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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4521 - σάββατον

Transliteration
sábbaton
Phonetics
sab'-bat-on  
Word Origin
of Hebrew origin (07676)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
7:1,989
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the seventh day of each week which was a sacred festival on which the Israelites were required to abstain from all work
    1. the institution of the sabbath, the law for keeping holy every seventh day of the week
    2. a single sabbath, sabbath day
  2. seven days, a week
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7676 ‑ שַׁבָּת (shab‑bawth');  7677 ‑ שַׁבָּתוֹן (shab‑baw‑thone');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (68) NAS (68) HCS (68)
Matthew 9
Mark 11
Luke 19
John 11
Acts 10
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Matthew 9
Mark 11
Luke 19
John 11
Acts 10
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Matthew 11
Mark 12
Luke 20
John 13
Acts 10
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 1
N-ASN 10
N-DPN 14
N-DSN 15
N-GPN 12
N-GSN 12
N-NSN 5
N-APN 1
N-ASN 9
N-DPN 13
N-DSN 16
N-GPN 11
N-GSN 13
N-NSN 5
N-APN 1
N-ASN 9
N-DPN 14
N-DSN 15
N-GPN 12
N-GSN 12
N-NSN 5
NA WH
N-APN 1
N-ASN 9
N-DPN 11
N-DSF 1
N-DSN 15
N-GPN 11
N-GSN 11
N-NSN 5
T-DPN 2
T-DSN 1
T-GSN 1
N-APN 1
N-ASN 9
N-DPN 13
N-DSN 17
N-GPN 12
N-GSN 13
N-NSN 5


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

Σάββᾰτ-ον, τό,

the Hebrew Sabbath, i.e. Rest ( δηλοῖ δὲ ἀνάπαυσιν . . τὸ ὄνομα J. AJ 1.1.1 ), LXX Exodus 16:23, al., Mark 6:2,al.: freq. in pl. of the single day, PCair.Zen. 762.6 (iii B.C.), LXX 4 Ki. 4.23; ὀψὲ σαββάτων Ev.Matthew 28:1; ἡ ἡμέρα τῶν ς . LXX Numbers 15:32, Ev.Luke 4:16, al. (but ἡ ἡμ. τοῦ ς . ib. 13.14 ): heterocl. dat. pl. σάββασι ( ν ) LXX 1 Maccabees 2:38, J. BJ 1.7.3, al., Mark 2:23, al., freq. with v.l. σαββάτοις; but σάββασι is certain in AP 5.159 ( Mel. ).

2. period of seven days, week, εἰς μίαν σαββάτων toward the first day of the week, Ev.Matthew 28:1; κατὰ μίαν σαββάτου 1 Corinthians 16:2; πρώτῃ σαββάτου Mark 16:9; τῇ μιᾷ τῶν ς . ib. 2, Ev.John 20:1; δὶς τοῦ ς . Ev.Luke 18:12 .

3. Σαβάτ, the 11t h month of the Hebr. year, nearly = February, LXX 1 Maccabees 16:14 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σάββατον, σαββάτου, τό (Hebrew שַׁבָּת), found in the N. T. only in the historical books except twice in Paul's Epistles; sabbath; i. e.:

1. the seventh day of each week, which was a sacred festival on which the Israelites were required to abstain from all work (Exodus 20:10; Exodus 31:13; Deuteronomy 5:14);

a. singular σάββατον and τό σάββατον: Mark 6:2; ( L Tr); Mark 16:1; John 5:9f, etc.; equivalent to the institution of the sabbath, the law for keeping holy every seventh day of the week: Matthew 12:8; Mark 2:27; Luke 6:5; λύειν, John 5:18; τηρεῖν, John 9:16; ἡμέρα τοῦ σαββάτου (הַשַּׁבָּת יום, Exodus 20:8 and often), the day of the sabbath, sabbath-day, Luke 13:16; Luke 14:5; ὁδός σαββάτου, a sabbath-day's journey, the distance it is lawful to travel on the sabbath-day, i. e. according to the Talmud two thousand cubits or paces, according to Epiphanius (haer. 66, 82) six stadia: Acts 1:12, cf. Matthew 24:20 (the regulation was derived from Exodus 16:29); cf. Winers RWB, under the word Sabbathsweg; Oehler in Herzog xiii., 203f (cf. Leyrer in Herzog edition 2 vol. 9:379); Mangold in Sehenkel v., 127f; (Ginsburg in Alexander's Kitto under the word Sabbath Day's Journey; Lumby on Acts 1:12 (in Cambr. Bible for Schools)). as dative of time (Winers Grammar, § 31, 9 b.; Buttmann, § 133, 26): σαββάτῳ, Matthew 24:20 (G L T Tr WH); Luke 14:1; τῷ σαββάτῳ, Luke 6:9 L text T Tr WH; Luke 13:14; Luke 14:3; Acts 13:44; ἐν σαββάτῳ, Matthew 12:2; John 5:16; John 7:22 (here L WH brackets ἐν),23; ἐν τῷ σαββάτῳ, Luke 6:7; John 19:31, accusative τό σάββατον during (on) the sabbath (cf. Buttmann, § 131, 11; Winer's Grammar, § 32,6): Luke 23:56; κατά πᾶν σάββατον every sabbath, Acts 13:27; Acts 15:21; Acts 18:4. plural τά σάββατα, of several sabbaths, Acts 17:2 (some refer this to 2).

