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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2821 - חָשַׁךְ

Transliteration
châshak
Phonetics
khaw-shak'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
769
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be or become dark, grow dim, be darkened, be black, be hidden

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be or grow dark

1a2) to have a dark colour

1a3) to grow dim

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to make dark, cause to be dark

1b2) to hide, conceal

1b3) to obscure, confuse (figuratively)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4653 ‑ σκοτία (skot‑ee'‑ah);  4656 ‑ σκοτόω (skot‑o'‑o);  2928 ‑ κρύπτω (kroop'‑to);  4654 ‑ σκοτίζω (skot‑id'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (19) NAS (17) HCS (18)
Exodus 1
Job 3
Psalms 3
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Exodus 1
Job 3
Psalms 3
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 1
Amos 2
Exodus 1
Job 3
Psalms 3
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-d 1
n-cms 1
v-hPms 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cs 1
v-hp3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qi3fs 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 3
v-qw3fs 1
n-cms 1
v-hPms 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cs 1
v-hp3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 3
v-qw3fs 1
n-cms 1
v-hPms 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cs 1
v-hp3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 3
v-qw3fs 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2215) ksh (ההסהכ HhShK) AC: Darken CO: Dark AB: Darkness: [from: hs- a dark place]

V) ksh (ההסהכ HhShK) - Darken: KJV (19): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) darken, dark, blacker, darkness, dim, hide - Strongs: H2821 (חָשַׁךְ)

Nf1) eksh (ההסהכה HhShKH) - Dark: KJV (6): dark, darkness - Strongs: H2824 (חֶשְׁכָה), H2825 (חֲשֵׁיכָה)

am) kshm (מההסהכ MHhShK) - Dark place: KJV (7): darkness, dark - Strongs: H4285 (מַחְשָׁךְ)

cm) kfsh (ההסהוכ HhShWK) - Darkness: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (2): mean - Strongs: H2816 (חֲשׁוֹךְ), H2823 (חָשֹׁךְ)

gm) ksfh (ההוסהכ HhWShK) - Darkness: KJV (80): darkness, dark, obscurity, night - Strongs: H2822 (חשֶׁךְ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 חָשַׁךְ verb be, grow dark (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲשַׁךְ, ; Arabic bear rancour, see Lag BN 30) —

Qal Perfect ׳ח Isaiah 5:30 4t.; וְחָֽשְׁכָה consecutive Micah 3:6 (but see below); חָֽשְׁכוּ Lamentations 5:17; וְחָֽשְׁכוּ consecutive Ecclesiastes 12:3; Imperfect 3 feminine singular תֶּחְשַׁךְ Ecclesiastes 12:2; וַתֶּחְשַׁךְ Exodus 10:15; 3 masculine plural יֶחְשְׁכוּ Job 3:9; 3 feminine plural תֶּחְשַׁכְנָה Psalm 69:24; —

1 be, grow dark, אוֺר Isaiah 5:30, compare (figurative) Job 18:6; הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ Isaiah 13:10 (figurative); היום Ezekiel 30:18 (where read חשׁך, for ᵑ0 Baer חשׂך); Job 3:9 (subject כוכבים), compare Ecclesiastes 12:2 (subject השׁמשׁ, האור, הירח, הכוכבים); impersonal Micah 3:6; (si vera 1.; but read probably וַחֲשֵׁכָה, corresponding with לַיְלָה preceding).

2 have a dark colour: מִשְּׁחוֺר׳ח תָּֽאֳרָם Lamentations 4:8 darker than blackness is their visage; of the earth הָאֶרֶץ Exodus 10:15.

3 grow dim Lamentations 5:17 (subject עינינו), compare Psalm 69:24 (figurative), Ecclesiastes 12:3 subject הָראֹוֺת i.e. the eyes.

Hiph`il Perfect הֶחְשִׁיךְ Amos 5:8, וְהַחֲשַׁכְתִּ֫י Amos 8:9; Imperfect יַחֲשִׁיךְ Psalm 139:12; יַחְשִׁךְ Jeremiah 13:16;וַיַּחְשִׁךְ Psalm 105:28; Participle מַחְשִׁיךְ Job 38:2; —

1 make dark, ׳יום לילה הח Amos 5:8; absolute cause darkness Jeremiah 13:16; Psalm 105:28, compare Amos 8:9 (לארץ).

2 = hide, conceal, followed by מִמֶּךָּ Psalm 139:12.

3 figurative obscure, confuse Job 38:2 (object עֵצָה).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָשַׁךְ fut. יֶחְשַׁךְ to be dark, to be darkened, to be surrounded with darkness. (Syr. ܚܫܶܟ id.), used of the light of the sun, Job 18:6; Isaiah 5:30, 13:10 of the earth, Exodus 10:15 of eyes becoming dim, Lamentations 5:17; Psalms 69:24 of men, Ecclesiastes 12:3.

Hiphil

(1) to darken, to make dark. Amos 5:8, יוֹם לַיְלָה הֶחֱשִׁיךְ “he makes the day dark (even unto) night;” followed by לְ 8:9. Metaphorically Job 38:2, מִי זֶה מַחְשִׁיךְ עֵצָה וגו׳ “who is this, who darkens (my) counsel with unwise words;” i.e. strives to hinder it.

(2) intrans. to be dark (properly to make darkness), Psalms 139:12; Jeremiah 13:16.

[Derivatives, חֲשׁוֹךְ and the following words.]

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הֶחְשִׁ֑יךְ החשיך וְהַחֲשַׁכְתִּ֥י וְחָשְׁכ֥וּ וְחָשְׁכָ֥ה וַיַּחְשִׁ֑ךְ וַתֶּחְשַׁ֣ךְ והחשכתי וחשכה וחשכו ויחשך ותחשך חָשְׁכ֥וּ חָשַׁ֖ךְ חָשַׁ֣ךְ חָשַׁ֤ךְ חָשַׂ֣ךְ חשך חשכו יֶחְשְׁכוּ֮ יַחְשִׁ֔ךְ יַחְשִׁ֪יךְ יחשיך יחשך יחשכו מַחְשִׁ֖יךְ מחשיך תֶּחְשַׁ֣כְנָה תֶחְשַׁ֤ךְ תחשך תחשכנה chaSach chaShach chasheChu ḥā·śaḵ ḥā·šaḵ ḥā·šə·ḵū ḥāśaḵ ḥāšaḵ ḥāšəḵū hechShich heḥ·šîḵ heḥšîḵ machShich maḥ·šîḵ maḥšîḵ techShach techShachnah ṯeḥ·šaḵ teḥ·šaḵ·nāh ṯeḥšaḵ teḥšaḵnāh vaiyachShich vattechShach vechasheChah vechasheChu vehachashachTi wat·teḥ·šaḵ watteḥšaḵ way·yaḥ·šiḵ wayyaḥšiḵ wə·ha·ḥă·šaḵ·tî wə·ḥā·šə·ḵāh wə·ḥā·šə·ḵū wəhaḥăšaḵtî wəḥāšəḵāh wəḥāšəḵū yachShich yaḥ·šiḵ yaḥ·šîḵ yaḥšiḵ yaḥšîḵ yechsheChu yeḥ·šə·ḵū yeḥšəḵū
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