corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #354 - אַיָּל

Word Origin
an intensive form of (0352) (in the sense of ram)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) stag, deer, hart

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (11) HCS (11)
Deuteronomy 4
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 3
Isaiah 1
Lamentations 1
Deuteronomy 4
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 3
Isaiah 1
Lamentations 1
Deuteronomy 4
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 3
Isaiah 1
Lamentations 1
n-cbs 6
n-cmp 4
n-cbs 6
n-cmp 4
n-cbs 6
n-cmp 4

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1012) la (אל AL) AC: Yoke CO: Ox AB: Strength: The pictograph a is a picture of an ox head and also represents its strength. The l is a picture of a shepherd staff and also represents the authority of the shepherd. Combined these two pictographs mean "the strong authority" and can be anyone or thing of strong authority. The yoke is understood as a "staff on the shoulders" (see Isaiah 9:4) in order to harness their power for pulling loads such as a wagon or plow. Hence, the two pictographs can also represent "the ox in the yoke". Often two oxen were yoked together. An older, more experienced ox would be teamed up (yoked) with a younger, less experienced ox. The older ox in the yoke is the "strong authority" who, through the yoke, teaches the younger ox. (eng: all; elk; elephant)

A) la (אל AL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Oath: The power of the oxs muscles to perform work.

Nm) la (אל AL) - Power: One who holds authority over others such as judges, chiefs and gods. In the sense of being yoked to one another. KJV (245): God, god, power, mighty, goodly, great, idols, strong, unto, with, against, at, into, in, before, to, of, upon, by, toward, hath, for, on, beside, from, where, after, within - Strongs: H410 (אֵל)

Nf1) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Oath:A binding agreement including the curse for violating the oath. II. Oak:The strongest of the woods. KJV (50): oak, elm, teil tree, curse, oath, execration, swearing - Strongs: H423 (אָלָה), H424 (אֵלָה), H427 (אַלָּה)

bf1) eila (אליה ALYH) - Fat-tail: The fat part of a sheeps rump considered an Eastern delicacy. KJV (5): rump - Strongs: H451 (אַלְיָה)

if1) elat (תאלה TALH) - Curse: KJV (1): curse - Strongs: H8381 (תַּאֲלָה)

jm) nfla (אלונ ALWN) - Oak: The strongest of the woods. KJV (17): plain, oak - Strongs: H436 (אֵלוֹן), H437 (אַלּוֹן)

H) ela (אלה ALH) AC: Swear CO: Yoke AB: ?: The yoking together of two parties. A treaty or covenant binds two parties together through an oath (yoke) . The oath included blessings for abiding by the covenant and curses for breaking the covenant (see de28) . The God of the Hebrews was seen as the older ox that is yoked to his people in a covenant relationship.

V) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Sw (vf: Paal, Hiphil) |kjv: swear, curse, adjure, lament - Strongs: H421 (אָלָה), H422 (אָלָה)

Nm ) ela (אלה ALH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Aramaic only] KJV (95): god - Strongs: H426 (אֱלָהּ)

cm) efla (אלוה ALWH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hla] KJV (2663): God, god, heathen deity - Strongs: H430 (אֱלֹהִים), H433 (אֱלֹהַּ)

J) lfa (אול AWL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Strength: The strength of the ox.

Nm) lfa (אול AWL) - Strength: KJV (2): mighty, strength - Strongs: H193 (אוּל)

L) lai (יאל YAL) AC: ? CO: Yoke AB: ?: The placing of the yoke upon the shoulders to perform a task.

V) lai (יאל YAL) - Yoke: The placing of a yoke on the shoulders to perform work or undertake a task. KJV (19): (vf: Hiphil) content, please, would, taken upon me, began, assayed, willingly - Strongs: H2974 (יָאַל)

M) lia (איל AYL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Strength: Anyone or anything that functions as the "strong authority" is seen as the older ox. Such as a ram or stag deer (the strong leader of the flock or heard) , chief (strong leader of the tribe) , pillar (as the strong support of a building) , oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) .

