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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5346 - φημί

Transliteration
phēmí
Phonetics
fay-mee'  
Word Origin
properly, the same as the base of (5457) and (5316)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to make known one's thoughts, to declare
  2. to say
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  5001 ‑ נָאַם (naw‑am');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (58) NAS (67) HCS (62)
Matthew 15
Mark 1
Luke 5
John 2
Acts 26
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
Matthew 17
Mark 6
Luke 7
John 3
Acts 24
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
Matthew 15
Mark 6
Luke 6
John 3
Acts 24
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-IAI-3S 40
V-PAI-1S 4
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 14
V-API-3S 1
V-IAI-3S 31
V-PAI-1S 4
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 19
V-IAI-3S 39
V-PAI-1S 4
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 14
NA WH
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 2
V-IAI-3S 45
V-PAI-1S 4
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 18


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φημί, φῄς, φηις PCair.Zen. 316.1 (iii B. C.), PSI 7.846.7 (Pap. of Ar. (?), ii/iii A. D.), cf. Hdn.Gr.2.147, 419; φησί (apocop. φή Anacr. 40); pl. φᾰμέν, φᾰτέ, φᾱσί; Dor. φᾱμί, φᾱσί or φᾱτί (Ar. Ach. 771, Anon. in PSI 9.1091.11, 18), 3 pl. φαντί; Aeol. φᾶμι Sapph. 32, 2 sg. φαῖσθα Alc. Supp. 20.6, 3 sg. φαῖσι ib.26.5, Sapph. 66, 3 pl. φαῖσι Sapph. Supp. 5.2: aor. 2 ἔφην, φῆν Il. 18.326; ἔφησθα 1.397, al., Ar. Lys. 132, X. An. 1.6.7, Pl. Cra. 438a, Aeschin. 3.164, etc. (rarely ἔφης Il. 22.280, X. Cyr. 4.1.23), φῆσθα Il. 21.186, Od. 14.149 (v.l. φῇσθα), φῆς Il. 5.473, Od. 7.239 (v.l.); ἔφη, φῆ, Dor. φᾶ Pi. I. 2.11; 1 pl. ἔφᾰμεν Isoc. 3.26 (ἔφημεν A.D. Adv. 184.7, Gal. 1.158, Papp. 524.16, Choerob. in Theod. 2.341 H.); 2 pl. ἔφᾰτε And. 2.25; 3 pl. ἔφασαν, φάσαν Il. 2.278, also ἔφᾰν, φάν, 3.161, 6.108; imper. φαθί (on the accent v. Hdn.Gr. 1.431, al., A.D. Synt. 264.4; φάθι is found in codd. of Pl. Grg. 475e, al.); subj. φῶ, φῇς, φῇ, φῇσιν Od. 1.168, φήῃ 11.128, 23.275; Dor. 3 pl. subj. φᾶντι Tab.Heracl. 1.116; opt. φαίην, 1 pl. φαῖμεν Il. 2.81, 24.222, Pi. N. 7.87, 3 pl. φαῖεν Th. 3.68, etc.; inf. φάναι, Hdt. 1.27, etc., poet. φάμεν Pi. N. 8.19; part. φάς Il. 9.35, Hdt. 1.63, 141, SIG 279.18 (Zeleia, iv B. C.), φᾶσα Hdt. 6.135, pl. φάντες Il. 3.44, 14.126, Pl. Alc. 2.139b: fut. φήσω, Dor. φασῶ Ar. Ach. 739, etc.; 1 pl. φασοῦμες Diotog. ap. Stob. 4.1.133: aor. 1 ἔφησα Cratin. in PSI 11.1212.9, Hdt. 3.153, PCair.Zen. 19.3 (iii B. C.) (ἔφασεν is dub. ib. 140.7); Dor. 3 sg. φᾶσε Pi. N. 1.66; 2 sg. subj. (Dor.) φάσῃς [ ] Simon. 32 (φήσῃς etc. codd. Stob., corr. Bgk.); opt. φήσειε Hdt. 6.69, A. Pr. 503, part. φήσας X. Mem. 3.11.1, Isoc. 12.239, inf. φῆσαι Thphr. Char. 2.7: Med. (chiefly poet. in early writers), impf. and aor. 2 ἐφάμην, ἔφατο (also SIG 437.6 (Delph., iii B. C.), PCair.Zen. 343.8 (iii B. C.), PSI 4.437.8 (iii B. C.), Parth. 4.5, etc.), φάτο Il. 20.262, φάσθε Od. 6.200, 10.562, ἔφαντο, φάντο 24.460; imper. φάο 16.168, 18.171, φάσθω, φάσθε; inf. φάσθαι; part. φάμενος (also Archim. Spir. Prooem., Eratosth.Prooem., SIG 364.83 (Ephesus, iii B. C.), PCair.Zen. 236.4 (iii B. C.), PHamb. 4.14 (i A. D.), J. AJ 17.12.2, Gal. 6.228, etc.): Dor. fut. φάσομαι [ ] Pi. N. 9.43: Pass., pf. 3 sg. πέφαται A.R. 2.500; 3 sg. imper. πεφάσθω Pl. Ti. 72d; but part. πεφασμένος Il. 14.127, A. Pr. 843 shd. be referred to φαίνω: aor. ἐφάθην (ἀπ-, κατ-) Arist. Int. 18b39. The pres. indic. φημί is enclit., exc. in 2 sg. pres. φῄς: φαμέν is 1 pl. pres., φάμεν poet. inf.: φαντί is 3 pl., φάντι part.

