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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4277 - προέπω

Word Origin
from (4253) and (2036)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to say before
    1. to say in what precedes, to say above
    2. to say before i.e. heretofore, formerly
    3. to say beforehand i.e. before the event: prophecies
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS ( 0 ) HCS ( 0 )
Acts 1
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Ephesians 1
V-2AAI-1S 1
V-2AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-2AAI-1S 1
V-2AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-2AAI-1S 1
V-2AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-1P 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


From G4253 and G2036

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προεῖπον (2 aorist active from an unused present (see εἶπον, at the beginning)), 1 person plural προείπομεν (1 Thessalonians 4:6 Griesbach), προείπαμεν, (ibid. R L T Tr WH (see WH's Appendix, p. 164)); perfect προείρηκα; perfect passive προείρημαι (see εἶπον, p. 181a top); from Homer ((by tmesis); Herodotus and Plato) down; to say before; i. e., a. to say in what precedes, to say above: followed by ὅτι, 2 Corinthians 7:3; followed by direct discourse (Hebrews 4:7 L T Tr WH text); Hebrews 10:15 (Rec.).

b. to say before i. e. heretofore, formerly: followed by ὅτι, 2 Corinthians 13:2; Galatians 5:21; followed by direct discourse, Galatians 1:9; (Hebrews 4:7 WH marginal reading); καθώς προείπαμεν ὑμῖν, 1 Thessalonians 4:6; (in the passages under this head (except Galatians 1:9) some would give προ( the sense of openly, plainly (cf. R. V. marginal reading)).

c. to say beforehand i. e. before the event; so used in reference to prophecies: τί, Acts 1:16; τά ῤήματα τό προειρημενα ὑπό τίνος, Jude 1:17; 2 Peter 3:2; προείρηκα ὑμῖν πάντα, Mark 13:23; namely, αὐτό, Matthew 24:25; followed by direct discourse, Romans 9:29.

STRONGS NT 4277: προείρηκα προείρηκα see προεῖπον.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** προ -εῖπον ,

2 aor. from unused Pres. (see εἶπον , and pf., -είρηκα (3 Maccabees 6:35 *), pass., -είρημαι (2 Maccabees 2:32, 3 Maccabees 1:26, al.),

1. to say before: Galatians 1:9, 1 Thessalonians 4:6 (on the form -αμεν , v. WH, App., 164), Hebrews 4:7; seq. ὅτι , 2 Corinthians 7:3; 2 Corinthians 13:2, Galatians 5:21; of prophecy, Matthew 24:25, Mark 13:23, Acts 1:16, Romans 9:29, 2 Peter 3:2, Judges 1:17.

2. to proclaim publicly, declare openly or plainly (cl.): so R, mg., in 2 Corinthians 13:2, Galatians 5:21, 1 Thessalonians 4:6 (cf. προλέγω ; but v. supr., and cf. M, Th., 38).†

προ -είρηκα , -είρημαι , see προεῖπον .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

προσφωνέω is included by Mayser (Gr. p. 34) among the poetical verbs which have passed into the Κοινή. For the meaning ";address,"; ";give speech to,"; as in Acts 22:2, we may cite P Petr II. 38 (b).3 (B.C. 242) παρὰ δέ σου οὐθ [ ]ν ἡμῖν προσπεφώνηται, ";whereas from you not a word has been uttered"; (Ed.), Chrest. I. 27 verso.15 (ii/A.D.) περὶ τούτου ὡς ἔδοξε [ν ], προσφωνησάτω ἡμεῖν ὁ πρυτανικός.

From this it is an easy transition to the more official sense of ";report,"; as in P Ryl II. 83.10 (A.D. 138–161) where a tax-collector states to the commission appointed to receive his accounts, προσφωνῶ περὶ τοῦ μ ̣η ̣δέν μοι διαγεγρά (φθαι) ὑπὲρ [λ ]ημμάτων ἰδίου λόγου, ";I report to you that nothing has been paid to me on behalf of the revenues of the privy purse"; (Edd.), BGU I. 16.13 (A.D. 159–160) (= Selections, p. 84) ἐπιζητοῦσι ὑμ [ ]ν εἰ [οὕ ]τως ἔχει προσφωνοῦμεν, ";to your enquiries whether these things are so we report,"; with reference to certain charges against a priest, P Oxy I. 51.9 (A.D. 173) a public physician is instructed to inspect the body of a man who had been hanged, and προσφωνῆσαι regarding it, and similarly ib. III. 475.8 (A.D. 182), VI. 896.39 (A.D. 316) : cf. 1 Esdras 2:21. The account of Nero’s speech to the Greeks on freedom in A.D. 67, Syll 376 (= .3 814).8, is introduced with the words, συνελθόντων τῶν ὄχλων ἐν ἐκκλησίᾳ προσεφώνησεν τὰ ὑπογεγραμμένα.

The word is found associated with ὁμολογέω with the meaning ";avow,"; ";acknowledge,"; in P Gen 1. 68.1 (A.D. 382) προσεφω ̣[ν ]ησεν καὶ ὁμολόγησεν Αὐ [ρή ]λιος Περγάμιος, and in P Leid G.20 (B.C. 99) (= I. p. 43) the editor (p. 47) thinks that προσφωνέω has the meaning compellandi, cum reprehensions admonendi.

For προσφώνησις cf. P Grenf I. 35.6 (B.C. 99) ἐγράψαμεν ὑμῖν ὑπὲρ ὧν βουλόμεθα, μηδεμιᾶς προσφωνήσεως προσπεπτωκυίας, and see Preisigke Fachwörter s.v.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προείπαμεν προείπε προείπον
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, January 22nd, 2020
the Second Week after Epiphany
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