Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5351 - φθείρω

Transliteration
phtheírō
Phonetics
fthi'-ro
Origin
probably strengthened from phthio (to pine or waste)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
9:93,1259
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to corrupt, to destroy
    1. in the opinion of the Jews, the temple was corrupted or "destroyed" when anyone defiled or in the slightest degree damaged anything in it, or if its guardians neglected their duties
    2. to lead away a Christian church from that state of knowledge and holiness in which it ought to abide
    3. to be destroyed, to perish
    4. in an ethical sense, to corrupt, deprave
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1238 ‑ בָּקַק (baw‑kah');  2254 ‑ חָבַל (khaw‑bal');  5034 ‑ נֵבֶל (naw‑bale');  5127 ‑ נוּס (noos);  7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (9)
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
NAS (10)
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
3
Ephesians
1
2 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
HCS (9)
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
2 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
BSB (9)
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
2 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
ESV (7)
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Revelation
1
WEB (8)
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φθείρω,

Aeol. φθέρρω Hdn.Gr. 2.303, al.; Arc. φθήρω IG 5(2).6.17 (Tegea, iv B. C.): Ion. impf. φθείρεσκε (δια-) Hdt. 1.36: fut. φθερῶ X. HG 7.2.11, (δια-) A. Ag. 1266, etc.; Ion. φθερέω (δια-) Hdt. 5.51; φθέρσω (δια-) Il. 13.625: aor. 1 ἔφθειρα A. Pers. 244 (troch.), X. HG 7.2.4; poet. ἔφθερσα Lyc. 1402; Arc. 3 sg. opt. (?) φθέραι IG 5(2).6.8 (Tegea, iv B. C.): pf. ἔφθαρκα Din. 1.64, (δι-) E. Med. 226; Arc. part. ἐφθορκώς IG 5(2).6.10 (Tegea, iv B. C.): Med., fut. φθεροῦμαι (in pass. sense) S. OT 272, E. Andr. 708, Th. 7.48; Ion. φθερέομαι (δια-) Hdt. 8.108 (v.l. δια-φθαρέεται), 9.42 (vv. ll. δια-φθαρέονται, δια-φθορεῦνται); later φθαροῦμαι Archig. ap. Orib. 8.23.5: Pass., fut. φθᾰρήσομαι Hp. VM 13, Arist. Metaph. 1066b30, Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.7U., (δια-) E. Hec. 802, etc., Dor. -ησοῦμαι Ti.Locr. 94d: aor. ἐφθάρην [ ] S. OT 1502, Th. 7.13, Pl. Lg. 708c; poet. 3 pl. ἔφθαρεν Pi. P. 3.36: also part. κατα-φθερείς Epich. 35.13: pf. ἔφθαρμαι S. El. 765, 3 pl. ἐφθάραται Th. 3.13; inf. ἐφθάρθαι Arist. Metaph. 1021b27, (δι-) Isa 9.37, Aeol. ἔφθορθαι Eust. 790.8: plpf. 3 pl. ἐφθάρατο App. BC 3.15, (δι-) Hdt. 8.90. The compd. διαφθείρω is much more freq. than the simple Verb: destroy things, μῆλα κακοὶ φθείρουσι νομῆες Od. 17.246; φ. τῶν Συρίων τοὺς κλήρους waste them, Hdt. 1.76, cf. X. HG 7.2.11, An. 4.7.20; τοὺς θεῶν νόμους S. Aj. 1344; τὰς ναῦς v. l. in Th. 2.91; τὴν πόλιν καὶ νόμους Pl. Lg. 958c, cf. X. Mem. 1.5.3; εὐδαιμονίαν Din. l. c.; ἔμβρυα Dsc. 2.163; τὸ συλληφθέν Sor. 1.60 (also abs., miscarry, ib. 59); τὸν κοινὸν οἶκον Mitteis Chr. 284.11 (ii B. C.):

Pass., to be destroyed, S. Aj. 25, etc.; ἐκ τῶν αὐτῶν καὶ διὰ τῶν αὐτῶν καὶ γίνεται πᾶσα ἀρετὴ καὶ φθείρεται Arist. EN 1103b8; εἰς τὸ μὴ ὂν φ. pass away, cease to be, Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.5U.; δυὰς προσθέσει μονάδος εἰς τριάδα φθείρεται μηκέτι μένουσα δυάς Ph. 2.509; of animals, perish, PStrassb. 24.15 (ii A. D.).