Nm) lia (איל AYL) - Strong One: Anyone or thing that functions with strength like an ox. This can be a ram or stag (as strong leaders) , chief, pillar (as the strong support of a building) , or oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) KJV (197): ram, post, mighty, tree, lintel, oak, strength, hart - Strongs: H352 (אַיִל), H353 (אֱיָל), H354 (אַיָּל)

Nf1) elia (אילה AYLH) - Strong One: The feminine form of anyone or thing that functions with strength. KJV (8): hind - Strongs: H355 (אַיָּלָה)

Nf3) tflia (אילות AYLWT) - Strength: KJV (1): strength - Strongs: H360 (אֱיָלוּת)

mm) nlia (אילנ AYLN) - Tree: [Aramaic only] KJV (6): tree - Strongs: H363 (אִילָן)

pm) mlia (אילמ AYLM) - Arch: The arch is the strongest architectural design for an entry through a building or wall. KJV (15): arch - Strongs: H361 (אֵלַמָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אַיָּל noun [masculine] ( feminine Psalm 42:2) hart, stag, deer (Aramaic id., , Arabic , Assyrian ailu Dl w, but dubious, see Hpt BAS i. 170; Ethiopic = leader ? compare אַיִל) Arabic = ibex (i. q. , ). — ׳א absolute Deuteronomy 12:15 6t.; plural אַיָּלִים Song of Solomon 2:9 3t.; — hart, stag, allowed as food Deuteronomy 12:15,22; Deuteronomy 15:22 (all "" צְבִי); Deuteronomy 14:5; ("" צְבִי, יַחְמוּר etc.); eaten in Solomon's household 1 Kings 5:3 ("" as Deuteronomy 14:5); simile of leaping Isaiah 35:6; id. ׳עֹפֶר הָא Song of Solomon 2:9,17; Song of Solomon 8:14 (all "" צְבִי); as in search of pasture, simile of princes of Judah Lamentations 1:6; as longing for water, simile of longing for ׳י Psalm 42:2.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אַיָּל m., a stag, hart, Deuteronomy 12:15, 14:5 Isaiah 35:6 pl. ־ִים Song of Solomon 2:9, 17. Always of the masc. gen., but in Psalms 42:2 joined with a f. in the manner of common nouns, it denotes a hind, which is elsewhere called by its own peculiar form אַיָּלָה, אַיֶּלֶת. Ch. and Syr. id.; Arab. إِيَّلُ wild goat, mountain goat, chamois; Eth. ኀየል፡, an orthography which confirms the relation of the roots אוּל and חוּל. As to the etymology, אַיָּל is as it were intensive of the word אַוִל, prop. therefore it denotes a great ram, אַיָּלָה a large she-goat. The Hebrews appear to have called several species of deer and gazelles, some of which have horns twisted like those of a ram, great rams, or wild rams, as in German they are called Bergziegen, wilde Ziegen, and in Latin they are called capreœ, from their likeness to a goat, capra. LXX. always ἔλαφος.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available
List of Word Forms
אַיָּ֥ל איל הָ֣אַיָּ֔ל הָֽאַיָּלִ֑ים הָֽאַיָּלִ֔ים הָאַיָּלִ֖ים האיל האילים וְכָאַיָּֽל׃ וכאיל׃ כְּאַיָּ֗ל כְּאַיָּלִים֙ כָּֽאַיָּל֙ כאיל כאילים מֵֽאַיָּ֤ל מאיל ’ay·yāl ’ayyāl aiYal hā’ayyāl hā’ayyālîm hā·’ay·yā·lîm hā·’ay·yāl haaiYal haaiyaLim kā’ayyāl kā·’ay·yāl kaaiYal kə’ayyāl kə’ayyālîm kə·’ay·yā·lîm kə·’ay·yāl keaiYal keaiyaLim mê’ayyāl mê·’ay·yāl meaiYal vechaaiYal wə·ḵā·’ay·yāl wəḵā’ayyāl
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, August 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology