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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #423 - אָלָה

Transliteration
'âlâh
Phonetics
aw-law'  
Word Origin
from (0422)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TWOT
91a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) oath

2) oath of covenant

3) curse

3a) from God

3b) from men

4) execration

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (36) NAS (32) HCS (33)
Genesis 2
Leviticus 1
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 6
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 5
Daniel 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 2
Leviticus 1
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 6
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 5
Daniel 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 3
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 6
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 5
Daniel 1
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-d 1
P-o 2
n-cfp 3
n-cfpc 1
n-cfs 22
P-d 1
P-o 2
n-cfp 3
n-cfpc 1
n-cfs 23
P-d 1
P-o 2
n-cfp 3
n-cfpc 1
n-cfs 23
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1012) la (אל AL) AC: Yoke CO: Ox AB: Strength: The pictograph a is a picture of an ox head and also represents its strength. The l is a picture of a shepherd staff and also represents the authority of the shepherd. Combined these two pictographs mean "the strong authority" and can be anyone or thing of strong authority. The yoke is understood as a "staff on the shoulders" (see Isaiah 9:4) in order to harness their power for pulling loads such as a wagon or plow. Hence, the two pictographs can also represent "the ox in the yoke". Often two oxen were yoked together. An older, more experienced ox would be teamed up (yoked) with a younger, less experienced ox. The older ox in the yoke is the "strong authority" who, through the yoke, teaches the younger ox. (eng: all; elk; elephant)

A) la (אל AL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Oath: The power of the oxs muscles to perform work.

Nm) la (אל AL) - Power: One who holds authority over others such as judges, chiefs and gods. In the sense of being yoked to one another. KJV (245): God, god, power, mighty, goodly, great, idols, strong, unto, with, against, at, into, in, before, to, of, upon, by, toward, hath, for, on, beside, from, where, after, within - Strongs: H410 (אֵל)

Nf1) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Oath:A binding agreement including the curse for violating the oath. II. Oak:The strongest of the woods. KJV (50): oak, elm, teil tree, curse, oath, execration, swearing - Strongs: H423 (אָלָה), H424 (אֵלָה), H427 (אַלָּה)

bf1) eila (אליה ALYH) - Fat-tail: The fat part of a sheeps rump considered an Eastern delicacy. KJV (5): rump - Strongs: H451 (אַלְיָה)

if1) elat (תאלה TALH) - Curse: KJV (1): curse - Strongs: H8381 (תַּאֲלָה)

jm) nfla (אלונ ALWN) - Oak: The strongest of the woods. KJV (17): plain, oak - Strongs: H436 (אֵלוֹן), H437 (אַלּוֹן)

H) ela (אלה ALH) AC: Swear CO: Yoke AB: ?: The yoking together of two parties. A treaty or covenant binds two parties together through an oath (yoke) . The oath included blessings for abiding by the covenant and curses for breaking the covenant (see de28) . The God of the Hebrews was seen as the older ox that is yoked to his people in a covenant relationship.

V) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Sw (vf: Paal, Hiphil) |kjv: swear, curse, adjure, lament - Strongs: H421 (אָלָה), H422 (אָלָה)

Nm ) ela (אלה ALH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Aramaic only] KJV (95): god - Strongs: H426 (אֱלָהּ)

cm) efla (אלוה ALWH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hla] KJV (2663): God, god, heathen deity - Strongs: H430 (אֱלֹהִים), H433 (אֱלֹהַּ)

J) lfa (אול AWL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Strength: The strength of the ox.

Nm) lfa (אול AWL) - Strength: KJV (2): mighty, strength - Strongs: H193 (אוּל)

L) lai (יאל YAL) AC: ? CO: Yoke AB: ?: The placing of the yoke upon the shoulders to perform a task.

V) lai (יאל YAL) - Yoke: The placing of a yoke on the shoulders to perform work or undertake a task. KJV (19): (vf: Hiphil) content, please, would, taken upon me, began, assayed, willingly - Strongs: H2974 (יָאַל)

M) lia (איל AYL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Strength: Anyone or anything that functions as the "strong authority" is seen as the older ox. Such as a ram or stag deer (the strong leader of the flock or heard) , chief (strong leader of the tribe) , pillar (as the strong support of a building) , oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) .

Nm) lia (איל AYL) - Strong One: Anyone or thing that functions with strength like an ox. This can be a ram or stag (as strong leaders) , chief, pillar (as the strong support of a building) , or oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) KJV (197): ram, post, mighty, tree, lintel, oak, strength, hart - Strongs: H352 (אַיִל), H353 (אֱיָל), H354 (אַיָּל)

Nf1) elia (אילה AYLH) - Strong One: The feminine form of anyone or thing that functions with strength. KJV (8): hind - Strongs: H355 (אַיָּלָה)

Nf3) tflia (אילות AYLWT) - Strength: KJV (1): strength - Strongs: H360 (אֱיָלוּת)

mm) nlia (אילנ AYLN) - Tree: [Aramaic only] KJV (6): tree - Strongs: H363 (אִילָן)

pm) mlia (אילמ AYLM) - Arch: The arch is the strongest architectural design for an entry through a building or wall. KJV (15): arch - Strongs: H361 (אֵלַמָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אָלָה noun feminine oath Genesis 26:28 +; suffix אָלָתִי, אָלָתוֺ Genesis 24:11 + (4t.); plural אָלוֺת Deuteronomy 29:20 + (4 t).

