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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5574 - ψεύδομαι

Transliteration
pseúdomai
Phonetics
psyoo'-dom-ahee  
Word Origin
middle voice of an apparently primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
9:594,1339
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to lie, to speak deliberate falsehoods
  2. to deceive one by a lie, to lie to
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (12) HCS (12)
Matthew 1
Acts 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 John 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 1
Acts 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 John 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 1
Acts 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Colossians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 John 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-ADI-2S 1
V-ADN 2
V-PNI-1P 1
V-PNI-1S 4
V-PNI-3P 1
V-PNM-2P 2
V-PNP-NPM 1
V-ADI-2S 1
V-ADN 2
V-PEP-NPM 1
V-PNI-1P 1
V-PNI-1S 4
V-PNI-3P 1
V-PNM-2P 2
V-ADI-2S 1
V-ADN 2
V-PNI-1P 1
V-PNI-1S 4
V-PNI-3P 1
V-PNM-2P 2
V-PNP-NPM 1
NA WH
V-PMI-1S 2
V-ADI-2S 1
V-ADN 2
V-PEP-NPM 2
V-PNI-1P 1
V-PNI-1S 4
V-PNI-3P 1
V-PNM-2P 2
V-PNP-NPM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ψεύδομαι, v. cross ψεύδω B.

ψεύδω,

S. Ant. 389, etc.: fut. ψεύσω Id. OC 628, X. Cyr. 1.5.13: aor. ἔψευσα A. Pers. 472, Plb. 18.11.11, etc.: Pass., fut. ψευσθήσομαι S. Tr. 712, Gal. 15.143: aor. ἐψεύσθην Hdt. 1.141, etc.: pf. ἔψευσμαι (v. infr.); imper. ἐψεύσθω Aeschin. 1.162:

cheat by lies, beguile, τινα S. OC 628, etc.: Pass., to be cheated, deceived, A. Ch. 759, etc.; εἰ μὴ πολύ γε ἔψευσμαι unless I am much deceived, Antipho 3.2.1.

2. c. gen., cheat, balk, disappoint one of a thing, ψεύσει σ' ὁδοῦ τῆσδ' ἐλπίς E. Hec. 1031; ἔψευσας φρενῶν Πέρσας A. Pers. 472; μὴ ψεῦσον Ζεῦ τῆς ἐπιούσης ἐλπίδος Ar. Th. 870; πιστεύω.. μὴ ψεύσειν με.. τὰς ἐλπίδας X. Cyr. 1.5.13; πόλλ' ἐλπίδες ψεύδουσι καὶ λόγοι βροτούς E. Fr. 650: Pass., to be cheated balked, disappointed, τινος of a thing, ψευσθῆναι ἐλπίδος, γάμου, Hdt. 1.141, 5.47; ἐνάρων S. Aj. 178 (lyr.); δείπνου Ar. Nu. 618 (troch.); ψευσθέντες τῶν σκοπῶν disappointed of receiving tidings from the scouts, Th. 8.103.

3. in Pass., also, to be deceived, mistaken in or about a thing, ἐψευσμένοι γνώμης deceived in their judgement, mistaken in opinion, Hdt. 8.40, cf. S. Tr. 712 (also ψευσθῆναι γνώμῃ Hdt. 7.9. γ) ; ἐψευσμένοι τῆς Ἀθηναίων δυνάμεως deceived or mistaken in their notions of the Athenian power, Th. 4.108; πολλῶν ἐψεύσθητε τῆς οὐσίας you have often had a mistaken idea of a man's wealth, Lys. 19.45; τούτου οὐκ ἐψεύσθην Pl. Revelation 22:1-21 d; ἐψεῦσθαι τῆς ἀληθείας Id. R. 413a; τῆς ὥρας And. 1.38; ἐψευσμένοι τῶν ὄντων Pl. Tht. 195a; ἐψεῦσθαι ἑαυτῶν, opp. εἰδέναι ἑαυτούς, X. Mem. 4.2.26; also ψευσθῆναι ἔν τισι Hdt. 9.48; περί τινος X. An. 2.6.28, Pl. Prt. 358c: also c. acc., ἐψεύσθη τοῦτο X. An. 1.8.11, etc.; αὐτοὺς ἐψευσμένη ἡ Ἑλλάς deceived in its estimate of them, Th. 6.17 (where αὐτοὺς is prob. corrupt, and shd. perh. be omitted): c. acc. cogn., εὐτυχέστατον ψεῦσμα ἐψευσμένος most happily deceived or mistaken, Pl. Men. 71d: more rarely in Act., καί μ' ἔψευσας ἐλπίδος πολύ thou hast much belied my expectation, i.e. turned out better than I feared, S. Aj. 1382.

