Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5355 - φθόνος

Transliteration
phthónos
Phonetics
fthon'-os
Origin
probably akin to the base of (G5351)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. envy
  2. for envy, i.e. prompted by envy
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (9)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Romans
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
NAS (9)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Romans
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
HCS (9)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Romans
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
BSB (9)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Romans
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
ESV (8)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Romans
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
WEB (9)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Romans
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φθόνος, ὁ,

ill-will or malice, esp. envy or jealousy of the good fortune of others (Pl. Def. 416b, Arist. Rh. 1387b22), Pi. O. 8.55, etc.; φθόνῳ through envy, Hdt. 3.30, 9.71; opp. εὔνοια, Pl. Lg. 635b; opp. ἔπαινος, Lys. 24.1; ἴσχει ὄλβος φθόνον incurs envy, Pi. P. 11.29, cf. Isoc. 5.68; φθόνον πρὸς ἀστῶν ἀλφάνουσι E. Med. 297; φθόνῳ χρῆσθαι πρὸς τὰ παιδικά Pl. Phdr. 253b; κρέσσων οἰκτιρμοῦ φθόνος better to be envied than pitied ! Pi. P. 1.85, cf. And. 2.6; πρὸς γὰρ τὸν ἔχονθ' ὁ φ. ἕρπει S. Aj. 157 (anap.), cf. OT 382; ἐς τἀπίσημα δ' ὁ φ. πηδᾶν φιλεῖ E. Fr. 294; φ. συνεστιώμενος, of wealth, Secund. Sent. 9; φ. [ἐστὶ] τοῖς ζῶσι πρὸς τὸ ἀντίπαλον Th. 2.45; κατὰ φθόνον A. Eu. 686, Pl. Grg. 457d; σὺν φθόνῳ E. Andr. 780 (lyr.); διὰ φθόνον Philippians 1:15 : c. gen. objecti, envy for, jealousy of, τῶν πεπραγμένων Lys. 2.48; φθόνον δὲ σωμάτων ἕξει θεός i.e. will grudge, deny, A. Pr. 859: c. gen. subj., envy or jealousy felt by another, Pl. Hp.Ma. 282a; also φ. ἐφ' ἑτέροις Plu. 2.39e, etc.; εἴς τινα AP 6.257 (Antiphil.); πρός τινα Luc. Rh. Proverbs 22:1-29 : pl., envyings, jealousies, heartburnings, Isoc. 15.163, Pl. Lg. 679c, 801e, etc. a cause for indignation, a reproach, ἀποκτείνειν φθόνος [ἐστὶ] γυναῖκας E. Hec. 288.

2. esp. jealousy of the gods (cf. φθονερός 1.2), θεῶν φ. A. Pers. 362, Ag. 947; φ. μὴ γένοιτό τις θεῶν E. Alc. 1135: hence abs., τὸν φ. δὲ πρόσκυσον S. Ph. 776; εὐλαβούμενος φθόνον D. 18.305.

II refusal from feelings of ill-will or envy, grudging, φθόνος μὲν οὐδεὶς.. A. Pr. 628; οὐδεὶς φ. or φ. οὐδείς, c. inf., said in granting a request willingly, ἃ τυγχάνω ἀκηκοώς, φ. οὐδεὶς λέγειν Pl. Phd. 61d; οὐδεὶς.. φ. αὐτῷ διελθεῖν αὐτά Id. Sph. 217a, cf. b. Lg. 641d, 664a.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** φθόνος , -ου , ,

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 2:24; Wisdom of Solomon 6:23, 1 Maccabees 8:16, 3 Maccabees 6:7 *;]

envy: Romans 1:29, Galatians 5:21, 1 Timothy 6:4, Titus 3:3, 1 Peter 2:1; διὰ φθόνον , Matthew 27:18, Mark 15:10, Philippians 1:15; πρὸς φθόνον ἐπιποθεῖ τ . πνεῦμα (on the meaning, v. R, txt., mg. 1, 2; Hort, Ja., 93 f.), James 4:5.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";cry out,"; ";shout"; : cf. BGU III. 925.8 (iii/A.D.) μετὰ τὴ <ν > [ ]ν [άγ ]ν [ωσιν ] ἡ βουλὴ ἐφώνησεν · Ἔλλειμμά ἐστιν. . . , and P Oxy XVII. 2110.6 (A.D. 370) οἱ βουλευταὶ ἐφώνησαν · κύριον τὸ κατὰ κῆραν, ";The senators cried,‘ What is on the tablet is valid’"; (Ed.).The word, which is used of the ";crowing"; of a cock in Mat. 26:34 al., gives place to κοκκύζω in the new Rainer fragment (Mittheilungen aus der Sammlung der Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer, i. p.53 ff., ii.p. 411. : cf. Milligan Here and There, p. 123 ff. ).

From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 737 (= .3 1109).108 (after A.D. 178) μηδεὶς δ᾽ ἔπος φωνείτω, and for the meaning ";address"; followed by a nom. of the title, as in Joh. 13:13, see Blass-Debrunner §§ 143, 147.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φθονοι φθόνοι φθονον φθόνον φθονος φθόνος φθονου φθόνου φθονους φθόνους φθονω φθόνω φθόνῳ phthono phthonō phthonoi phthónoi phthónōi phthonon phthónon phthonos phthónos phthonou phthónou phthonous phthónous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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