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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #941 - βαστάζω

Transliteration
bastázō
Phonetics
bas-tad'-zo  
Word Origin
perhaps remotely derived from the base of (939) (through the idea of removal)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:596,102
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to take up with the hands
  2. to take up in order to carry or bear, to put upon one's self (something) to be carried
    1. to bear what is burdensome
  3. to bear, to carry
    1. to carry on one's person
    2. to sustain, i.e. uphold, support
  4. to bear away, carry off
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (27) NAS (27) HCS (25)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 5
John 5
Acts 4
Romans 2
Galatians 4
Revelation 3
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 5
John 5
Acts 4
Romans 2
Galatians 4
Revelation 3
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 4
John 4
Acts 4
Romans 2
Galatians 4
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-2S 4
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 4
V-AAP-DPM 1
V-AAP-NSF 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IPI-3S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 2
V-PAN 2
V-PAP-GSN 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 3
V-PPN 1
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 4
V-AAP-DPM 1
V-AAP-NSF 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IPI-3S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 2
V-PAN 2
V-PAP-GSN 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 3
V-PPN 1
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 4
V-AAP-DPM 1
V-AAP-NSF 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IPI-3S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 2
V-PAN 2
V-PAP-GSN 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 3
V-PPN 1
NA WH
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 5
V-AAP-DPM 1
V-AAP-NSF 1
V-FAI-3S 3
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IPI-3S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 2
V-PAN 2
V-PAP-GSN 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 3
V-PPN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βαστάζω, Od. 11.594, etc.: fut. -άσω A. Pr. 1019, S. Aj. 920; late -άξω Ps.-Callisth. 1.45, etc.: aor. ἐβάστασα Od. 21.405, Ar. Th. 437 (lyr.), etc.; late ἐβάσταξα PFay. 122, LXX Si. 6.25, J. AJ 3.8.7, Epigr. ap. Stob. 1.49.52: Pass., fut. βασταχθήσομαι Ps.-Callisth. 1.42: aor. ἐβαστάχθην Nic.Dam. p.114D., D.L. 4.59, Ath. 15.693e: aor. 2 βασταγῆναι Artem. 2.68: pf. βεβάσταγμαι (ἐμ-) Luc. Ocyp. 14:

I

1. lift up, raise, λᾶαν βαστάζοντα.. ἀμφοτέρῃσι Od. 11.594; ἐπεὶ μέγα τόξον ἐβάστασε 21.405; πεπτῶτα β. τινά S. Aj. 827, etc.; lift a veil, Id. El. 1470: Pass., of sluice-gates, PRyl. 81.6 (ii A. D.).

2. metaph., lift up, exalt, ennoble, Pi. O. 12.19; β. τινὰ χαρίτεσσιν Id. I. 3.8.

II

1. bear, carry, A. Pr. 1019, etc.; χερσὶν β. τινά S. El. 1129, cf. 1216; δόρυ Hermipp. 46.2 (anap.), Theoc. 16.78; ὅπλα Men. Epit. 107.

2. hold in one's hands, S. El. 905; χεροῖν Id. Ph. 657, cf. 1127 (lyr.); of books, συνεχῶς β. Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.35U.: in Pass., to be popular, Arist. Rh. 1413b12.

3. β. ἐν γνώμῃ bear in mind, consider, weigh, A. Pr. 888; φρενί Ar. Th. 437 (lyr.); β. προβούλευμα deliberate on.., Eup. 73; βαστάσας αἱρήσομαι on consideration, Id. 303.

4. bear, endure, οὐκέτι βαστάζω τὴν σεῖο διαζυγίην Revelation 5:8 (Rufin.).

5. produce, yield, of land, PGiss. 6 iii 8 (ii A. D.).

III

1. carry off, take away, John 20:15; steal, Plb. 32.15.4, J. AJ 1.19.9, D.L. 4.59, Luc. Asin. 16, PTeb. 330.7 (ii A. D.), perh. also in John 12:6, Ath. 2.46f (Pass.).