b. plural, τά σαββάτων (for the singular) of a single sabbath, sabbath-day (the use of the plural being occasioned either by the plural names of festivals, as τά ἐγκαίνια, ἄζυμα, γενέσια, or by the Chaldaic form שַׁבָּתָא (Winers Grammar, 177 (167); Buttmann, 23 (21))): Matthew 28:1; Colossians 2:16 (Exodus 20:10; Leviticus 23:32 etc.; τήν ἑβδόμην σάββατα καλουμεν, Josephus, Antiquities 3, 6, 6; add, 1, 1, 1; (14, 10, 25; Philo de Abrah. § 5; de cherub. § 26; Plutarch, de superstitione 8); τήν τῶν σαββάτων ἑορτήν, Plutarch, symp. 4, 6, 2; hodie tricesima sabbata, Horace sat. 1, 9, 69; nowhere so used by John except in the phrase μία τῶν σαββάτων, on which see 2 below); ἡμέρα τῶν σαββάτων, Luke 4:16; Acts 13:14; Acts 16:13 (Exodus 20:8; Exodus 35:3; Deuteronomy 5:12; Jeremiah 17:21f); τοῖς σάββασιν and ἐν τοῖς σάββασιν (so constantly (except Lachmann in Matthew 12:1, 12) by metaplasm for σαββάτοις, cf. Winers Grammar, 63 (62); (Buttmann, 23 (21))) on the sabbath-day: Matthew 12:1(see above),5, 10-12 (see above); Mark 1:21; Mark 2:23; Mark 3:2, 4; Luke 4:31; Luke 6:9 (R G L marginal reading) (1 Macc. 2:38; the Sept. uses the form σαββάτοις, and Josephus both forms). On the precepts of the Jews with regard to the observance of the sabbath, which were for the most part extremely punctilious and minute, cf. Winers RWB, under the word Sabbath; Oehler in Herzog xiii. 192ff (revised by Orelli in edition 2 vol. xiii. 156ff); Schürer, Zeitgesch. 2te Aufl. § 28 II.; Mangold in Schenkel see, p. 123f; (BB. DD., under the word; Geikie, Life and Words of Christ, chapter xxxviii. vol. ii: p. 95ff; Farrar, Life of Christ, chapter xxxi. vol. i., p. 432f; Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, vol. ii., p. 56ff and Appendix, xvii.).

2. seven days, a week: πρώτη σαββάτου, Mark 16:9; δίς τοῦ σαββάτου, twice in the week, Luke 18:12. The plural is used in the same sense in the phrase μία τῶν σαββάτων, the first day of the week (see εἷς, 5) (Prof. Sophocles regards the genitive (dependent on ἡμέρα) in such examples as those that follow (cf. Mark 16:9 above) as equivalent to μετά with an accusative, the first day after the sabbath; see his Lex., p. 43 par. 6): Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1, 19; Acts 20:7; κατά μίαν σαββάτων (L T Tr WH σαββάτου), on the first day of every week, 1 Corinthians 16:2.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σάββατον , -ου , τό

(Aram. שַׁבָּתָא , transliterated σάββατα , and this being mistaken for a pl., the sing. σάββατον was formed from it), and σάββατα , -ων , τά ,

[in LXX for H7676, H7677;]

1. the seventh day of the week, the sabbath;

(a) the sing. form -ον , τὸ σ .: Matthew 12:8, Mark 2:27, Luke 6:5, al.; ἡ ἡμέρα τοῦ σ . (in LXX, Exodus 20:8, al., usually τῶν σ ., v. infr.), Luke 13:16; Luke 14:5; ὁδὸς σαββάτου , Acts 1:12 (cf. Matthew 24:29); dat., of time (τῷ ) σ ., Luke 6:9; Luke 14:1; ἐν (τῷ ) σ ., Matthew 12:2, Luke 6:7, John 5:16, al.; acc, of duration, τὸ σ ., Luke 23:56; κατὰ πᾶν σ ., Acts 13:27; Acts 15:21; Acts 18:4; pl., σ . τρία , Acts 17:2 R, txt. (but v. infr.);

(b) as most freq. in LXX (v. Swete, Mk., 17; Thackeray, Gr., 35) the pl. form, τὰ σ . (v. supr. on the Aram. form. There is also an analogy in the names of other festivals, τ . ἐγκαίνια , ἄζυμα , etc.): Matthew 28:1, Colossians 2:16; ἡ ἡμέρα τῶν σ . (Exodus 20:8, al.), Luke 4:16, Acts 13:14; Acts 16:13; dat. pl. (in LXX -τοις , but 1 Maccabees 2:38 as in NT) by metaplasmus (El., § 9, 3), σάββασι , Matthew 12:1; Matthew 12:5; Matthew 12:10-12 Mark 1:21; Mark 2:23; Mark 3:2; Mark 3:4, Luke 4:31; Luke 6:2.

2. seven days, a week;

(a) the sing. form: πρώτη σαββάτσυ , Mark 16:9; δὶς τοῦ σ . (Bl., § 35, 4; 36, 13), Luke 18:12; κατὰ μίαν σαββάτου , 1 Corinthians 16:2; pl., σ . τρία , Acts 17:2 R, mg. (but v. supr.);

(b) the pl. form: ἡ μία τῶν σ . (where the gen. = μετὰ τά ; Soph., Lex., 43a), Matthew 28:1, Mark 16:2, Luke 24:1, John 20:1; John 20:19, Acts 20:7.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
σάββασι σαββασιν σάββασιν σαββατα σάββατα σάββατά σαββάτοις σαββατον σάββατον Σάββατόν σαββατου σαββάτου σάββατου σαββατω σαββάτω σαββάτῳ σαββατων σαββάτων σαβεί σαβέκ sabbasin sábbasin sabbata sábbata sabbato sabbatō sabbátoi sabbátōi sabbaton sabbatōn sabbáton sabbátōn sábbaton Sábbatón sabbatou sabbátou
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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