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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5457 - φῶς

Transliteration
phōs
Phonetics
foce
Origin
from an obsolete phao (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays, cf (G5316), (G5346))
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
9:310,1293
Definition
Thayer's
  1. light
    1. the light
      1. emitted by a lamp
      2. a heavenly light such as surrounds angels when they appear on earth
    2. anything emitting light
      1. a star
      2. fire because it is light and sheds light
      3. a lamp or torch
    3. light, i.e brightness
      1. of a lamp
  2. metaph.
    1. God is light because light has the extremely delicate, subtle, pure, brilliant quality
    2. of truth and its knowledge, together with the spiritual purity associated with it
    3. that which is exposed to the view of all, openly, publicly
    4. reason, mind
      1. the power of understanding esp. moral and spiritual truth
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 216 ‑ אוֹר (ore);  5043 ‑ נֶבְרְשָׁה (neb‑reh‑shaw');  5051 ‑ נֹגַהּ (no'‑gah);  5094 ‑ נְהִיר (neh‑heere', neh‑hee‑roo');  5216 ‑ נֵרָה (neer, neer, nare, nare, nay‑raw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (70)
Matthew
7
Mark
1
Luke
6
John
23
Acts
10
Romans
2
2 Corinthians
3
Ephesians
4
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
1 John
6
Revelation
3
NAS (72)
Matthew
7
Mark
1
Luke
6
John
23
Acts
10
Romans
2
2 Corinthians
3
Ephesians
5
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
1 John
6
Revelation
4
HCS (73)
Matthew
7
Mark
1
Luke
7
John
23
Acts
10
Romans
2
2 Corinthians
3
Ephesians
5
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
1 John
6
Revelation
4
BSB (72)
Matthew
7
Mark
1
Luke
6
John
23
Acts
10
Romans
2
2 Corinthians
3
Ephesians
5
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
1 John
6
Revelation
4
ESV (63)
Matthew
7
Mark
1
Luke
6
John
17
Acts
10
Romans
2
2 Corinthians
3
Ephesians
4
Colossians
1
1 Timothy
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
1 John
6
Revelation
3
WEB (69)
Matthew
7
Mark
1
Luke
6
John
21
Acts
10
Romans
2
2 Corinthians
3
Ephesians
4
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
1 John
7
Revelation
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φῶς,

contr. for φάος,

light (q.v.). φῴς, ἡ, pl. φῷδες, contr. from φωΐς (q.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φῶς

(Att.. contr. from φάος ; <φάω ), gen., φωτός , τό ,

[in LXX chiefly for H216;]

light (opp. to τὸ σκότος , ἡ σκοτία ): Matthew 17:2; Matthew 17:5, John 11:9-10, 2 Corinthians 4:6; ἡλίου , Revelation 22:5; of a lamp, Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33, John 5:35, Revelation 18:23; of a supernatural heavenly light, Acts 9:3; Acts 12:7; Acts 22:6; Acts 22:9; Acts 22:11; Acts 26:13; hence, ἄγγελος φωτός , 2 Corinthians 11:14; ὁ κλήρος τ . ἁγίων ἐν τ . φ ., Colossians 1:12; of the divine glory, Revelation 21:24; by meton., of that which gives light: of fire, Mark 14:54, Luke 22:56 (cl.; 1 Maccabees 12:29; cf. DCG, i, 595; pl., of a lamp or torch, Acts 16:29; of heavenly bodies, James 1:17.

Metaph.,

(a) of God: 1 John 1:5; 1 John 1:7; φῶς οἰκῶν ἀπρόσιτον , 1 Timothy 6:16;

(b) of spiritual truth and its effects on the lives of men: Matthew 4:16; Matthew 5:16, John 1:4-5; John 3:19-21, Acts 26:18; Acts 26:23, 2 Corinthians 6:14, Ephesians 5:13, 1 Peter 2:9, 1 John 2:8; τ . φ . τ . ζωῆς , John 8:12; τ . ὅπλα τοῦ φ ., Romans 13:12; καρπὸς τοῦ φ ., Ephesians 5:9; έν τ . φ . περιπατεῖν (εἶναι , μένειν ), 1 John 1:7; 1 John 2:9-10; υἱοὶ (τέκνα ) τοῦ φ ., Luke 16:8, John 12:36, Ephesians 5:8, 1 Thessalonians 5:5; by meton., of one from whom truth shines forth: Acts 13:47 (LXX), Romans 2:19; esp. of Christ, Luke 2:32, John 1:7-8; John 12:35-36; John 12:46; τ . φ . τ . κόσμου , John 8:12; John 9:5;τ . φ . τ . ἀληθινόν , John 1:9; of Christians, Matthew 5:14, Ephesians 5:8;

(c) of the spiritual understanding: τ . φ . τὸ ἐν σοί , Matthew 6:23, Luke 11:35;

(d) adverbially, of that which is open to view (opp. to ἐν τ . σκοτίᾳ ): ἐν τ . φ ., Matthew 10:27, Luke 12:3.†

SYN.: see φέγγος G5338.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";gold."; For the aurum corsnarium cf. Ostr 675.2 (ii/iii A.D.) ὑπ (ὲρ) στεφ (άνου) χ (ρυσοῦ) β ̄ (δραχμάς), and similarly ib. 683.4 al. and see Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 299 f.

The various epithets applied to χρυσός are seen in such passages as CPR I. 12.6 (A.D. 93) χρυσοῦ δοκιμίου, ";gold of full value,"; similarly ib. 24.5 (A.D. 136), P Oxy VI. 905.5 (A.D. 170) χρυσοῦ μὲν κοινοῦ, ";common gold,"; similarly ib. X. 1273.6, .17 (A.D. 260), and ib. VIII, 1121.19 (A.D. 295) χρυσῷ οὐκ ὀλίγῳ, ";a considerable amount of gold.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φως φῶς φωτα φώτα φῶτα φωτι φωτί φωτὶ φωτος φωτός φωτὸς φωτων φώτων phos phôs phōs phō̂s phota phôta phōta phō̂ta photi photí photì phōti phōtí phōtì photon phōtōn phṓton phṓtōn photos photós photòs phōtos phōtós phōtòs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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