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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #531 - ἀπαράβατος

Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle) and a derivative of (3845)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. unviolated, not to be violated, inviolable
  2. unchangeable and therefore not liable to pass to a successor
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπαρά-βᾰτος, ον,

1. unalterable, εἱρμὸς αἰτιῶν Stoic. 2.266; ἐπιπλοκή, of causation, Chrysipp.ib.293; τάξις Plu. 2.410f; ἡ τῆς κινήσεως ἰδέα Ocell. 1.15; infallible, προρρήσεις Iamb. VP 28.135, cf. Philum. Ven. 4.14; also of persons, Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).215. Adv. -τως Chrysippsipp. Stoic. 2.279.

2. inviolable, κύρια καὶ ἀ. PRyl. 65.18 (i B.C.), cf. PGrenf. 1.60.7 (vi A.D.).

3. permanent, perpetual, ἱερωσύνη Hebrews 7:24.

4. Act., not transgressing, J. AJ 18.8.2; ἀ. τῶν καθηκόντων Hierocl. in CA 10p.435M. Adv. -τως Arr. Epict. 2.15.1.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀπαράβατος, ἀπαράβατον (παραβαίνω), from the phrase παραβαίνειν νόμον to transgress i. e. to violate, signifying either unviolated, or not to be violated, inviolable: ἱερωσύνη unchangeable and therefore not liable to pass to a successor, Hebrews 7:24; cf. Bleek and Delitzsch at the passage(A later word, cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 313; in Josephus, Plutarch, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*† -παρά -βατος , -ον

(< παραβαίνω ),

inviolable, and so unchangeable: Hebrews 7:24 (v. Westc., in l; Cremer, 653; MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Ryl II. 65.18 (B.C. 67?—in any case Ptol.) a judgement ends with καὶ τἄλλα τὰ δι᾽ αὐτῆ [ς δι ]ωρισμένα μένειν κύρια καὶ ἀπαράβατα, ";valid and inviolate"; (Edd.). The legal formula, thus established for an early period, survives six centuries later in P Grenf I. 60.7 (A.D. 581) ἀπαραβάτῳ πράσει : ";inviolable"; must be the sense, though the words follow a hiatus. Another example, also vi/A.D., is in P Lond 1015.12 (= III. p. 257) ἄτρωτα καὶ ἀσάλευτα καὶ ἀπαράβατα [ . . . , a contract for the surrender of property. See also P Catt rectov. 19 (ii/A.D.) (= Chrest. II. p. 422) ἔνια ἀπαράβατά ἐστιν, ";es gibt Dinge, an denen sich nichts ändern lässt"; (Ed.). It is clear that the technical use, compared with the late literary (ap. Lobeck Phryn. p. 313), constitutes a very strong case against the rendering ";not transferable";. Phrynichus himself prescribed ἀπαραίτητος : what sense that would have made in Hebrews 7:24 passes comprehension. Vettius Valens has the adverb five times (see index), always as ";validly"; or ";inevitably."; It occurs in P Strass I. 40.23 (A.D. 569), rendered ";unverbrüchlich"; (Ed.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απαραβατον απαράβατον ἀπαράβατον απαραλλάκτως aparabaton aparábaton
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 25th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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