Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #749 - ἀρχιερεύς

Transliteration
archiereús
Phonetics
ar-khee-er-yuce'
Origin
from (G746) and (G2409)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
3:265,349
Definition
Thayer's
  1. chief priest, high priest
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3547 ‑ כָּהַן (kaw‑han');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (123)
Matthew
25
Mark
22
Luke
16
John
21
Acts
22
Hebrews
17
NAS (244)
Matthew
50
Mark
44
Luke
30
John
42
Acts
44
Hebrews
34
HCS (122)
Matthew
25
Mark
22
Luke
15
John
21
Acts
22
Hebrews
17
BSB (122)
Matthew
25
Mark
22
Luke
15
John
21
Acts
22
Hebrews
17
ESV (114)
Matthew
22
Mark
22
Luke
14
John
18
Acts
21
Hebrews
17
WEB (123)
Matthew
25
Mark
22
Luke
16
John
21
Acts
22
Hebrews
17
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀρχῐερ-εύς, έως, ὁ: Ion. ἀρχῐέρεως, εω, Hdt. 2.37, also in Pl. Lg. 947a: acc. pl. ἀρχιρέας v.l. in Hdt. 2.142:

arch-priest, chief-priest, ll. cc., freq. in Inscrr., νήσου OGI 93.3 (Cyprus), etc.: esp. in Roman provinces, of the Imperial cult, ἀ. Ἀσίας ib. 458.31, etc., cf. PRyl. 149.2 (i A. D.), etc.: at Rome, = pontifex, Plu. Numbers 9:1-23, etc.; ἀ. μέγιστος, = pontifex maximus, SIG 832, etc. (but ἀρχιερεύς alone, IG 7.2711, etc.): at Jerusalem, high-priest, LXX Leviticus 4:3, Matthew 26:3, etc. (Spelt ἀρχι-ιερεύς IGRom. 4.882 (Themisonium)).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀρχ -ιερεύς , -έως , ,

[in LXX for H3547, H1419 כּ֞ , H7218 כּ֞ ;]

1. high-priest: Mark 2:26; Mark 14:47, al.; of Christ: Hebrews 2:17; Hebrews 3:1, al.

2. In pl., chief priests, including ex-high-priests and members of high-priestly
families:
Matthew 2:4, Mark 8:31, al. (Cremer, 294; DCG, i, 297 f.; MM, s.v.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Leid G.4 (end of ii/B.C.) τοῖς ἐπιστάταις τῶν ἱερ [ ]ν καὶ ἀρχιερεῦσι seems to define the term in Egypt, but it had also more special use. P Tebt II. 315.31 (ii/A.D.) τὸν ἀπιθοῦντα μετὰ φρουρᾶς τῷ ἀρχιερῖ πέμπιν is indeterminate. But in ib. 294.2, according to Wilcken and the editors, the same official, known as ἀρχιερεὺς Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ Αἰγύπτου πάσης, is addressed as idiologus, ";administrator of the Private accounts"; (Edd.). Preisigke 305.9 has υἱοῦ Τρήσεως ἀρχιερέως (A.D. 210), in a dedication. Michel 1231 (early i/B.C.) Ἀρχιερεὺς μέ [γ ]ας rededicates to Ζεὺς Ὄλβιος (of Olba in Cilicia) buildings once constructed by Seleucus Nicator : we are reminded of the phrase in Hebrews 4:14.

Ἀρχιερεύς and ἀρχιερεὺς μέγιστος were the regular terms in the East for translating the title pontifex maximus, borne by the Emperors : see LAE, p. 369 f., where Deissmann refers to the evidence from the inscriptions collected by Magie, p. 64. A word common in classical and later literature, though only once in the Gk OT, apart from Apocr. (esp. Macc), needs no further illustration. But we may note the form with γ in P Hib I. 62.8 (B.C. 245) τῷ ἀρχιγερεῖ ἐν Θώλτει (see the editors’ note), and the unelided ἀρχιιερεύς in P Petr III. 53 (p).2 (iii/B.C.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αρχειρείς αρχιερεα αρχιερέα ἀρχιερέα αρχιερει αρχιερεί ἀρχιερεῖ αρχιερεις αρχιερείς ἀρχιερεῖς αρχιερευς αρχιερεύς ἀρχιερεύς ἀρχιερεὺς αρχιερεύσι αρχιερευσιν αρχιερεύσιν ἀρχιερεῦσιν αρχιερεων αρχιερέων ἀρχιερέων ἀῥχιερέων αρχιερεως αρχιερέως ἀρχιερέως αρχιεταίρος αρχιευνούχον αρχιευνούχος αρχιευνούχου αρχιευνούχω αρχιμάγειρον αρχιμάγειρος αρχιμαγείρου αρχιμαγείρω αρχιοινοχοϊαν αρχιοινοχόον αρχιοινοχόος αρχιοινοχόου αρχιοινοχόω αρχιπατριώται ἱερεῖς archierea archieréa archierei archiereî archiereis archiereîs archiereon archiereōn archieréon archieréōn archiereos archiereōs archieréos archieréōs archiereus archiereús archiereùs archiereusin archiereûsin arhchiereon arhchiereōn arhchieréon arhchieréōn hiereis hiereîs iereis
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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