2. of persons, μαψαῦραι... ναύτας φ. destroy them, Hes. Th. 876 (but perh. only Act. of signf. 11.4); στρατόν A. Pers. 244 (troch.), Ag. 652: Pass., Id. Pers. 272, 283 (lyr.); γειτόνων πολλοὶ ἁμᾷ.. ἔφθαρεν Pi. P. 3.36; νόσῳ ἐφθάραται Ἀθηναῖοι Th. 3.13, cf. 7.48; πρόρριζον ἔφθαρται γένος S. El. 765; ἔφθαρμαι I am undone! Men. Her. 13; μὴφθαρῶσιν PMich.Zen. 80.4 (iii B. C.).

3. corrupt, bribe, τινα D.S. 4.73; lure, entice, trap, κημοῖσι πλεκτοῖς πορφύρας φθείρει γένος S. Fr. 504 (s. v. l.); φθείρει γὰρ ἡ πρόνοια τὴν ἀβουλίαν entices to its ruin, entraps, Trag.Adesp. 484 (s. v.l.); pervert, φθείρουσιν ἤθη χρήσθ' ὁμιλίαι κακαί E. Fr. 1024: Pass., v. infr. 11.3. seduce a woman, ὑπὸ τῆς θυγατρὸς ἀδικούμενον καὶ Διονυσίου τοῦ φθείραντος αὐτὴν κιναίδου PEnteux. 26.11 (iii B. C.): Pass., E. Fr. 485, D.Chr. 11.153 (but not Att. acc. to Phryn. 53, Moer.p.103 P.), Artem. 5.17.

4. ruin, spoil, ποσὶν φθείροντα πλοῦτον ἀργυρωνήτους θ' ὑφάς, of one who treads on rich carpets, A. Ag. 949; βαφὰς φθείρουσα τοῦ ποικίλματος, of blood, Id. Ch. 1013; of a poison, ὧνπερ ἂν θίγῃ, φθείρει τὰ πάντα S. Tr. 716; φαρμάκων φθείρειν πεφυκότων τὰ σώματα Gal. 15.541; δούλην (wet-nurse) μὴ φθείρουσαν τὸ γάλα BGU 1058.29 (i B. C.), cf. Sor. 1.88; τοῦ σώματος (sc. τῶν νοσούντων) φθείροντος τὸ θρέψαι δυνάμενον ib. 90, cf. 63, al.

5. τὰ μιγνύμενα τῶν χρωμάτων οἱ βαφεῖς φθείρεσθαι καὶ φθοράν τὴν μῖξιν ὀνομάζουσιν Plu. 2.393c (where μιαίνω 1 is compared).

II Pass. (cf. supr. 1.1, 2),

1 φθείρεσθε (as a curse) may you perish! ruin take you! Il. 21.128, Sannyr. 10; φθείρου as an imprecation, go to the devil! be off! Ar. Ach. 460, Pl. 598, 610 (anap.), E. Fr. 610; ἐκποδὼν ἡμῖν φθείρεσθε Herod. 6.16:c. gen., φθείρεσθε τῆσδε off from her! unhand her, let her go, E. Andr. 715 (so in fut. indic., εἰ μὴ φθερῇ τῆσδ' ὡς τάχιστ' ἀπὸ στέγης if thou dost not depart... ib. 708). with a Pr, φθείρεσθαι πρὸς τοὺς πλουσίους, of hangers-on and flatterers, D. 21.139, cf. Plu. Phoc. 21, Eum. 14, Ant. 24; εἰς ἡδονὰς ἀπὸ.. πόνων Anon. ap. Stob. 4.31.84; ἀκούω σε λυρῳδοῦ γυναικὸς ἐρᾶν καὶ εἰς ἐκείνης φθειρόμενον πᾶσαν τὴν ἐφήμερον ἄγραν κατατίθεσθαι Alciphr. 1.18.

2. Medic., ἡ κοιλίη φθαρήσεται will be deranged, disordered, Hp. VM 13.

3. to be morally corrupted, ἐφθάρη ἡ γῆ ἐναντίον τοῦ θεοῦ LXX Genesis 6:11, cf. Hosea 9:9, al.; ἔστι ἐν Ἀλεξανδρείᾳ σκηνῶν ἐν τοῖς Ἀριστοβούλου φθειρόμενος PCair.Zen. 37.7 (iii B. C.); φθαρεὶς Εὔτυχος ὑπὸ τῆς Ἀρσινόης ib. 620.7 (iii B. C.); but ἐν Σικυωνίαι ἐφθαρμένους is f.l. for ἐν Σικυῶνι διεφθ. (cj. Sintenis) in Plu. Arat. 40.

