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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4864 - συναγωγή

Transliteration
synagōgḗ
Phonetics
soon-ag-o-gay'  
Word Origin
from (the reduplicated form of) (4863)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
7:798,1108
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a bringing together, gathering (as of fruits), a contracting
  2. in the NT, an assembling together of men, an assembly of men
  3. a synagogue
    1. an assembly of Jews formally gathered together to offer prayers and listen to the reading and expositions of the scriptures; assemblies of that sort were held every sabbath and feast day, afterwards also on the second and fifth days of every week; name transferred to an assembly of Christians formally gathered together for religious purposes
    2. the buildings where those solemn Jewish assemblies are held. Synagogues seem to date their origin from the Babylonian exile. In the times of Jesus and the apostles every town, not only in Palestine, but also among the Gentiles if it contained a considerable number of Jewish inhabitants, had at least one synagogue, the larger towns several or even many. These were also used for trials and inflicting punishment.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  1004 ‑ בַּיִת (bah'‑yith);  1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);  1530 ‑ גַּל (gal);  1995 ‑ הָמֹן (haw‑mone', haw‑mone');  2428 ‑ חַיִל (khah'‑yil);  4234 ‑ מָחוֹל (maw‑khole');  4264 ‑ מַחֲנֶה (makh‑an‑eh');  4723 ‑ מִקְוֵא (mik‑veh', mik‑vay', mik‑vay');  4725 ‑ מְקֹמָה ((1,2) maw‑kome', (3,4) mek‑o‑mah');  4908 ‑ מִשְׁכָּן (mish‑kawn');  5475 ‑ סוֹד (sode);  5712 ‑ עֵדָה (ay‑daw');  5971 ‑ עַם (am);  5971 ‑ עַם (am);  6908 ‑ קָבַץ (kaw‑bats');  6951 ‑ קָהָל (kaw‑hawl);  8615 ‑ תִּקְוָה (tik‑vaw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (57) NAS (56) HCS (56)
Matthew 9
Mark 8
Luke 15
John 2
Acts 20
James 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 9
Mark 8
Luke 15
John 2
Acts 19
James 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 9
Mark 8
Luke 15
John 2
Acts 19
James 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 6
N-ASF 12
N-DPF 17
N-DSF 12
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 7
N-NSF 2
N-APF 8
N-ASF 12
N-DPF 15
N-DSF 12
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 2
N-APF 6
N-ASF 12
N-DPF 17
N-DSF 12
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 7
N-NSF 2
NA WH
N-APF 8
N-ASF 12
N-DPF 15
N-DSF 12
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 2
N-APF 11
N-ASF 12
N-DPF 17
N-DSF 12
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

συνᾰγωγ-ή, ἡ,

a bringing together:

I of persons, ἀνδρὸς καὶ γυναικός Pl. Tht. 150a; collecting, ὄχλων, ἀνδρῶν, etc., Plb. 4.7.6, D.L. 2.129, etc.; συμποσίου Ath. 5.192b; assembling, meeting, τῶν λογιστῶν IG 12.91.9, cf. Test.Epict. 4.7.

2. assembly, LXX Exodus 12:3, OGI 737.1 (Egypt, ii B.C.), etc.; τῶν συνέδρων IG 5(1).1390.49 (Andania, i B.C.), cf. Test.Epict. 4.25; place of assembly, esp. of the Jewish synagogue, Luke 8:41, Acts 9:2, BCH 56.293 (Stobi), etc.; meeting-house, Μαρκιωνιστῶν OGI 608.1 (Syria, iv A.D.); conventicle, Cod.Just. 1.5.18.3.

II of things, ς. [τῶν ἐκπεπταμένων ] Hp. Off. 11, cf. Epicur. Nat. 14.4, etc.; opp. διαιρέσεις, Pl. Phdr. 266b; ς. πολέμου levying of war, Th. 2.18; gathering in of harvest, τοῦ σίτου PCair.Zen. 433.5 (iii B.C.), Plb. 1.17.9, etc.; Χρημάτων Democr. 222, SIG 410.14 (Erythrae, iii B.C.), Plb. 27.12.2, cf. Phld. Oec. p.51 J.; ὑδάτων LXX Genesis 1:9 (pl.), cf. Leviticus 11:36; πύου Heras ap. Gal. 13.815 (pl.); ξύλων PMich.Zen. 84.15 (iii B.C.); harvest, ἑορτὴ συναγωγῆς LXX Exodus 34:22.

2. drawing together, contracting, συναγωγὰς καὶ ἐκτάσεις στρατιᾶς forming an army in column or in line, Pl. R. 526d; contraction of ranks either in front or depth, Arr. Tact. 11.3; αἱ τοῦ προσώπου ς. pursing up or wrinkling of the face, Isoc. 9.44; μετώπου Hp. Coac. 210; bringing together, closing up of a wound, Gal. 10.191; ς. τῶν μηρῶν Sor. 2.41; τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν Arist. Pr. 876b10; opp. διαστολή, Id. Ph. 217b15; ς. ἔχειν, ς. λαμβάνειν, = συνάγεσθαι, Thphr. HP 3.10.5, PCair.Zen. 54.6 (iii B.C.), Str. 8.2.3, cf. 12.2.4.

3. collection, τῶν νόμων καὶ τῶν πολιτειῶν Arist. EN 1181b7 (pl.); of writings, D.H. 2.27, Cic. Att. 9.13.3, 16.5.5, Herod.Med. in Rh.Mus. 58.114, Gal. 12.836, Orib. 1 Prooem. 2.

