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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4639 - σκιά

Transliteration
skiá
Phonetics
skee'-ah  
Word Origin
apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
7:394,1044
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. shadow
    1. shade caused by the interception of light
    2. an image cast by an object and representing the form of that object
    3. a sketch, outline, adumbration
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6738 ‑ צֵל (tsale);  6757 ‑ צַלְמָוֶת (tsal‑maw'‑veth);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (7) NAS (7) HCS (7)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 2
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 2
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 2
N-DSF 3
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 1
N-DSF 3
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 2
N-DSF 3
N-NSF 2
NA WH
N-ASF 1
N-DSF 3
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 2
N-DSF 3
N-NSF 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σκῐά, ᾶς, Ion. σκῐή, ῆς, ἡ, shadow, Od. 11.207; σκιὰ ἀντίστοιχος ὥς like the shadow that is one's double, E. Andr. 745; ὑπὸ κίονος σκιὰν ἔπτηξεν Id. HF 973: prov., τὴν αὑτοῦ ς. δέδοικεν Ar. Fr. 77, cf. Pl. Phd. 101d .

2. reflection, image (in a bowl of oil), Sch. Il. 17.755 .

3. shade of one dead, phantom, Od. 10.495, A. Th. 992 (lyr.), S. Aj. 1257; σποδόν τε καὶ σκιάν Id. El. 1159; κατθανὼν δὲ πᾶς ἀνὴρ γῆ καὶ ς . E. Fr. 532; σκιᾷ τινι λόγους ἀνέσπα S. Aj. 301; also, of one worn to a shadow, A. Eu. 302; κακωθεὶς δ' οὐδὲν ἄλλ' εἰμ' ἢ ς . Id. Niob. in Bull.Soc.Alex. No. 28p.110; φωνὴ καὶ ς. γέρων ἀνήρ E. Fr. 509: freq. in proverbs of man's mortal estate, σκιᾶς ὄναρ ἄνθρωπος Pi. P. 8.95; εἴδωλον σκιᾶς A. Ag. 839, cf. S. Fr. 659.6; ὁρῶ γὰρ ἡμᾶς οὐδὲν ἄλλο πλὴν εἴδωλα . . ἢ κούφην ς . Id. Aj. 126; ἄνθρωπός ἐστι πνεῦμα καὶ ς. μόνον Id. Fr. 13; οὐδέν ἐσμεν πλὴν σκιαῖς ἐοικότες Id. Fr. 945; of human affairs, εὐτυχοῦντα μὲν σκιᾷ τις ἂν πρέψειεν A. Ag. 1328 (dub.l.); οὐδὲν μᾶλλον ἢ καπνοῦ ς . Id. Fr. 399; καπνοῦ σκιὰν δέδοικεν Com.Adesp. 692; of worthless things, τἄλλ' ἐγὼ καπνοῦ σκιᾶς οὐκ ἂν πριαίμην S. Ant. 1170, cf. Ph. 946; καπνοὺς καὶ σκιάς Eup. 51; ὅσ' ἂν γένηται ταῦτα πάντ' ὄνου σκιά S. Fr. 331; περὶ ὄνου σκιᾶς [μάχεσθαι ] Ar. V. 191, cf. Pl. Phdr. 260c; Archipp. wrote a Com. entitled Ὄνου σκιά; ἡ ἐν Δελφοῖς ς . that phantom at Delphi, of the Amphictyonic council, D. 5.25; αἱ τοῦ δικαίου ς . mere shadows of . ., Pl. R. 517d; σκιαὶ καὶ ἐν ὕδασιν εἰκόνες ib. 510e; σκιαὶ τῶν ὄντων, ἀλλ' οὐκ εἰδώλων ς . ib. 532c; στιγμὴ ἢ ς. τούτων D. 21.115; ἂν ἔχῃ φίλου σκιάν Men. 554 .

4. evil spirit, Hippiatr. 130, PMasp. 188.5 (vi A.D.) .