II φάσκω supplied all moods of pres. except the indic., also impf. ἔφασκον; cf. ἠμί. [ , except in φᾱσι, and in masc. and fem. part. φάς, φᾶσα: in inf. φάναι ᾰ always; φᾶναι is corrupt in Eub. 119.11 codd. Ath. ]: say, affirm, assert, either abs., or folld. by inf., e. g. Λυσίθευς Μικίωνα φιλῖν (= -εῖν) φησι IG 12.924, cf. 57.48, or acc. et inf.; the inf. is freq. omitted, σὲ κακὸν καὶ ἀνάλκιδα φήσει (sc. εἶναι) Il. 8.153; also Κορινθίους τί φῶμεν; what shall we say of them? X. HG 3.5.12; φ. πρός τινα, πρὸς ξεῖνον φάσθαι ἔπος ἠδ' ἐπακοῦσαι Od. 17.584: less freq. c. dat., αὐτοῖς Matthew 13:28; κατά τινος φ. to speak against him, X. Ap. 25: sts. folld. by ὡς, Lys. 7.19, v.l. in X. HG 6.3.7; by ὅτι, Pl. Grg. 487d, Corn. ND 30; by an interrog. clause, μή ποτε φάσῃς ὅ τι γίνεται αὔριον Simon. l.c.; by part., dub. in Pl. Grg. 481c (fort. leg. θῶμεν); also parenthetic, τίνες, φῄς, ἦσαν οἱ λόγοι; Pl. Phd. 59c. since what one says commonly expresses a belief or opinion, think, deem, suppose, φῆ γὰρ ὅ γ' αἱρήσειν Πριάμου πόλιν Il. 2.37; φαίης κε ζάκοτόν τέ τιν' ἔμμεναι ἄφρονά τε you would say, would think, he was.., 3.220; ἶσον ἐμοὶ φάσθαι to say he is (i. e. fancy himself) equal to me, 1.187, 15.167; μὴ.. φαθὶ λεύσσειν think not that you see, Theoc. 22.56; τί φῄς; what say you? i.e. what think you? (v. infr. 11.5); λέγ' ἀνύσας ὅ τι φῄς Ar. Pl. 349: so φ. δεῖν, φ. χρῆναι, deem it right, And. 3.34, Isoc. 3.48. say, i.e. write, of an author, ὡς ἔφημεν Gal. 1.158, etc. The Med. has all these senses as well as the Act. II Special Phrases: 1 φασί, they say, it is said, Il. 5.638, Od. 6.42, etc.; parenthetically, Arist. EN 1109a35, Men. Epit. 223, etc.: Prose writers use φησί when quoting, D. 23.89, etc.; φησίν saith He 1 Corinthians 6:16; esp. of an opponent's objection, Plu. 2.112c; even after a plural, ὅ τοίνυν μέγιστον ἔχειν οἴονται.. καὶ αὐτός, φησί, τῶν εἰσιόντων ἦσθα Lib. Or. 52.39; "" τὸν δὲ μετ' εἰσενόησα, ἔφη Ὅμηρος as H. said, Pl. Prt. 315b.