1 oath in testimony Leviticus 5:1; Numbers 5:21 (twice in verse) (P) Proverbs 29:23; באבאלה come into an oath Nehemiah 10:30; הביא באלה bring into an oath Ezekiel 17:13; נשׂא אלה 1 Kings 8:31 ( = 2 Chronicles 6:22).

2 oath of convenant Genesis 24:41 (twice in verse); Genesis 26:28 (J) Deuteronomy 29:11; Deuteronomy 29:13; בזה אלה despise an oath Ezekiel 16:59; Ezekiel 17:16,18,19.

3 curse (a) from God Numbers 5:23 (P) Deuteronomy 29:18; Deuteronomy 29:19; Deuteronomy 29:20; Deuteronomy 30:7; 2 Chronicles 34:24; Isaiah 24:6; Jeremiah 23:10; Daniel 9:11; Zechariah 5:3; ( b) from men Job 31:30; Psalm 10:7; Psalm 59:13.

4 execration in the phrase היה לאלה become an execration Numbers 5:27 (P) Jeremiah 29:18; Jeremiah 42:18; Jeremiah 44:12.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָלָה I. prop. to be round; hence to be thick, fat; cogn. root אוּל (comp. especially אוּל abdomen, belly, Psalms 73:4). Arab. أَلِىَ to have fleshy buttocks, to have a fat tail (as a ram). Hence אַלְיָה.

II. denom. from אֵל (see the note on אֵל ).

(1) to swear; Arab. أَلاَ for أَلَوَ Conj. IV. V. prop. to affirm by God, 1 Kings 8:31 [Hiphil].

(2) to curse, Judges 17:2; Hosea 4:2.

(3) to cry out, to lament (Germ. Gotterbarmen, Gott um Erbarmen anrufen), Joel 1:8.

(I should not oppose the idea of this root being onomatopoetic, comp. יָלַל, אָלַל, and the signification which I have put in the third place would then be primary.)

Hiphil, to cause any one to swear, to bind him by an oath, construed with acc., 1 Kings 8:31; 2 Chronicles 6:22; 1 Samuel 14:24. Fut. apoc. וַיֹּאֶל from יֹאלֶה for יַאֲלֶה 1 Sa. l. cit. Derivatives אָלָה and תַּאֲלָה.

אָלָה f. (with Kametz impure, from אָלָה No. II., for אָאלָה and that for אַלְאָה, אַלְוָה; Arab. أَلْوَةُ, see Lehrg. 509.

(1) an oath. בּוֹא בְּאָלָה to enter into an oath, i.e. to bind oneself by oath, Nehemiah 10:30 hence הֵבִיא בְּאָלָה to bind any one by an oath, Ezekiel 17:13. Compare Virg Æn. iv. 339, hœe in fœdera veni. אָלָתִי “an oath imposed on me,” Genesis 24:41.

(2) a covenant confirmed by an oath, Genesis 26:28; Deuteronomy 29:11, 13 Deuteronomy 29:13; Ezekiel 16:59.

(3) imprecation, curse, Numbers 5:21; Isaiah 24:6, שְׁבֻעַת־אָלָה an oath joined with imprecations; Numbers 5:21. הָיָה לְאָלָה to become a curse, Jeremiah 44:12. נָהַן לְאָלָה to make to be an execration, Jeremiah 42:18. Plur. אָלוֹת curses, Numbers 5:23; Deuteronomy 29:11.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אָ֣לָת֔וֹ אָֽלָתִי֙ אָל֣וֹת אָלָ֔ה אָלָ֖ה אָלָ֛ה אָלָ֤ה אָלָ֥ה אָלָה֙ אלה אלות אלתו אלתי בְּאָלָ֔ה בְּאָלָ֣ה באלה הָ֣אָלָ֔ה הָֽאָלָ֔ה הָֽאָלָ֜ה הָאָל֖וֹת הָאָלָ֖ה הָאָלָ֣ה הָאָלָה֒ הָאָלֹ֥ת הָאָלוֹת֙ האלה האלות האלת וּבְאָלָת֑וֹ וּמֵאָלָ֖ה ובאלתו ומאלה לְאָלָ֖ה לְאָלָ֣ה לְאָלָ֤ה לְאָלָ֥ה לְהַֽאֲלֹת֑וֹ לאלה להאלתו מֵאָ֣לָתִ֔י מֵאָלָתִֽי׃ מאלתי מאלתי׃ ’ā·lā·ṯî ’ā·lā·ṯōw ’ā·lāh ’ā·lō·wṯ ’ālāh ’ālāṯî ’ālāṯōw ’ālōwṯ aLah alaTi alaTo aLot bə’ālāh bə·’ā·lāh beaLah hā’ālāh hā’ālōṯ hā’ālōwṯ hā·’ā·lāh hā·’ā·lō·wṯ hā·’ā·lōṯ haaLah haaLot lə’ālāh lə·’ā·lāh lə·ha·’ă·lō·ṯōw leaLah ləha’ălōṯōw lehaaloTo mê’ālāṯî mê·’ā·lā·ṯî meAlaTi ū·ḇə·’ā·lā·ṯōw ū·mê·’ā·lāh ūḇə’ālāṯōw ūmê’ālāh umeaLah uvealaTo
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, August 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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