκευή as the technical designation for Friday (cf. MGr) see Didache viii. 1 ὑμεῖς δὲ νηστεύσατε τετράδα καὶ παρασκευήν, ";but ye shall fast on the fourth day and the preparation day (Friday)"; : cf. Jos. Antt. XVI. 163 (vi. 2). The questions raised by the use of παρασκευή in the Synoptics and Jn lie outside our province, but see Abbott Joh. Gr. p. 92 f. Herwerden Lex. s.v. cites ἡ παρασκευή = dies Veneris from Clem. Al. p. 316, 15 (Sylb.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παθημα πάθημα παθήμασι παθήμασί παθημασιν παθήμασιν παθηματα παθήματα παθηματων παθημάτων pathema pathēma páthema páthēma pathemasin pathēmasin pathḗmasin pathemata pathēmata pathḗmata pathematon pathemáton pathēmatōn pathēmátōn
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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