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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #216 - אוֹר
1a) light of day
1b) light of heavenly luminaries (moon, sun, stars)
1c) day-break, dawn, morning light
1f) light of lamp
1g) light of life
1h) light of prosperity
1i) light of instruction
1j) light of face (figuratively)
1k) Jehovah as Israel’s light
1020) ra (אר AR) AC: Order CO: Box AB: ?: Boxes are used to store items and keep them in order. Light is also necessary for order. (eng: order - with the addition of "der" also meaning order in Hebrew)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אוֹר to be or become light, to become bright, Genesis 44:3. Used of the eyes of a faint person when he begins to recover, 1 Samuel 14:27, 29 1 Samuel 14:29. Pret. impers. אוֹר “it is light,” 1 Samuel 29:10. Imperat. אוֹרִי Isaiah 60:1, “shine, be bright;” [“i.e. be surrounded and resplendent with light”].
Niphal נָאוֹר; fut. יֵאוֹר i.q. Kal 2 Samuel 2:32; Job 33:30 לֵאוֹר for לְהֵאוֹר to be made light. Part. נָאוֹר “bright, glorious,” Psalms 76:5.
(1) to lighten, to make light, followed by an acc. Psalms 77:19, 97:4 105:39 (a) עֵינֵי פ״ הֵאִיר “to enlighten any one’s eyes” (which were involved in darkness), i.e. as it were to recall him to life, Psalms 13:4 hence, “to refresh, to gladden,” Proverbs 29:13; Psalms 19:9; Ezra 9:8 comp. Sir_31:17.
(b) הֵאִיר פְּנֵי פ״ “to lighten any one’s countenance,” i.e. to make cheerful, Ecclesiastes 8:1 comp. the synon. נָהַר. הֵאִיר פָּנָיו “to make one’s own face to shine;” “to cause one’s face to shine” is especially used of God as being propitious, Psalms 80:4, Psalms 80:8, 20 Ps8 0:20followed by אֶל Numbers 6:25 עַל Psalms 31:17 בְּ Psalms 119:135 לְ Psalms 118:27 אֵת Psalms 67:2. Once without פָּנִים Psalms 118:27.
(c) to enlighten, i.e. to imbue with wisdom, Psalms 119:130.
(2) to shine, to give light (leuchten, fcheinen), absol. Genesis 1:15 with a dat. Exodus 13:21; Isaiah 60:19.
(3) to kindle, Malachi 1:10; Isaiah 27:11 (comp. Eng. to light and אוּר fire). Arab. أَوَّرَ to kindle. Hence are derived the following words, and also מָאוֹר and מְאוּרָה.
אוֹר m. (once f., Job 36:32 comp. Lehrg. 546), light, -Gen. 1:35 ; Job 3:9, 12:25. Wherein it differs from מָאוֹר is shown by Genesis 1:3 comp. verses 14, 16. Thus אוֹר is light everywhere diffused, such as that of the day, and the sun, while מָאוֹר is properly that which affords light, a luminary, and thus it can take the plural number, which אוֹר does not admit, except in one example, Psalms 136:7, where אוֹרִים stands for מְאֹרִים. Specially it is
(a) morning light, light of day; Nehemiah 8:3, מִן־הָאוֹר עַר מַחֲצִית הַיּוֹם “from morning light unto mid-day;” Job 24:14.
(b) the light of the sun, and the sun itself, Job 31:26, 37:21 Habakkuk 3:4; Isaiah 18:4 comp. φάος, used of the sun, Odyss. γ΄, 335.
(c) light of lightning, and lightning itself; Job 36:32, עַל־כַּפַּיִם כִּסָּה אוֹר “he covers the light of lightning upon his hands,” i.e. he covers his hands with lightning, his hands are red with lightning; Job 37:3, 11 Job 37:11, 15 Job 37:15.
(d) light of life, Job 3:16, 20 Job 3:20 more fully אוֹר חַיִּים Ps. 56:14. Metaphorically
(e) light furnishes an image of good fortune, prosperity, sometimes with the proper sense of light retained, Job 22:28; Isaiah 9:1 sometimes that of prosperity itself, Job 30:26 Psal. 97:11. Isaiah 10:17, Jehovah is called “the light of Israel,” as being the author of their prosperity; comp. Isaiah 60:1, Isaiah 60:3.
(f) light for doctrine, teaching; Isaiah 49:6, אוֹר גּוֹיִם “a light of the Gentiles,” i.e. teacher; Isaiah 51:4, 2:5, “let us walk in the light of Jehovah” (verse Isaiah 51:3); compare Proverbs 6:23, “for the commandment (of God) is like a luminary, and the law is as a light.”
(g) פָּנִים אוֹר light, or brightness of countenance, cheerfulness of countenance, a serene countenance, Job 29:24 (comp. Psalms 104:15); Proverbs 16:15, בְּאוֹר פְּנֵי מֶלֶךְ “when the king’s face shineth,” i.e. when it is cheerful and pleasant; Psalms 4:7, 44:4.
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