2. in Pass., to be sublimated, Zos.Alch. p.198 B. in Trag., touch, χέρα ἄνακτος.. τῇδε β. χερί A. Ag. 35; embrace, σῶμα S. OC 1105. Not in Att. Prose: Pass. first in Plb.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 βαστάζω; future βαστάσω; 1aorist ἐβάστασα;

1. to take up with the hands: λίθους, John 10:31 (λααν, Homer, Odyssey 11,594; τήν μάχαιραν ἀπό τῆς γῆς, Josephus, Antiquities 7,11, 7).

2. to take up in order to carry or bear; to put upon oneself (something) to be carried; to bear what is burdensome: τόν σταυρόν, John 19:17; Luke 14:27 (see σταυρός 2a. and b.); Metaphorically: βαστάζειν τί, to be equal to understanding a matter and receiving it calmly, John 16:12 ( Epictetus ench. 29,5); φορτίον, Galatians 6:5; βαστάσει τό κρίμα, must take upon himself the condemnation of the Judges , Galatians 5:10 (מִשְׁפָּט נָשָׂא, Micah 7:9). Hence, to bear, endure: Matthew 20:12; Acts 15:10 (ζυγόν); Romans 15:1; Galatians 6:2; Revelation 2:2 f ( Epictetus diss. 1,3, 2; Anthol. 5,9, 3; in this sense the Greeks more commonly use φέρειν.)

3. simply to bear, carry: Matthew 3:11; Mark 14:13; Luke 7:14; Luke 22:10; Revelation 17:7; passive, Acts 3:2; Acts 21:35. τό ὄνομα μου ἐνώπιον ἐθνῶν, so to bear it that it may be in the presence of Gentiles, i. e. by preaching to carry the knowledge of my name to the Gentiles, Acts 9:15. to carry on one's person: Luke 10:4; Galatians 6:17 (cf. Ellicott at the passage); of the womb carrying the foetus, Luke 11:27; to sustain, i. e., uphold, support: Romans 11:18.

4. by a use unknown to Attic writers, to bear away, carry off: νόσους, to take away or remove by curing them, Matthew 8:17 ( Galen de compos. medicam. per Genesis 2,14 (339, Bas. edition) ψωρας τέ θεραπεύει καί ὑπώπια βαστάζει) (others refer the use in Matthew , the passage cited to 2; cf. Meyer). John 12:6 (ἐβασταζε used to pilfer ( R. V. text took away; cf. our 'shoplifting', though path. this lift is a different word, see Skeat, under the word)); John 20:15 ( Polybius 1,48, 2 ἄνεμος τούς πύργους τῇ βία βαστάζει, Apollod. Bibl. 2,6, 2; 3,4, 3; Athen. 2,26, p. 46f.; 15,48, p. 693{e}; very many instances from Josephus are given by Krebs, Observations, p. 152ff). (Synonyms: cf. Schmidt, chapter 105.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βαστάζω ,

[in LXX: Judges 16:30 (H5186), Ruth 2:16, 2 Samuel 23:5, 2 Kings 18:14 and Job 21:3 (H5375), Sirach 6:25, Da TH Bel 1:36*;]

1. to take up with the hands, to lift: λίθους , John 10:31.

2. to bear, to carry, as a burden, and metaph., to endure: Matthew 3:11; Matthew 20:12, Mark 14:13, Luke 7:14; Luke 10:7; Luke 11:27; Luke 14:27; Luke 22:10, John 16:12; John 19:17, Acts 3:2; Acts 9:15; Acts 15:10; Acts 21:35, Romans 11:18; Romans 15:1, Galatians 5:10; Galatians 6:2; Galatians 6:5; Galatians 6:07 Revelation 2:2-3; Revelation 17:7.