2. joined with a synon. Verb, ἔφη λέγων, ἔφησε λέγων, Hdt. 3.156, 6.137, etc.; ἔλεγε φάς Id. 1.122; λέγει οὐδέν, φαμένη.. Id. 2.22; τί ἐροῦμεν ἢ τί φήσομεν; D. 8.37, cf. 25.100; τί φῶ; τί λέξω; E. Hel. 483.

3. in repeating dialogues the Verb commonly goes before its subject, ἔφην ἐγώ, ἔφη ὁ Σωκράτης, said I, said S., but the order is sts. inverted, ἐγὼ ἔφην, ὁ Σωκράτης ἔφη, I said, S. said.

4. inserted parenthetically, though the sentence has been introduced by λέγει, εἶπεν, etc., ὁ Ἰσχόμαχος.. εἶπεν· ἀλλὰ παίζεις μὲν σύ γε, ἔφη X. Oec. 17.10, cf. Pl. Chrm. 164e; ἡ κρίσις.. διαρρήδην λέγει διότι, φησίν, ἔδοξε τἀληθῆ εἰσαγγεῖλαι Lys. 13.50.

5. τί φημί; S. OT 1471, and τί φῄς; Ph. 804, E. Hel. 706 (dub.), are used extra metrum, as exclamations.

6. κυριώτατα φάναι, in parenthesis, strictly speaking, Ph. 2.374; ὡς οὕτω φάναι, = ὡς εἰπεῖν, ἅπασαι ὡς οὕτω φάναι practically all, Gal. Vict.Att. 9; συνελόντα (v.l. -όντι) φάναι, = συνελόντι εἰπεῖν, Id. 16.502.

7. Οἰδίπουν.. ἂν μόνον φῶ if I only mention Oedipus, Antiph. 191.6, cf. Pl. Cra. 411a, 435a. III like κατάφημι, say yes, affirm, assert, καὶ τοὺς φάναι and they said yes, Hdt. 8.88; καί φημι κἀπόφημι S. OC 317; ἔγωγέ φημι Pl. Grg. 526c; φάναι τε καὶ ἀπαρνεῖσθαι Id. Tht. 165a: c. inf., φῂς ἢ καταρνεῖ μὴ δεδρακέναι τάδε; S. Ant. 442; but οὔ φημι means say no, deny, refuse, c. inf., ἡ Πυθίη οὐκ ἔφη χρήσειν said she would not.., Hdt. 1.19, cf. 8.2; οὐκ ἔφασαν ἐπιτρέψαι Lys. 13.15, 47 (leg. -τρέψειν): c. acc. et inf., οὔ φημ' Ὀρέστην σ' ἐνδίκως ἀνδρηλατεῖν A. Eu. 221, cf. Hdt. 2.63: abs., κἂν μὲν μὴ φῇ if he says no, Ar. Av. 555 (anap.); ἢ φάθι ἢ μὴ ἃ ἐρωτῶ answer me yes or no, Pl. Grg. 475e; so in answers, φημί or οὕτως φημί yes, Id. Phdr. 270c, al., Grg. 500e; οὐκ ἔφη he said no, Id. Phd. 118a. In this sense Att. writers, besides pres., mostly use fut. φήσω and aor. ἔφησα, but in impf., inf., and part. pres., to avoid ambiguity, they prefer ἔφασκον, φάσκειν, φάσκων (v. φάσκω): φάναι is distd. fr. φάσκειν, e.g. ἔφη σπουδάζειν he said he was in haste, ἔφασκε σπουδάζειν he alleged he was in haste; but ἔφησθα is found in this sense, X. An. 1.6.7. command, order, ἔφην τῷ Ὀρθοβούλῳ ἐξαλεῖψαί με Lys. 16.13 (so ἔφασαν, v. l. for ἔφρασαν in X. Cyr. 4.6.11).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φημί; imperfect ἔφην; (from φάω, to bring forth into the light (cf. Curtius, § 407)); hence (from Homer down) properly, to make known one's thoughts, to declare; to say: ἔφη, he said (once on a time), Matthew 26:61; historical writers, in quoting the words of anyone, prefix φησίν, ἔφη (Latinait, inquit): Luke 22:58; Acts 8:36, and often: φησίν and ἔφη are used of a person replying, Matthew 13:29; Luke 7:40; John 1:23; John 9:38; Acts 7:2, etc.; of one who asks a question, Matthew 27:23; Acts 16:30; Acts 21:37; ἔφη μεγάλη τῇ φωνή, Acts 26:24; ἀποκριθείς ἔφη, Matthew 8:8; (φησίν is interjected into the recorded speech of another (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 61, 6), Matthew 14:8; Acts 25:5, 22; Acts 26:25; also ἔφη, Acts 23:35; φησίν, like the Latinait, inquit, is employed especially in the later Greek usage with an indefinite subject (`impersonally') (cf.man sagt, on dit, they say) (inserted in a sentence containing the words of another (cf. Winer's Grammar, as above)): 2 Corinthians 10:10 where L Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading φασίν (cf. Passow, ii, p. 2238a; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 1); Buttmann, § 129, 19; (Winer's Grammar, § 58, 9{b}. β.; § 64, 3)). φησίν namely, Θεός, 1 Corinthians 6:16 (here Lachmann brackets φησίν); Hebrews 8:5; (Winer's Grammar, 522 (486f)). The constructions of the verb are the following: ἔφη αὐτῷ, αὐτοῖς, he replied to him, to them, Matthew 4:7; Matthew 13:28; Matthew 21:27, etc.; Mark ( T Tr text WH); ; Luke 7:44; Acts 26:32; ἀποκριθείς αὐτῷ ἔφη, Luke 23:3; ἔφη πρός τινα, Luke 22:70; Acts 10:28; Acts 16:37; Acts 26:1; with an accusative of the thing, 1 Corinthians 10:15, 19; followed by ὅτι, 1 Corinthians 10:19; τοῦτο etc. ὅτι, 1 Corinthians 7:29 (Rec.bez elz; others omit ὅτι); 1 Corinthians 15:50; followed by an accusative with an infinitive, Romans 3:8. (On its alleged omission, see Winer's Grammar, § 64, 7 a. Compare: σύμφημι.)