II shade of trees, etc., as a protection from heat, πετραίη τε σκιή the shade of a rock, Hes. Op. 589; ἐν σκιῇ ἑζόμενος ib. 593; ἐν συμμιγεῖ σκιᾷ Pl. Phdr. 239c; εἰ ὑπὸ σκιῇ ἔσοιτο ἡ μάχη Hdt. 7.226; ὑπὸ σκιᾶς E. Ba. 458; εἰσελθὼν ὑπὸ τὴν σκιὰν καθέζεσθαι And. 1.38; θέρους σκιὰν παρέχειν Pl. Ti. 76d; ἐν σκιᾷ, i.e. indoors, X. Smp. 2.18, cf. Cyn. 3.3; σκιὰν ὑπερτείνασα Σειρίου κυνός shade from its heat, A. Ag. 967: pl., αἱ τῶν δένδρων, αἱ τῶν πετρῶν ς ., X. Cyr. 8.8.17; ὑπὸ σκιαῖς Id. Oec. 20.18, cf. 5.9 .

III shadow in painting, τὰ λαμπρὰ τῇ σκιᾷ τρανότερα ποιοῦσι Plu. 2.863e, cf. 407a, D.H. Is. 4, Longin. 17.3; ἀνθρώπων πρῶτος ἐξευρὼν φθορὰν καὶ ἀπόχρωσιν σκιᾶς, of the painter Apollodorus, Plu. 2.346a, cf. Hsch.

2. silhouette, profile, Διόδωρος ς. Ἀντιφίλου ἐποίησεν Sammelb. 344 (Alexandria, ii B.C. ).

3. perh. coloured border on a garment, καλάσηριν ἢ ὑπόδυμα μὴ ἔχον σκιάς IG 5(1).1390.19, cf. 24 (Andania, i B.C. ), cf. Men. 561, BGU 1141.41, 43 (i B.C.) . an uninvited guest, introduced by another (Lat. umbra ), Plu. 2.707a, Ael. Fr. 110 . (Cf. Skt. châyâ´ 'shadow'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σκιά, σκιᾶς, ((see σκηνή, at the beginning)), from Homer down, the Sept. for צֵל;

a. properly, shadow, i. e. shade caused by the interception of the light: Mark 4:32 (cf. Ezekiel 17:23); Acts 5:15; σκιά θανάτου, shadow of death (like umbra mortis, Ovid. metam. 5, 191, and umbra Erebi, Vergil Aen. 4, 26; 6, 404), 'the densest darkness' (because from of old Hades had been regarded as enveloped in thick darkness), tropically, the thick darkness of error (i. e. spiritual death; see θάνατος, 1): Matthew 4:16; Luke 1:79 (from Isaiah 9:1, where צַלְמָוֶת).

b. a shadow, i. e. an image cast by an object and representing the form of that object: opposed to σῶμα, the thing itself, Colossians 2:17; hence, equivalent to a sketch, outline, adumbration, Hebrews 8:5; opposed to εἰκών, the 'express' likeness, the very image, Hebrews 10:1 (as in Cicero, de off. 3, 17, 69nos veri juris solidam et expresssam effigiem nullam tenemus, umbra et imaginibus utimur).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σκιά , -ᾶς , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6738, 2 Kings 20:9 ff., Psalms 57:1, al.; but σ . and σ . θανάτου are also used for H6757, Job 3:5, Psalms 3:4, Isaiah 9:2 (1) (v. ICC, in l), al.;]

1. shadow, shade, caused by interception of light: Mark 4:32, Acts 5:15; metaph., σ . θανάτου , of ignorance and error, Matthew 4:16, Luke 1:79 (LXX).

2. a shadow, the image or outline cast by an object: fig., ὑπόδειγμα καὶ σ ., Hebrews 8:5; opp. to σῶμα , Colossians 2:17; opp. to εἰκών , Hebrews 10:1.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";stand,"; a new present (MGr στέκω) from the perf. ἕστηκα, and retaining the same meaning : cf. Blass-Debrunner Gr. § 73, Psaltes Gr. p. 245. The idea of emphasis usually associated with the verb can hardly be pressed in view of the late Greek love for such forms : cf. Kaibel 970 (iii/A.D. ?) where it is interchanged with ἔστανεν (from the late σταίνω)—

]ς ποτε γυμνασίῳ Φιλήμονος ἔστανεν Ἑρμῆν

νῦν σ [τ ]ήκω κἀ [ι ]γὼ Τελέσφορος. . .

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσκίασε σκια σκιά σκιὰ σκιᾷ σκιαδίων σκιάζει σκιάζειν σκιάζονται σκιαζόντων σκιάζουσα σκιάζουσαι σκιαζούσης σκιαί σκιαν σκιάν σκιὰν σκιάς σκιάσει σκιάση skia skià skiā̂i skian skiàn
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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