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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5594 - ψύχω

Word Origin
a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to breathe, blow, cool by blowing
  2. to be made or grow cool or cold
  3. metaph. of waning love
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6979 ‑ קוּר (koor);  7849 ‑ שָׁטַח (shaw‑takh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Matthew 1
Matthew 1
Matthew 1
V-2FPI-3S 1
V-2FPI-3S 1
V-2FPI-3S 1
V-2FPI-3S 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ψύχω, Hdt. 3.104, etc.: fut. ψύξω Alex. 25.10, Arist. PA 653b4: aor. ἔψυξα Il. 20.440, Hp. Flat. 7: pf. ἔψῡχα Ps.- Hdn. Gr. in An. Ox. 3.256; but ἔψῠχα Choerob. in Theod. 2.73 H.: Pass., fut. ψυχθήσομαι Hp. Acut. (Sp.) 15: fut. 2 ψῠγήσομαι Matthew 24:12 (v.l. ψῠχήσομαι), Gal. 11.388: aor. ἐψύχθην Hp. Epid. 5.19, Pl. Ti. 60d, 76c, X. HG 7.1.19, cf. ἀναψύχω: aor. 2 ἐψύχην [] Ar. Nu. 151, (ἀπ-) A. Fr. 104, Pl. Phdr.. 242a; κατα-ψῠχῆναι Inscr.Magn. 103.55 (ii B. C.): later ἐψύγην Dsc. 1.55, Gal. 7.748, (δια-) PSI 6.603.11 (iii B. C.), cf. Moer. p.421 P.: pf. ἔψυγμαι Hp. Vict. 1.33, Pl. Criti. 120b, Alex. 124.15: breathe, blow, Ἀθήνη.. ἦκα μάλα ψύξασα Il. 20.440.

II make cool or cold (not necessarily by blowing), ἀπιὼν ἐπὶ μᾶλλον ψύχει (sc. ὁ ἥλιος) Hdt. 3.104, cf. Hp. VM 16 (v.l. for διέψυξε); opp. θερμαίνω, Pl. Phdr. 268b; θερμὸν ψύχεται Heraclit. 126; ψῦξον τὸν οἶνον Diph. 56, cf. Isoc. 15.287: Pass., grow cool or cold, Hdt. 4.181, Ar. Nu. 151, Pl. Phd. 71b, Arist. Pr. 931a1; οἶνον.. ψυχόμενον ἐν τῷ φρέατι Stratt. 57; of fire, to be put out, Pl. Criti. 120b: metaph., ψυγήσεται ἡ ἀγάπη will grow cold, Matt. l. c.

2. cool, refresh, θάλπουσα καὶ ψύχουσα, of a nurse tending a child, Trad.Adesp. 7.2: intr. in Act., seek the cool air, Nic. Th. 473, LXX 4 Ki. 19.24.

3. chill, torment, ἀμφάκει κέντρῳ ψύχειν ψυχὰν ἐμάν (Meineke cj. ψήχειν) A. Pr. 693 (lyr.); of death, ψύξει σε δαίμων τῷ πεπρωμένῳ χρόνῳ Alex. 25.10; ἀπαράμονοι καὶ ψύχοντες τὰς πρώτας πράξεις Vett.Val. 44.28; τοὺς γάμους Id. 116.7: Pass., ψύχετ' ἀμηχανίῃ A.R. 4.1527.

4. metaph. in Pass., to be frigid, Longin. 27.1.

III dry, make dry, δάκρυα δ' οὐ ψύχει γενέτης ἐμός IG 3.1335.13; ψ. τι πρὸς τὸν ἥλιον LXX Jeremiah 8:2 : air, ἱμάτια Arr. Epict. 1.18.13: Pass., X. Cyn. 5.3; οὗ τὰ σῦκα ψύχεται, gloss on τρασιά, Phot.: in Hom. generally of drying in the wind, opp. τερσήμεναι of drying in the sun, Sch. Il. 11.621. (Fr. signf. I comes ψυχή perhaps, but v. ψυχή: signf. 11 (and with it ψῦχος, ψυχρός, etc.) comes fr. signf. I: also signf. 111 fr. signf. 1.) [ always, exc. in aor. 2 Pass., v. Ar. Nu. 151.]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ψύχω: 2 future passive, ψυγήσομαι (cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 318; Moeris, Piers. edition, p. 421, under the word); from Homer down; to breathe, blow, cool by blowing; passive, to be made or to grow cool or cold: tropically, of waning love, Matthew 24:12.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ψύχω ,

[in LXX for H6979, H7849;]

to breathe, blow; hence, to make cool. Pass., to grow cool: metaph., Matthew 24:12.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
έψυξα έψυξαν έψυξεν ψυγησεται ψυγήσεται ψύξουσιν ψύχει psugesetai psugēsetai psygesetai psygēsetai psygḗsetai
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