STRONGS NT 5346a: φημίζω φημίζω: 1 aorist passive 3 person singular ἐφημισθη; especially frequent in the poets from Hesiod down; to spread a report, to disseminate by report: Matthew 28:15 T WH marginal reading (after manuscripts א, Delta, 33, etc.) for διαφημίζω, which see

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φημί ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5001, also for H559; freq. in 2-4 Mac;]

to declare, say: freq. in quoting the words of another, Matthew 13:29; Matthew 26:61, Luke 7:40; Luke 22:58, John 1:23, al.; interjected into the recorded words (cl.), Matthew 14:8, Acts 23:35, al.; φησί , impersonal (Bl., § 30, 4), 1 Corinthians 6:16 (Lft., Notes, 217; but cf. Bl., l.c.), 2 Corinthians 10:10 (WH, mg., φασίν ), Hebrews 8:5; joined with syn. verb (cf. LS, s.v., II, 2), ἀποκριθεὶς αὐτῷ ἔφη , Luke 23:3; seq. -πρός , Luke 22:70, al.; c. acc rei, 1 Corinthians 10:15; 1 Corinthians 10:19; acc et inf., Romans 3:8; seq. ὅτι (Bl., § 70, 3), 1 Corinthians 10:19; 1 Corinthians 15:50 (cf. σύν -φημι ).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In Rom. 1:26.f φυσικός ";natural,"; ";according to nature,"; as opp. to παρὰ φύσιν, ";against nature"; : cf. P Lips I. 28.18 (A.D. 381) ὅνπερ θρέψω καὶ ἱματίζω εὐγενῶς καὶ γνησίως ὡς υἱὸν γνήσιον καὶ φυσικὸν ὡς ἐξ ἐ [μ ]οῦ γενο ̣μενον, in a deed of adoption. In 2Pe. 2:12 Mayor renders γεγεννημένα φυσικά ";born creatures of instinct,"; as against RV ";born mere animals."; Cf. also Aristeas 171 τὴν σεμνότητα καὶ φυσικὴν διάνοιαν τοῦ νόμου = ";the sanctity and natural (or inward) meaning of the Law"; according to Thackeray, who however pronounces the exact sense ";uncertain.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εἶπεν εφη έφη ἔφη έφης φάμενος φασί φασιν φασίν φημι φημί φησι φησί φησιν φησίν eipen eîpen ephe ephē éphe éphē phasin phasín phemi phemí phēmi phēmí phesin phesín phēsin phēsín
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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