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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #949 - βέβαιος

Transliteration
bébaios
Phonetics
beb'-ah-yos  
Word Origin
from the base of (939) (through the idea of basality)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:600,103
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. stable, fast, firm
  2. metaph. sure, trusty
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (9) NAS (9) HCS (7)
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 5
2 Peter 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 5
2 Peter 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 3
2 Peter 2
BYZ TIS TR
A-ASF 5
A-ASM-C 1
A-NSF 2
A-NSM 1
A-ASF 5
A-ASM-C 1
A-NSF 2
A-NSM 1
A-ASF 5
A-ASM-C 1
A-NSF 2
A-NSM 1
NA WH
A-ASF 4
A-ASMC 1
A-NSF 2
A-NSM 1
A-ASF 5
A-ASM-C 1
A-NSF 2
A-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βέβαιος, ον

(so always in Th., Pl.), also α, ον (v. infr.): (βαίνω):

I

1. firm, steady, κρύσταλλος Th. 3.23; ὄχημα Pl. Phd. 85d (Comp.); γῆ β. terra firma, Arr. An. 2.21.5; steadfast, durable, ὁμιλία.. πιστὴ καὶ βέβαιος S. Ph. 71; ἀρετῆς βέβαιαι.. αἱ κτήσεις μόνης Id. Fr. 194; ψῆφος βεβαία E. El. 1263; τὴν χάριν βέβαιον ἔχειν Th. 1.32; οὐδέπω βέβαιος ἦν ἡ σωτηρία And. 1.53; εἰρήνην βεβαίαν ἀγαγεῖν Isoc. 4.173; φιλία βέβαιος Pl. Smp. 182c; βεβαίου τε καὶ καθαρᾶς ἡδονῆς γεύεσθαι Id. R. 586a; δόξαι καὶ πίστεις βέβαιοι καὶ ἀληθεῖς Id. Ti. 37b, etc. sure, certain, τέκμαρ A. Pr. 456; ἄκεα Id. Eu. 506 (lyr.); τοξεύματα S. Ant. 1086; πύλας β. παρέχειν make safe, secure, Th. 4.67; βεβαιότερος κίνδυνος a surer game, Id. 3.39: Sup. -ότατος Id. 1.124; βέβαιόν ἐστί τινι ὅτι.. D.H. 3.35; τὰ παρ' ἀνθρώπων αὐτῷ β. ἦν ibid.; but β. παρέχειν τὰν ὠνάν confirm, guarantee, GDI 1867, al. (Delph.); μένειν κυρίαν καὶ β... συγχώρησιν BGU 1058.47 (i B. C.).

2. of persons, etc., steadfast, constant, φίλος A. Pr. 299 (Comp.), cf. Th. 5.43, etc.: c. inf., βεβαιότεροι μηδὲν νεωτεριεῖν more certain to make no change, Th. 3.11.

3. τό β. certainty, Hdt. 7.50, cf. Pl. Phlb. 59c, etc.; but τὸ β. τῆς διανοίας firmness, resolution, Th. 2.89. security, guarantee, τὸ δημόσιον β. IG 12.189.

II Adv. -ως A. Ag. 15; β. κλῃστόν Th. 2.17; β. οἰκεῖσθαι Id. 1.2; ἔχειν, γνῶναι, δημοκρατεῖσθαι, D. 8.41, 39, 10.4: Comp. -ότερον, οἰκεῖν Th. 1.8; -οτέρως Isoc. 8.60, Porph. Abst. 1.11: Sup. -ότατα Th. 6.91.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βέβαιος, βεβαία (Winers Grammar, 69 (67); Buttmann, 25 (22)), βέβαιον (ΒΑΩ, βαίνω) (from Aeschylus down), stable, fast, firm; properly: ἄγκυρα, Hebrews 6:19; metaphorically, sure, trusty: ἐπαγγελία, Romans 4:16; κλῆσις καί ἐκλογή, 2 Peter 1:10; λόγος προφητικός, 2 Peter 1:19; unshaken, constant, Hebrews 3:14; ἐλπίς, 2 Corinthians 1:7 (6) (4 Macc. 17:4); παρρησία, Hebrews 3:6 (but WH Tr marginal reading in brackets); valid and therefore inviolable, λόγος, Hebrews 2:2; διαθήκη, Hebrews 9:17. (With the same meanings in Greek writings from Herodotus down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** βέβαιος , -ον

(also -α , -ον ; < βαίνω ),

[in LXX: Ezra 3:13, Wisdom of Solomon 7:23, 3 Maccabees 5:31; 3 Maccabees 7:7, 4 Maccabees 17:4 *;]

firm, secure: ἄγκυρα , Hebrews 6:19; metaph., sure (esp. "in the sense of legally guaranteed security," Deiss., BS, 109; cf. two foil. words): έπαγγελία , Romans 4:16; ἐλπίς , 2 Corinthians 1:6; λόγος , Hebrews 2:2; παρρησία , Hebrews 3:6; ἀρχή (τ . ὑποστάσεως ), Hebrews 3:14; διαθήκη , Hebrews 9:17; κλῆσις κ . ἐκλογή , 2 Peter 1:10; comp. (-ότεροός ), προφητικὸς λόγος , 2 Peter 1:19.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Deissmann (BS, p. 104 ff.) has shown very fully how much force the technical use of this word and its cognates to denote legally guaranteed security adds to their occurrence in the NT. Thus with the use of this adjective in Romans 4:16, 2 Corinthians 1:7, we may compare P Amh II. 85.21 (A.D. 78) where, in an application for a lease, provision is made that if no objection is raised ";the lease may remain guaranteed to us for the period of five years without change";—μένηι ἡμῖν ἡ μίσθωσις βεβαία ἐπὶ τὸν πενταετ [ ] χρόνον ἀμεθεστάτους (l. οις ). P Strass I. 22.23 (iii/A.D.) ἔχειν τ ̣[ ] βέβαιον τοὺς κατασχόντας , ";that those who have obtained possession may be secured in it,"; P Oxy IX. 1200.29 (A.D. 266) ἔτι τε καὶ παρέξομαί σοι βέβαια διὰ παντὸς ἀπὸ πάντων πάσῃ βεβαιώσει , ";and I will further guarantee the property always against all claims with every guarantee"; (Ed.), BGU IV. 1116.34 (B.C. 13) ποιοῦντος δὲ αὐτοῦ ἕκαστα ἀκολ (ούθως ) καὶ τὴ (ν ) Ἀντω (νίαν ) Φιλη (μάτιον ) βεβαίαν αὐτῷ παρέχεσθαι τὴ (ν ) μίσθω (σιν ), ib. 1127.16 (B.C. 18) παρέχεσθαι τὴν παραχώρησιν βεβαίαν . So from inscrr. OGIS 669.25 (i/A.D.) ὧν βεβαίαν δεῖ τὴν πρωτοπραξίαν φυλάσσειν . It will be noticed that ἔχω and παρέχομαι tend to associate with the adjective : cf. Hebrews 3:14; Hebrews 6:19, 2 Peter 1:19. We need not multiply citations for a common word, unless we should give an instance with the negative : P Tor I. 1ii. 10 (B.C. 116) (= Chrest. II. p. 32) αἰσθομένη ὡς οὐθὲν εἶχεν βέβαιον .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βεβαια βεβαία βεβαιαν βεβαίαν βέβαιαν βεβαιος βέβαιος βεβαιοτερον βεβαιότερον bebaia bebaía bebaian bebaían bebaios bébaios bebaioteron bebaióteron
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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