3. In late writers (MM, Exp., ii, iii, x),

(a) to take away: Matthew 8:17 (Isaiah 53:4, Heb.);

(b) to carry off, steal: John 12:6; John 20:15.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The meaning lift occurs in P Ryl II. 81.6 (c. A.D. 104), where the θύραι of sluices (apparently) ἐφ᾽ ὅσον οἱ κατασπορεῖς ἤθελον ἐβαστάχθησαν , ";as much as the inspectors of sowing wished"; (Edd.). Carry, in the figurative sense = endure, appears in a formula about taxation, as P Brem.9 (A.D. 117) (= Chrest. I. p. 415) ἐπεὶ οὖν αὗται οὐ βαστάζουσι τοσοῦτο τέλεσμα : so in P Ryl II. 96.8 and the other contemporary papers named in the introduction there. Note here Epict. i. 3. 2 οὐδείς σου τὴν ὀφρὺν βαστάσει , ";will endure your cheek"; (!) (Hort says this is ";the only known passage at all approaching"; Revelation 2:2.) Nearer the literal sense, and illustrating distantly Acts 9:15, is P Oxy X. 1242 i. 17, an interesting document of early iii/A.D., where Trajan is said to have granted an audience to rival Greek and Jewish emissaries from Alexandria, ἕκαστοι βαστάζοντες τοὺς ἰδίους θεούς . To the same heading may be referred its use in Galatians 6:17, for which Deissmann (BS, p. 352 ff.) refers to a bilingual (Demotic and Greek) papyrus of iii/A.D. now in the Leiden Museum. The papyrus contains a spell in which the words occur βαστάζω τὴν ταφὴν τοῦ Ὀσίρεως . . . ἐάν μοι ὁ δεῖνα κόπους παράσχῃ , προσ (τ ) ρέψω αὐτὴν αὐτῷ , ";I carry the corpse of Osiris . . . should so-and-so trouble me, I shall use it against him."; Just, that is, as the βαστάζειν of a particular amulet associated with the god acts as a charm against the κόπους παρέχειν of an adversary, so the Apostle finds himself protected against similar attacks by ";bearing"; the στίγματα Ἰησοῦ . From carry is developed carry away, which is the commonest meaning. Thus Cagnat IV. 446, an inscr. of Roman age, where the Pergamene demos honour C. Julius Maximus σημείωι ἀβαστάκτωι , ";ornatus insigni ‘quod tolli non poterat,’ fortasse purpura perpetua"; (Ed.). So very often in papyri. P Fay 122.6 (c. A.D. 100) ἐά [σ ]ας αὐτὸν βαστάξαι ἀρτάβας εἴκοσι ὀκτώ , ";allowing him to carry off 28 artabae."; P Ryl II. 168.11 (A.D. 120) βαστάξεις ἐκ τῆς κοινῆς ἅλωι πάντα , ";you shall carry it all from the common threshing-floor"; (Edd.) : cf. P Thead 5.12 (A.D. 338). Similarly P Oxy III. 507.29 (A.D. 169) ὅνπερ χόρτον οὐκ ἐξέσται μοι βαστάξαι οὐδὲ πωλεῖν οὐδὲ ὑποτίθεσθαι , ";it shall not be lawful for me to remove or sell or pledge this hay"; (Edd.), ib. 522.4 (ii/A.D.) φορέτρο (υ ) (πυροῦ ) (ἀρταβῶν ) ρ ̄ο ̄α ̄ βασταχθ (εισῶν ), ";carriage of 171 artabae of wheat transported"; (Edd.). With personal object, P Amh II. 77.22 (A.D. 139) ἀμφότεροι βίᾳ βασ [τ ]άξαντές με εἰσήνεγκαν εἰς τὸ λογ [ι ]στήριον τοῦ ἐπιτρόπου τῶν οὐσιῶν , ";taking me up by force they together carried me to the counting-house of the superintendent of the domains"; (Edd.). This is of course capable of meaning, in contrast to the use named later, a perfectly legitimate