corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4038 - πέριξ

Word Origin
from (4012)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. round about: the neighbouring cities
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Acts 1
Acts 1
Acts 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Adverb from G4012

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πέριξ (on the formative or strengthening xi Ξ cf. Lob. Paralip., p. 131), adverb, from Aeschylus down, round about: αἱ πέριξ πόλεις, the cities round about, the circumjacent cities, Acts 5:16.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** πέριξ ,


[in Al.: Leviticus 13:33*;]

round about: αἱ Papyri πολεῖς , Acts 5:16.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This important word is not very common in the vernacular, but it can be illustrated in the sense of a full ";company"; or ";complement."; From Egypt we have P Petr III. 43(3).12 (B.C. 240) ἔγραψάς μοι μὴ ἀποσπάσαι τὸ π [λή ]ρωμα ἐκ Φιλωτέριδος ἕως οὗ τὰ ἔργα συντελέσαι, ";you wrote me not to withdraw the gang from Philoteris before they had finished the work"; (Ed.), cf..15, .19, and an inscr. from near Sebastopol Syll 326 (= .3 709).40 (c. B.C. 107) παραλαβὼν δὲ καὶ τῶν πολιτᾶν ἐπιλέκτους ἐμ πληρώμασι τρισί (";in three shiploads";). In P Hib I. 100.95 (c. B.C. 255) (= Chrest. I. p. 514) ἀπ ̣[ὸ τοῦ ] πληρώματος, Wilcken thinks the reference is to ";the ship’s crew"; : cf. Romans 11:25. See also P Par 60 Bisi. 2 (c. B.C. 200) τὸ ἀνήλωμα εἰς Ἀλεξάνδρειαν ἀπὸ τῶν πληρωμάτων [ἀρ ]χαίων.

The very common word πλήρωσις does not occur in the NT, but its restriction to commercial phraseology accounts for this : cf. Ostr 464.7 (A.D. 85–6), P Lips I. 105.32 (i/ii A.D.), and P Strass I. 19.5, .12 (A.D. 105). That πλήρωμα should take its place as a nomen actionis (as in Romans 13:10) is not strange, as the –σις and –μα nouns are drawing together a good deal : the shortened penultimate of θέμα, κρίμα, χρίσμα etc., due to the analogy of the –σις words, illustrates the closeness of association.

As against the so-called pass. sense of πλήρωμα for which Lightfoot contends (Col..2 p. 257 ff.), see the elaborate note by Armitage Robinson in Eph. p. 255 ff. Cf. also the art. ";Pleroma"; by W. Lock in Hastings DB iv. p. 1 f., and for illustrations of the word from Hermetic literature see Reitzenstein Poimandres p. 25 n.1.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
περιξ πέριξ περιοδεύσαι περιοδεύσατε περιόδω περιωδεύκαμεν περιώδευσαν perix périx
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology