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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2314 - חָדַר

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) (Qal) to encompass, surround, enclose

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1839 ‑ ἐξίστημι (ex‑is'‑tay‑mee);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Ezekiel 1
Ezekiel 1
Ezekiel 1
v-qPfs 1
v-qPfs 1
v-qPfs 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2150) rdh (ההדר HhDR) AC: Surround CO: Chamber AB: ?: The surrounding walls of a chamber providing privacy and security. [from: dh- as surrounded by walls with a door]

V) rdh (ההדר HhDR) - Surround: To encircle. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) enter - Strongs: H2314 (חָדַר)

Nm) rdh (ההדר HhDR) - Chamber: A place surrounded by walls. An inner place as hidden or secret. KJV (38): chamber, inner, inward, innermost, parlour, south, within - Strongs: H2315 (חֶדֶר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [חָדַר] verb surround, enclose (Phoenician in derivatives; Arabic II. conceal, curtain concealing a person, chamber, house, or tent as concealing some one; Ethiopic dwell; see also following) ** Phoenician is only חדר, חדרת (temple or sepulchral) chamber (Lzb271 Cooke126); Ezekiel 21:19 is best explained from Syriac go about, surround, Syriac around. It seems uncertain whether חֶדֶר, Phoenician חדר chamber, Arabic curtain, chamber, tent, etc., are (ultimately) from this √ (as something surrounding); or (Buhl) from II. חדר = II. conceal behind curtain, conceal, confine, IV. conceal oneself, also abide, stay, remain behind (Land707f.), Ethiopic abide, dwell (Driver, privately, Nov. 1905). — only


Participle feminine singular הַחֹדֶ֫רֶת לָהֶם Ezekiel 21:19 that which surroundeth them (of the sword), — so ᵑ6 Thes Sm Co Da VB.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָדַר i.q. Syr. ܚܕܪܰ to surround, to enclose; and in an evil sense, to besiege. (This root belongs to the same family as הָצַר and נָּדַר, which see. The Arabic خِدْرُ a curtain, and خدر to be hid behind a curtain; also, Eth. ኀደረ፡ to dwell, are secondary roots.) By means of this signification, I now explain Ezekiel 21:19, חֶרֶב הַחֹדֶרֶת לָהֶם “the sword which besieges them (on every side),” besets them all around. Abulwalid considers the same sense of besieging to be derived from sitting down and lying hid (see Arab. and Eth.). The ancient versions have “a sword frightening them,” as though it were the same as חֹרֶדֶת. Hence

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List of Word Forms
הַחֹדֶ֖רֶת החדרת ha·ḥō·ḏe·reṯ hachoDeret haḥōḏereṯ
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