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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #424 - אֵלָה

Word Origin
from (0352)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) terebinth, terebinth tree

2) valley where David killed Goliath

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1186 ‑ δένδρον (den'‑dron);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (13) NAS (16) HCS (13)
Genesis 1
Judges 2
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Genesis 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Genesis 1
Judges 2
2 Samuel 4
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
n-cfs 13
n-cfs 13
n-cfs 13

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1012) la (אל AL) AC: Yoke CO: Ox AB: Strength: The pictograph a is a picture of an ox head and also represents its strength. The l is a picture of a shepherd staff and also represents the authority of the shepherd. Combined these two pictographs mean "the strong authority" and can be anyone or thing of strong authority. The yoke is understood as a "staff on the shoulders" (see Isaiah 9:4) in order to harness their power for pulling loads such as a wagon or plow. Hence, the two pictographs can also represent "the ox in the yoke". Often two oxen were yoked together. An older, more experienced ox would be teamed up (yoked) with a younger, less experienced ox. The older ox in the yoke is the "strong authority" who, through the yoke, teaches the younger ox. (eng: all; elk; elephant)

A) la (אל AL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Oath: The power of the oxs muscles to perform work.

Nm) la (אל AL) - Power: One who holds authority over others such as judges, chiefs and gods. In the sense of being yoked to one another. KJV (245): God, god, power, mighty, goodly, great, idols, strong, unto, with, against, at, into, in, before, to, of, upon, by, toward, hath, for, on, beside, from, where, after, within - Strongs: H410 (אֵל)

Nf1) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Oath:A binding agreement including the curse for violating the oath. II. Oak:The strongest of the woods. KJV (50): oak, elm, teil tree, curse, oath, execration, swearing - Strongs: H423 (אָלָה), H424 (אֵלָה), H427 (אַלָּה)

bf1) eila (אליה ALYH) - Fat-tail: The fat part of a sheeps rump considered an Eastern delicacy. KJV (5): rump - Strongs: H451 (אַלְיָה)

if1) elat (תאלה TALH) - Curse: KJV (1): curse - Strongs: H8381 (תַּאֲלָה)

jm) nfla (אלונ ALWN) - Oak: The strongest of the woods. KJV (17): plain, oak - Strongs: H436 (אֵלוֹן), H437 (אַלּוֹן)

H) ela (אלה ALH) AC: Swear CO: Yoke AB: ?: The yoking together of two parties. A treaty or covenant binds two parties together through an oath (yoke) . The oath included blessings for abiding by the covenant and curses for breaking the covenant (see de28) . The God of the Hebrews was seen as the older ox that is yoked to his people in a covenant relationship.

V) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Sw (vf: Paal, Hiphil) |kjv: swear, curse, adjure, lament - Strongs: H421 (אָלָה), H422 (אָלָה)

Nm ) ela (אלה ALH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Aramaic only] KJV (95): god - Strongs: H426 (אֱלָהּ)

cm) efla (אלוה ALWH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hla] KJV (2663): God, god, heathen deity - Strongs: H430 (אֱלֹהִים), H433 (אֱלֹהַּ)

J) lfa (אול AWL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Strength: The strength of the ox.

Nm) lfa (אול AWL) - Strength: KJV (2): mighty, strength - Strongs: H193 (אוּל)

L) lai (יאל YAL) AC: ? CO: Yoke AB: ?: The placing of the yoke upon the shoulders to perform a task.

V) lai (יאל YAL) - Yoke: The placing of a yoke on the shoulders to perform work or undertake a task. KJV (19): (vf: Hiphil) content, please, would, taken upon me, began, assayed, willingly - Strongs: H2974 (יָאַל)

M) lia (איל AYL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Strength: Anyone or anything that functions as the "strong authority" is seen as the older ox. Such as a ram or stag deer (the strong leader of the flock or heard) , chief (strong leader of the tribe) , pillar (as the strong support of a building) , oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) .