action : cf. P Iand 9.18 (ii/A.D.) σ ]υ ̣̣ ο ̣ ̣ν ̣ βάσταξε (sc. -αι ) λυπὸν ὃ ἂν ἔτιο ̣[ν ᾖ ] τῆς κρίσεως , ";tu autem tolle porro, quaecumque causa est iudicii"; (Ed.). The firmly established vernacular use determines the meaning of Matthew 3:11 as ";whose sandals I am not worthy to take off"; : the phrase is an excellent example of Mt’s skilful abbreviation, for one word fully expresses all that Mark 1:7 tells us in four. Citations multiply for the meaning ";pilfer,"; as in John 12:6, especially in papyri of ii/A.D.—P Tebt II. 330.7 (ii/A.D.) εὗρον τὴν οἰκίαν μου σεσυλημένην τ ̣ε ̣ καὶ πάντα τὰ ἔνδον ἀποκείμενα βεβασταγμ [ ]να , ib. 331.11 (c. A.D. 131) ἐβ ]άσταξαν ὅσα κιθῶνα καὶ ἱμ [ ]τιον λευκά : both petitions to the strategus complaining of robbery. Similarly P Oxy I. 69.4 (A.D. 190), BGU I. 46.10 (A.D. 193), ib. 157.8 (ii/iii A.D.), etc. In MGr the verb has added a new intransitive meaning, ";wait, hold out"; : see Thumb Handbook, p. 322, Abbott Songs, p. 261. The flexion of the verb differs curiously in the papyri and in NT. In the former the guttural forms, ἐβάσταξα , etc., prevail almost without variant, as will be seen from our quotations, and from the list in the editor’s note to P Hamb I. 10.13. In MGr the aorist is ἐβάσταξα . It will be noticed that our citations are later than NT : the verb does not seem to have entered the vernacular in Egypt during the Ptolemaic period. In that case the late guttural flexion would be an analogy product (cf. the double forms from ἁρπάζω , etc.), confined at first to a limited area. Except in Revelation 2:2 βαστάξαι P 1 38 81, ἐβάσταξας John 20:15 W, and Luke 11:46 δυσβάστακτα , the NT has only the dental forms, as in older Greek from Homer down. We can only support these in Egyptian vernacular from BGU I. 195.32 (A.D. 161) ἐβάσ [τ ]ασεν , P Leid Wi. 22 (ii/iii A.D.) βαστάσας , and P Flor I. 59.7 (iii/A.D.) ἐβάστασεν .

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

See P Hamb I. 10.13, note.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βασταζει βαστάζει βασταζειν βαστάζειν βασταζεις βαστάζεις βασταζεσθαι βαστάζεσθαι βασταζετε βαστάζετε βασταζοντες βαστάζοντες βασταζοντος βαστάζοντος βασταζω βαστάζω βασταζων βαστάζων βαστασαι βαστάσαι βαστασασα βαστάσασά βαστασασι βαστάσασι βαστασει βαστάσει βαστάσω εβασταζεν εβάσταζεν ἐβάσταζεν εβασταζετο εβαστάζετο ἐβαστάζετο Εβαστασαν εβάστασαν Ἐβάστασαν εβαστασας εβάστασας ἐβάστασας εβαστασεν εβάστασεν ἐβάστασεν bastasai bastásai bastasasa bastásasá bastasasi bastásasi bastasei bastásei bastazei bastázei bastazein bastázein bastazeis bastázeis bastazesthai bastázesthai bastazete bastázete bastazo bastazō bastázo bastázō bastazon bastazōn bastázon bastázōn bastazontes bastázontes bastazontos bastázontos Ebastasan Ebástasan ebastasas ebástasas ebastasen ebástasen ebastazen ebástazen ebastazeto ebastázeto

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the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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