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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #940 - βασκαίνω

Word Origin
akin to (5335)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to speak ill of one, to slander, traduce him
  2. to bring evil on one by feigning praise or an evil eye
  3. to charm, to bewitch
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7489 ‑ רָעַע (raw‑ah');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Galatians 1
Galatians 1
Galatians 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βασκ-αίνω, fut. -ᾰνῶ LXX De. 28.56: aor. ἐβάσκηνα Philostr. (v. infr.), -ᾱνα Arist. Pr. 926b24: Pass., aor. ἐβασκάνθην (v. infr.):

I bewitch by the evil eye, etc., Arist. l.c., LXX Deuteronomy 28:56 : metaph., Galatians 3:1; ἐβάσκηνε πάντα.. τύχη Hdn. 2.4.5: Pass., ὡς μὴ βασκανθῶσι Arist. Fr. 347; ὡς μὴ βασκανθῶ τρὶς ἔπτυσα Theoc. 6.39.

II c. acc.,

1. malign, disparage, Pherecr. 174, D. 8.19; ἄν τι δύσκολον συμβαίνῃ τοῦτο βασκαίνει Id. 18.189; εἰσίν τινες.. οὓ τὸ βασκαίνειν τπέφει Dionys.Com. 11: Pass., ὑπὸ τῶν ἀντιτέχνων βασκανθῆναι Str. 14.2.7.

2. c. dat., envy, grudge, D. 20.24, etc.; τινί τινος grudge one a thing, D.Chr. 78.37, Philostr. VA 6.12; τινὶ ἐπί τινι D.Chr. 78.25: abs., Luc. Nav. 17: τινός keep to oneself, Id. Philops. 35.

3. c. acc. et inf., μὴ βασκήνας γελάσαι καὶ ἄλλον Ael. VH 14.20.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βασκαίνω: 1 aorist ἐβασκανα, on which form cf. Winers Grammar, (75 (72)); 83 (80); (Buttmann, 41 (35); Lob. ad Phryn., p. 25f; Paralip., p. 21f); (βάζω, βάσκω (φάσκω) to speak, talk); τινα (Winer's Grammar, 223 (209));

1. to speak ill of one, to slander, traduce him (Demosthenes 8, 19 (94, 19); Aelian v. h. 2, 13, etc.).

2. to bring evil on one by feigned praise or an evil eye, to charm, bewitch one (Aristotle, probl. 20, 34 (p. 926{b}, 24); Theocritus, 6, 39; Aelian nat. an. 1, 35); hence, of those who lead away others into error by wicked arts (Diodorus 4, 6): Galatians 3:1. Cf. Schott (or Lightfoot) at the passage; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 462.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βασκαίνω ,

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 28:54; Deuteronomy 28:56 (H7489) Sirach 14:6-8 *;]

1. to slander (Dem.).

2. to blight by the evil eye, to fascinate, bewitch: Galatians 3:1.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The popular belief in the power of the evil eye (cf. Deuteronomy 28:54, Sirach 14:6; Sirach 14:8), underlying the Pauline metaphor in Galatians 3:1, is well illustrated by the common formulas in closing greetings, e.g. P Oxy II. 292.12 (c. A.D. 25) (= Selections, p. 38) πρὸ δὲ πάντων ὑγιάνειν (= -αίνειν ) σε εὔχ [ο ]μαι ἀβασκάντως τὰ ἄριστα πράττων , ";but above all I pray that you may be in health unharmed by the evil eye and faring prosperously,"; ib. VI. 930.28 (ii/iii A.D.) ἀσπάζονταί σε πολλὰ αἱ ἀδελφαί σου καὶ τὰ ἀβάσκαντα παιδία Θεωνίδος , and similarly P Fay 126.10, P Lips I. 108.9 (both ii/iii A.D.). Cf. the opening salutation in BGU III. 811.4 (between A.D. 98 and 103) πρὼ (i.e. πρὸ ) μὲν πάντων ἀναγκαῖον δι᾽ ἐπιστολῆ [ς ] σε ἀσπάσεσθαι καὶ τὰ ἀβάσκαντα [δ ]οῦ [ν ]αι . For the subst. βασκανία (as Wisdom of Solomon 4:12) cf. the new compound προβασκανία in the vi/A.D. Christian amulet edited by Wilcken Archiv i. p. 431 ff. (= Selections, p. 132 ff.)—.7 ff. ὅπως διώξῃς ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ τοῦ δούλου σου τὸν δαίμονα προβασκανίας , ";that thou mayst drive from me thy servant the demon of witchcraft."; The adj. βάσκανος is found in Vettius Valens, pp. 22, 358.5, and in IosPE i. 22.31 (Minns, p. 644) ὑπὸ τοῦ βασκάνου δαίμονος ἀφῃρέθη . The relation of the word to the certainly identical Lat. fascinum is accounted for by the consideration that a word of magic was likely to be borrowed by Greek from Thracian or Illyrian, where original bh (Lat. f) passed into b : see Walde Lat. etym. Wörterbuch, s.v.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βασκανεί βάσκανος βασκάνω βάσταγμα βαστάγματα εβασκανεν ἐβάσκανεν ebaskanen ebáskanen
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