Nm) lia (איל AYL) - Strong One: Anyone or thing that functions with strength like an ox. This can be a ram or stag (as strong leaders) , chief, pillar (as the strong support of a building) , or oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) KJV (197): ram, post, mighty, tree, lintel, oak, strength, hart - Strongs: H352 (אַיִל), H353 (אֱיָל), H354 (אַיָּל)

Nf1) elia (אילה AYLH) - Strong One: The feminine form of anyone or thing that functions with strength. KJV (8): hind - Strongs: H355 (אַיָּלָה)

Nf3) tflia (אילות AYLWT) - Strength: KJV (1): strength - Strongs: H360 (אֱיָלוּת)

mm) nlia (אילנ AYLN) - Tree: [Aramaic only] KJV (6): tree - Strongs: H363 (אִילָן)

pm) mlia (אילמ AYLM) - Arch: The arch is the strongest architectural design for an entry through a building or wall. KJV (15): arch - Strongs: H361 (אֵלַמָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. אֵלָה noun feminine terebinth (= אֵילָה (?) see IV. איל > Sta Geschichte 455 who derives from אֵל = divine; but compare ib. on lack of clear distinction between אֵלָה, אֵלוֺן & אַלּוֺן) — Genesis 35:4 15t. + אֵילָה Genesis 49:21 (for ᵑ0אַיָּלָה see below) — terebinth = Pistacia terebinthus, Linn., a deciduous tree with pinnate leaves & red berries; occasional in Palestine; grows to great age; always of single tree; near Shechem Genesis 35:4 (E) compare אַלָּה Joshua 24:26 (E, read אֵלָה?), Ophrah Judges 6:11,19; in Jabesh 1 Chronicles 10:12; tree in which Absalom was caught 2 Samuel 18:9 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 18:10,14; see also 1 Kings 13:14; expressly of idol-shrine Hosea 4:13 ("" אַלּוֺן, לִבְנֶה) Ezekiel 6:13; as fading, withering, simile of Judah Isaiah 1:30; as hewn down, simile id. Isaiah 6:13 ("" אַלּוֺן); figurative of Naphtali אֵילָה שְׁלֻחָה Genesis 49:21 (ᵐ5 Ew Ol Di > ᵑ0אַיָּלָה hind q. v.) a slender terebinth, see Di & compare II. אֵלָה; in topographic designation ׳עֵמֶק הָא 1 Samuel 17:2,19; 1 Samuel 21:10 (see עֵמֶק).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אֵלָה f. i.q. אֵיל No. 2 (from the root אוּל), a strong hardy tree, specially the terebinth (Pistacia Terebinthus, Linn.), a tree common in Palestine, long-lived, and on that account often used in designating places (Genesis 35:4; Judges 6:11, 19 Judges 6:19). According to Pliny (xvi. 12), an evergreen; but this is contradicted by modern botanists. The ancient versions sometimes render it terebinth, sometimes oak (see the further remarks in Thes. page 50, 1); and the word appears, in a wider sense, to be used of any large tree, like the Gr. δρῦς. [The modern name of the terebinth is بطم butm, Robinson, iii. 15.]

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List of Word Forms
אֵלָ֣ה אלה בָּאֵלָֽה׃ בָאֵלָ֗ה באלה באלה׃ הָֽאֵלָה֙ הָאֵלָ֑ה הָאֵלָ֖ה הָאֵלָ֨ה הָאֵלָֽה׃ הָאֵלָה֙ האלה האלה׃ וְאֵלָ֖ה ואלה כְּאֵלָ֖ה כָּאֵלָ֣ה כאלה ’ê·lāh ’êlāh bā’êlāh ḇā’êlāh bā·’ê·lāh ḇā·’ê·lāh baeLah eLah hā’êlāh hā·’ê·lāh haeLah kā’êlāh kā·’ê·lāh kaeLah kə’êlāh kə·’ê·lāh keeLah vaeLah veeLah wə’êlāh wə·’ê·lāh
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