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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5138 - τραχύς

Transliteration
trachýs
Phonetics
trakh-oos'  
Word Origin
perhaps strengthened from the base of (4486) (as if jagged by rents)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. rough, rocky
    1. of places of the sea
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 386 ‑ אֵתָן (ay‑thawn');  7406 ‑ רֶכֶס (reh'‑kes);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Luke 1
Acts 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
BYZ TIS TR
A-APM 1
A-NPF 1
A-APM 1
A-NPF 1
A-APM 1
A-NPF 1
NA WH
A-APM 1
A-NPF 1
A-APM 1
A-NPF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τρᾱχ-ύς, εῖα, ύ:

and Ion. τρηχύς, fem. -εῖα, -εῖαν, -είης, neut. -ύ (Hom. (v. infr.), Hes. Op. 291, Theoc. 25.74); in Ion. Prose fem. τρηχέᾰ, acc. τρηχέᾰν, gen. τρηχέης, dat. τρηχέῃ (imperfectly preserved in codd.; in Hdt. 4.23, 9.122, codd. ABCP have τρηχέη, -έην, -έης, RSV have -εῖα, -εῖαν, -είης; for codd. Hp. v. Kühleweinip. lxxxvi); τρηχείην (before conson.) Simon. 89 codd., A.R. 2.375 codd.; τρηχείης (as pr. n.) Hippon. 47; gen. pl. neut. ἐρίων.. τρηχείων GDI 5633.14 (Teos); dual in Trag. τραχεῖ, Ion Trag.67:

jagged, λίθος Il. 5.308; χαλινοί, opp. λεῖοι, X. Eq. 9.9, cf. 10.6; τ. καὶ γωνιοειδής Thphr. Sens. 65; prickly, ἄκανθαι, ἄκανθα, Plu. 2.32e, 138d (both Sup.); rugged, ἀκτή, ἀταρπός, Od. 5.425, 14.1; as epith. of Ithaca, 9.27, 10.417; so γῆ λιθώδης καὶ τρηχέα Hdt. 4.23; Χερσονήσου τῆς Τρηχέης καλεομένης, of the Crimea, ib. 99; and freq. in Trag. and Att. of rocky districts, A. Pr. 726, E. Fr. 1083; τὰ τραχέα, τὰ τραχύτατα, X. Cyn. 4.10, Plu. Flam. 4; τ. καὶ χαλεπὴ ὁδός Pl. R. 328e; also, rough, γλῶσσα Hp. Morb. 2.63; ἔρια GDI l. c., PCair.Zen. 287.2 (iii B. C.); σφόγγοι ib. 12.56 (iii B. C.); χῆμαι ib. 82.12 (iii B. C.); σινδόνες (towels, opp. μαλακαί) Gal. 6.418; χερσὶ μὴ πάνυ μαλακαῖς, ὥσπερ αὖ μηδὲ τραχείαις, ἀνατρίβειν τὸ σῶμα ib.417; τὰ τ. κατὰ τὰς ἀνωμαλίας ἀλλήλοις ἐμπλεκόμενα ἑνοῦται, τὰ δὲ λεῖα κτλ. Diocl.Fr. 26; βλέφαρα Sor. 2.16, PTeb. 273 intr. (ii/iii A. D.); shaggy, τὰ κάτωθεν τ. καὶ τραγοειδής, of Pan, Pl. Cra. 408d, cf. 420e; λάσιον καὶ τ. [τὸ κέαρ].. ἔχοντες Id. Tht. 194e; τ. σώματα, opp. λεῖα, X. Mem. 3.10.1; of the voice, harsh, Pl. Ti. 67c, etc.; esp. of the voice of boys, when it breaks, μεταβάλλειν ἐπὶ τὸ -ύτερον Arist. HA 581a18; τὸ τ. τῆς φωνῆς Plu. Ma 14; and of a person, τῇ φωνῇ τ. X. An. 2.6.9; also τραχυτάτη γλῶσσα (cf. τραχύστομος) Str. 14.2.28; of sounds and their combinations, harsh, opp. λεῖος, σύνθεσις, διάλεκτος, Phld. Po.Herc. 994.32,36: on τραχεῖα ἀρτηρία, v. ἀρτηρία.

2. of battle and conflict, ὑσμίνη Hes. Sc. 119; νιφὰς πολέμοιο Pi. I. 4(3).17(35), cf. Simon. 89; φάλαγγες Tyrt. 12.22.

3. of natural forces, ῥόθιον A. Pr. 1048 (anap.); -ύτερα τὰ νοσήματα ἀπεργάζεσθαι Pl. Ti. 84c; of a river, Plu. Alex. 60, etc.; ἄελλαι A.R. 1.1078.

4. of persons, their acts, feelings, or conditions, rough, harsh, savage, τ. ἔφεδρος Pi. N. 4.96; οὐ τ. εἰμι καταθέμεν I am not niggardly in paying, ib. 7.76; Ἡσυχία Id. P. 8.10; ἅπας δὲ τ. ὅστις ἂν νέον κρατῇ A. Pr. 35, cf. 188 (anap.), 326; δικαστὴς τ. εἶ Id. Ag. 1421; τ. γε.. δῆμος Id. Th. 1049; τ. καὶ τεθηγμένους λόγους Id. Pr. 313; τ. ὀργή E. Med. 447; λεῖον καὶ τ. πάθημα Pl. Ti. 63e; νόμοι τραχύτατοι Id. Lg. 864c; τὸ τ. τοῦ ἤθους, τοῦ νόμου, Id. Cra. 406a, R. 452c; -ύτερα πράγματα Isoc. 7.18; εὐνομίη τραχέα λειαίνει smooths the rough places, Sol. 4.35.

II Adv. τρᾱχέως, Ion. τρηχέως, rare in the literal sense, roughly, τ. ὑλακτεῖν Plu. Arat. 8; neut. as Adv., τρηχὺ φωνῇ ἠπείλει Theoc. 25.74; θάλασσα τραχὺ βοᾷ AP 5.179 (Mel.).

2. of men's acts, τρηχέως περιέπειν τινά handle roughly, Hdt. 1.73, 114; τραχέως ἔχειν to be rough, harshly disposed, Isoc. 3.33; τινι D. 19.45; -ύτερον ἄρχειν Isoc. 3.55; τ. ἀποκρίνεσθαι Plu. Phoc. 21, etc.; τ. φέρειν take hardly, Id. Lys. 15; rarely τραχυτέρως, Pl. Clit. 406a; περιέφθησαν τρηχύτατα Hdt. 6.15. (Prob. cogn. with θράσσω, cf. ἐνθράσσω.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τραχύς, τραχεῖα, τραχυ, from Homer down, rough: ὁδοί, Luke 3:5; τόποι, rocky places (in the sea), Acts 27:29.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τραχύς , -εῖα , - ,

[in LXX: Isaiah 40:4 (H7406), etc.;]

rough: ὁδοί (Is, l.c.), Luke 3:5 (LXX); τοποί (i.e. rocky), Acts 27:29.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This compd. adv. (cf. ἐπέκεινα), ";beyond yonder,"; is found only in 2 Corinthians 10:16 and eccles. writers. For the form see Blass-Debrunner § 116. 3.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
τραχεία τραχειαι τραχείαι τραχεῖαι τραχείαν τραχείας τραχεις τραχείς τραχεῖς tracheiai tracheîai tracheis tracheîs
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 12th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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