4. of seafarers, wander, drift (cf. supr. 1.2, πολύφθορος 11.2, φθορά 8), πόσον χρόνον πόντου 'πὶ νώτοις ἅλιον ἐφθείρου πλάνον; E. Hel. 774; ϝαυτίλους ἐφθαρμένους sailors driven out of their course, Id. IT 276; ἱκέτας δέχεσθαι ποντίους ἐφθαρμένους Id. Cyc. 300; of shipwrecked persons, νεῶν (ἐκ νεῶν Elmsl.) φθαρέντες A. Pers. 451; also of travellers or wanderers by land, οὐχ ἕνα νομίζων φθείρεται πόλεως νόμον (v.l. τόπον) E. El. 234; ὁ Μενέλαος χρόνον πολὺν ἐφθείρετο πανταχόσε τῆς Ἐλλάδος D.Chr. 7.95; οὐδὲν δεῖ φθείρεσθαι περιόντα (= περιιόντα) τὴν ἀρχὴν ἅπασαν Aristid. Or. 26(14).33; ἄνω κάτω διαθέοντας τὴν Ἑλλάδα καὶ φθειρομένους Id. 1.420 J.; τῶν μετοίκων τῶν ἐξ Ἑρμιόνης οὐκ οἶδ' ὅπως εἰς Πειραιᾶ φθαρέντων Alciphr. 1.13; μὴ περιΐδῃς ἀγαθοὺς γείτονας εἰς στενὸν τοῦ καιροῦ φθειρομένους ib. 24; [ Ἀλέξανδρον] ὑπὲρ τὸν Ἰνδὸν κτλ. φθειρόμενον Arr. An. 7.4.2; φθαρῆναι εἰς βάρβαρα ἔθνη (ἐν βαρβάροις ἔθνεσι or ἔθεσι codd.) Phalar. 49; φθαρέντων ἐς ἀλλήλους falling foul of one another, App. Praef. 10 (s. v. l.).

5. of women, χέρσους φθαρῆναι pine away in barrenness, S. OT 1502, cf. El. 1181 (unless wander, cf. supr. 11.4). (Cf. Skt. ksárati 'flow', later 'wane, perish', Avest. γζ αρ- and ζ γαρ- 'flow'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φθείρω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7843 hi., pi., also for H2254, etc.;]

to destroy, corrupt, spoil (on the varied usage and distinctive meaning of the word, v. Mayor on 2Pe, App., 175 ff.): c. acc, 1 Corinthians 3:17; 1 Corinthians 15:23, 2 Corinthians 7:2; seq. ἀπό , 2 Corinthians 11:3; ἐν , 2 Peter 2:12, Judges 1:10, Revelation 19:2; κατά , Ephesians 4:22 (cf. δια -, κατα -φθείρω ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

prop, ";a planting,"; as in P Petr II. 32 (2 a).5 (iii/B.C.) ἡμῶν ἐπιδικνυόντων σοι τὴν φυτήαν Θεοδότου, P Tebt 15.204 (B.C. 118) τὴν δὲ φυτείαν ποιεῖσθαι ἀπὸ τοῦ ν ̄β ̄ (ἔτους), BGU IV.1185.21 (B.C. 94–3?) εἰς ἀμπέλου καὶ παραδείσων φυτ [[η εί †]]αν, and P Oxy VII. 1032.19 (A.D. 162) τοὺς δὲ τόπους εἶναι ἐν φυτείᾳ. In its only NT occurrence (Mat. 15:13) the word is used of the thing planted, ";a plant,"; cf. OG1S 606.7 τὰς περὶ αὐτὸν (sc. τὸν ναὸν)] φυτείας πάσας ἐφύ [τευσεν ἐκ τ ]ῶν ἰδίων ἀναλ [ωμάτων.

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†In the print edition the phrase εί is on a separate line directly above the η.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εφθάρη εφθάρησαν εφθειραμεν εφθείραμεν ἐφθείραμεν έφθειρας έφθειρε εφθειρεν ἔφθειρεν φθαρη φθαρή φθαρῇ φθαρήσεται φθαρησονται φθαρήσονται φθείραι φθειρει φθείρει φθειρομενον φθειρόμενον φθειρονται φθείρονται φθειρουσιν φθείρουσιν φθερει φθερεί φθερεῖ φθερείτε φθερώ ephtheiramen ephtheíramen ephtheiren éphtheiren phthare phtharē phtharêi phtharē̂i phtharesontai phtharēsontai phtharḗsontai phtheirei phtheírei phtheiromenon phtheirómenon phtheirontai phtheírontai phtheirousin phtheírousin phtherei phthereî
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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