4. of statements, to be untrue, ἡ τρίτη τῶν ὁδῶν μάλιστα ἔψευσται the third mode of explanation is most untrue, most mistaken, Hdt. 2.22.

II c. acc. rei, like cross ψευδοποιέω 11, represent a thing as a lie, falsify, ψεύδοντες οὐδὲν σῆμα τῶν προκειμένων S. OC 1512 (prob. for σημάτων) ; ψεύδει ἡ πίνοια τὴν γνώμην afterthought gives opinion the lie, Id. Ant. 389: Pass., ἢν τάδε ψευσθῇ λέγων if his word prove (lit. be proved) false, Id. Ph. 1342; ἡ ψευσθεῖσα ὑπόσχεσις the promise broken, Th. 3.66; πάντα πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἔψευσται have been falsely reported, D. 52.23; in E. Andr. 346 for ἀλλὰ ψεύσεται it will be falsely said, Porson's correction ἐψεύσεται is probable (πεύσεται Kiehl). earlier and more common ψεύδομαι, imper. ψεύδεο Il. 4.404 (the Act. is very rare in Att. Prose): fut. ψεύσομαι Hom., Pi., Att.: aor ἐψευσάμην, v. infr.: fut. 2 ἐψεύσομαι (will have made a false statement) Gal. 15.137(s. v.l.): pf. ἔψευσμαι X. An. 1.3.10. I abs., lie, speak false, play false, ψεύσομαι ἦ ἔτυμον ἐρέω; Il. 10.534, Od. 4.140; οὐκ οἶδα ψεύδεσθαι h.Merc. 369; οὐ ψεύσομ' ἀμφὶ Κορίνθῳ Pi. O. 13.52; περί τινος Pl. Prt. 347a; ψ. κατά τινος, opp. λέγειν τἀληθῆ κατά τινος, Id. Euthd. 284a, Lys. 22.7; ψ. πρός τινα X. An. 1.3.5; ψ. τινι Acts 5:4 and εἴς τινα Colossians 3:9.

2. c. inf., say falsely, pretend that.., Plu. 2.506d.

3. c. acc. rei, say that which is untrue, whether intentionally or not, τοῦτό γ' οὐκ ἐψεύσατο Ar. Ec. 445; οὐδὲν αὐτῶν ψεύδεται Id. Ach. 561; κἂν λάβῃς ἐψευσμένον, φάσκειν ἔμ' ἤδη μαντικῇ μηδὲν φρονεῖν S. OT 461; ἐάν τι μὴ ἀληθὲς λέγω.., εἰπὲ ὅτι τοῦτο ψεύδομαι· ἑκὼν γὰρ εἶναι οὐδὲν ψεύσομαι Pl. Smp. 214e, cf. X. Mem. 4.2.19; περὶ ὧν ἔψευσται διδάσκειν ὑμᾶς Lys. 3.21.

4. to be false or faithless, to be perjured or forsworn, Hes. Op. 283.

5. ὁ ψευδόμενος, the Liar, name of a fallacy or logical puzzle invented by Eubulides, a disciple of Euclides of Megara, Thphr. ap. D.L. 2.108, cf. Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.92 (ψευδόμενος is an interpolation in ὁ σοφιστικὸς λόγος ψ. Arist. EN 1146a22).

