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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5457 - φῶς
- the light
- emitted by a lamp
- a heavenly light such as surrounds angels when they appear on earth
- anything emitting light
- a star
- fire because it is light and sheds light
- a lamp or torch
- light, i.e brightness
- of a lamp
- the light
- God is light because light has the extremely delicate, subtle, pure, brilliant quality
- of truth and its knowledge, together with the spiritual purity associated with it
- that which is exposed to the view of all, openly, publicly
- reason, mind
- the power of understanding esp. moral and spiritual truth
contr. for φάος,
light (q.v.). φῴς, ἡ, pl. φῷδες, contr. from φωΐς (q.v.).
(Att.. contr. from φάος ; <φάω ), gen., φωτός , τό ,
[in LXX chiefly for H216;]
light (opp. to τὸ σκότος , ἡ σκοτία ): Matthew 17:2; Matthew 17:5, John 11:9-10, 2 Corinthians 4:6; ἡλίου , Revelation 22:5; of a lamp, Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33, John 5:35, Revelation 18:23; of a supernatural heavenly light, Acts 9:3; Acts 12:7; Acts 22:6; Acts 22:9; Acts 22:11; Acts 26:13; hence, ἄγγελος φωτός , 2 Corinthians 11:14; ὁ κλήρος τ . ἁγίων ἐν τ . φ ., Colossians 1:12; of the divine glory, Revelation 21:24; by meton., of that which gives light: of fire, Mark 14:54, Luke 22:56 (cl.; 1 Maccabees 12:29; cf. DCG, i, 595; pl., of a lamp or torch, Acts 16:29; of heavenly bodies, James 1:17.
(a) of God: 1 John 1:5; 1 John 1:7; φῶς οἰκῶν ἀπρόσιτον , 1 Timothy 6:16;
(b) of spiritual truth and its effects on the lives of men: Matthew 4:16; Matthew 5:16, John 1:4-5; John 3:19-21, Acts 26:18; Acts 26:23, 2 Corinthians 6:14, Ephesians 5:13, 1 Peter 2:9, 1 John 2:8; τ . φ . τ . ζωῆς , John 8:12; τ . ὅπλα τοῦ φ ., Romans 13:12; καρπὸς τοῦ φ ., Ephesians 5:9; έν τ . φ . περιπατεῖν (εἶναι , μένειν ), 1 John 1:7; 1 John 2:9-10; υἱοὶ (τέκνα ) τοῦ φ ., Luke 16:8, John 12:36, Ephesians 5:8, 1 Thessalonians 5:5; by meton., of one from whom truth shines forth: Acts 13:47 (LXX), Romans 2:19; esp. of Christ, Luke 2:32, John 1:7-8; John 12:35-36; John 12:46; τ . φ . τ . κόσμου , John 8:12; John 9:5;τ . φ . τ . ἀληθινόν , John 1:9; of Christians, Matthew 5:14, Ephesians 5:8;
(c) of the spiritual understanding: τ . φ . τὸ ἐν σοί , Matthew 6:23, Luke 11:35;
(d) adverbially, of that which is open to view (opp. to ἐν τ . σκοτίᾳ ): ἐν τ . φ ., Matthew 10:27, Luke 12:3.†
SYN.: see φέγγος G5338.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";gold."; For the aurum corsnarium cf. Ostr 675.2 (ii/iii A.D.) ὑπ (ὲρ) στεφ (άνου) χ (ρυσοῦ) β ̄ (δραχμάς), and similarly ib. 683.4 al. and see Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 299 f.
The various epithets applied to χρυσός are seen in such passages as CPR I. 12.6 (A.D. 93) χρυσοῦ δοκιμίου, ";gold of full value,"; similarly ib. 24.5 (A.D. 136), P Oxy VI. 905.5 (A.D. 170) χρυσοῦ μὲν κοινοῦ, ";common gold,"; similarly ib. X. 1273.6, .17 (A.D. 260), and ib. VIII, 1121.19 (A.D. 295) χρυσῷ οὐκ ὀλίγῳ, ";a considerable amount of gold.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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