4. combination, [ πολιτειῶν ] Arist. Pol. 1316b40.

5. conclusion, inference, Id. Rh. 1400b26, 1410a22, Gal. 16.676, S.E. P. 2.143, 170; cogent reasoning, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.89; demonstration, Phld. Rh. 1.91 S.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

συναγωγή, συναγωγῆς, (συνάγω), the Sept. for קָהָל and very often for עֵדָה. In Greek writings a bringing together, gathering (as of fruits), a contracting; an assembling together of men. In the N. T.

1. an assembly of men: τοῦ Σατανᾶ, whom Satan governs, Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9.

2. a synagogue, i. e., a. "an assembly of Jews formally gathered together to offer prayer and listen to the reading and exposition of the Holy Scriptures"; assemblies of the sort were held every sabbath and feast-day, afterward also on the second and fifth days of every week (see references below): Luke 12:11; Acts 9:2; Acts 13:43; Acts 26:11; the name is transferred to an assembly of Christians formally gathered for religious purposes, James 2:2 (Epiphanius haer. 30, 18 says of the Jewish Christians συναγωγήν οὗτοι καλουσι τήν ἑαυτῶν ἐκκλησίαν καί οὐχί ἐκκλησίαν (cf. Lightfoot on Philippians, p. 192)); (cf. Trench, Synonyms, § 1, and especially Harnack's elaborate note on Hermas, mand. 11, 9 [ET] (less fully and accurately in Hilgenfeld's Zeitschr. f. wiss. Theol. for 1876, p. 102ff) respecting the use of the word by the church Fathers of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries; cf. Hilgenfeld's comments on the same in his 'Hermae Pastor', edition alt., p. 183f).

b. the building where those solemn Jewish assemblies are held (Hebrew הַכְּנֶסֶת בֵּית, i. e. 'the house of assembly'). Synagogues seem to date their origin from the Babylonian exile. In the time of Jesus and the apostles every town, not only in Palestine but also among the Gentiles if it contained a considerable number of Jewish inhabitants, had at least one synagogue, the larger towns several or even many. That the Jews held trials and even inflicted punishments in them, is evident from such passages as Matthew 10:17; Matthew 23:34; Mark 13:9; Luke 12:11; Luke 21:12; Acts 9:2; Acts 22:19; Acts 26:11. They are further mentioned in Matthew 4:23; Matthew 6:2, 5; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 12:9; Matthew 13:54; Matthew 23:6; Mark 1:21, 23, 29, 39; Mark 3:1; Mark 6:2; Mark 12:39; Luke 4:15f, 20, 28, 33, 38, 44; Luke 6:6; Luke 7:5; Luke 8:41; (); ; John 6:59; John 18:20 (here the anarthrous (so G L T Tr WH) singular has an indefinite or generic force (R. V. text in synagogues)); Acts 6:9; Acts 9:20; Acts 13:5, 14, 42 Rec.; (Josephus, Antiquities 19, 6, 3; b. j. 2, 14, 4. (5; 7, 3, 8; Philo, qued omn. prob. book § 12)). Cf. Winers RWB, under the word Synagogen; Leyrer in Herzog edition 1, xv., p. 299ff; Schürer, N. T. Zeitgesch. § 27 (especially ii.); Kneucker in Schenkel v., p. 443f; (Hamburger, Real-Encycl. ii, p. 1142ff; Ginsburg in Alex.'s Kitto, under the word Synagogue; Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, book iii, chapter x.).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

συν -αγωγή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5712, also for H6951, etc.;]

prop., a bringing together;

1. of things,

(a) a gathering in of harvest;

(b) a collection of money.

2. Of persons,

(a) a collecting, assembling (Polyb.);

(b) an assembly (MM, xxiv; Deiss., LAE, 101 ff.): Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9; esp. of a Jewish religious assembly, a synagogue: Luke 12:11, Acts 9:2, al.; of a Christian assembly, James 2:2. By meton., of the building in which the assembly is held, a synagogue: Matthew 10:17, Mark 1:21, al. (cf. Cremer, s.v. ἐκκλησία ).

SYN.: ἐκκλησία G1577 (q.v.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

On συνσχηματίζεσθε in Romans 12:2 = ";be ye outwardly conformed"; as contrasted with μεταμορφοῦσθε, ";be ye inwardly conformed,"; see Field Notes, p. 162.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
συναγωγαί συναγωγαις συναγωγαίς συναγωγαῖς συναγωγας συναγωγάς συναγωγὰς συναγωγη συναγωγή συναγωγὴ συναγωγῇ συναγωγην συναγωγήν συναγωγὴν συναγωγης συναγωγής συναγωγῆς συναγωγων συναγωγών συναγωγῶν sunagogais sunagōgais sunagogas sunagōgas sunagoge sunagōgē sunagogen sunagōgēn sunagoges sunagōgēs sunagogon sunagōgōn synagogais synagogaîs synagōgais synagōgaîs synagogas synagogás synagogàs synagōgas synagōgás synagōgàs synagoge synagogḕ synagōgē synagōgḕ synagogêi synagōgē̂i synagogen synagogḗn synagogḕn synagōgēn synagōgḗn synagōgḕn synagoges synagogês synagōgēs synagōgē̂s synagogon synagogôn synagōgōn synagōgō̂n
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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