II like Act ii, belie, falsify, ὅρκια ψεύσασθαι break them, Il. 7.352; so συνθήκας ψ. X. Ages. 1.12; γάμους E. Ba. 31, 245; so in plpf., ἔψευστο τὴν ξυμμαχίαν Th. 5.83; so also οὐκ ἐψεύσαντο τὰς ἀπειλάς they did not belie, i.e. they made good, their threats, Hdt. 6.32; τὰ χρήματα.. ἐψευσμένοι ἦσαν had broken their word about the money, X. An. 5.6.35.

III like Act i, deceive by lies, cheat, Αοξίαν ἐψευσάμην A. Ag. 1208, cf. X. HG 3.1.25; also ψ. τινά τι deceive one in a thing, S. OC 1145, E. Alc. 808; ἅπερ αὐτὸν οὐ ψεύσομαι and therein I will not disappoint him (ironical), i.e. I will carry out my threat, And. 1.123; τῶν ἔργων ὧν ἂν τὸν ἐκδόντα ψεύσηται (ὧν being in gen. by attraction) Pl. Lg. 921a. of combinations of words, make a false statement, Arist. Int. 16a3.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ψεύδομαι; 1 aorist ἐψευσάμην; (deponent middle of ψεύδω (allied with ψιθυρίζω etc. (Vanicek, p. 1195)) 'to deceive', 'cheat'; hence, properly, to show oneself deceitful, to play false); from Homer down; to lie, to speak deliberate falsehoods: Hebrews 6:18; 1 John 1:6; Revelation 3:9; οὐ ψεύδομαι, Romans 9:1; 2 Corinthians 11:31; Galatians 1:20; 1 Timothy 2:7; τινα, to deceive one by a lie, to lie to (Euripides, Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plutarch, others): Acts 5:3; like verbs of saying, with a dative of the person (cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 5; Buttmann, § 133, 1; Green, p. 100f), Acts 5:4 (Psalm 17:45 (); Psalm 77:36 (); Psalm 88:36 (); Joshua 24:27; (Jeremiah 5:12), etc.); εἰς τινα, Colossians 3:9; κατά τίνος, against one, Matthew 5:11 (L G omit; Tr marginal reading brackets ψευδόμενοι; others connect καθ' ὑμῶν with εἴπωσι and make ψευδόμενοι a simple adjunct of mode (A. V. falsely)); κατά τῆς ἀληθείας, James 3:14 (here Tdf. makes ψεύδεσθε absolutely; cf. Winers Grammar, 470 (438) n. 3). (The Sept. for כִּחִשׁ and כִּזֵּב.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ψεύδω ,

to deceive by lies; more freq. in the depon. mid, form ψεύδομαι (so always in NT),

[in LXX chiefly for H3584 pi.;]

1. absol., to lie: Hebrews 6:18, 1 John 1:6, Revelation 3:9; οὐ ψεύδομαι , Romans 9:1, 2 Corinthians 11:31, Galatians 1:20, 1 Timothy 2:7 c. dat. pers. (Psalms 18:45, John 5:12, al.), Acts 5:4; seq. εἰς , Colossians 3:9; κατά , James 3:14 (Hort, in l).

2. Like act., c. acc, to deceive by lies (Æsch., al.): Acts 5:3.†

ψεύδομαι , see ψεύδω .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
εψευσάμεθα εψευσάμην εψεύσαντο εψεύσαντό εψεύσατο εψευσω εψεύσω ἐψεύσω ψευδεσθε ψεύδεσθε ψεύδεται ψεύδη ψευδομαι ψεύδομαι ψευδομεθα ψευδόμεθα ψευδομενοι ψευδόμενοι ψευδονται ψεύδονται ψευσασθαι ψεύσασθαι ψεύσασθαί ψεύσεσθε ψεύσεται ψεύσησθε ψεύσηται ψεύσομαι ψεύσονταί epseuso epseusō epseúso epseúsō pseudesthe pseúdesthe pseudomai pseúdomai pseudomenoi pseudómenoi pseudometha pseudómetha pseudontai pseúdontai pseusasthai pseúsasthai pseúsasthaí
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, December 16th, 2019
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