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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #520 - אַמָּה

Transliteration
'ammâh
Phonetics
am-maw'  
Word Origin
prolonged from (0517)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TWOT
115c
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) cubit — a measure of distance (the forearm), roughly 18 inches (.5 meters). There are several cubits used in the OT, the cubit of a man or common cubit (Deuteronomy 3:11), the legal cubit or cubit of the sanctuary (Ezekiel 40:5) plus others. See a Bible Dictionary for a complete treatment.

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3358 ‑ μέτρον (met'‑ron);  4083 ‑ πῆχυς (pay'‑khoos);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (245) NAS (233) HCS (234)
Genesis 3
Exodus 30
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 24
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 12
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 46
Zechariah 1
Genesis 3
Exodus 30
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 24
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 12
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 45
Zechariah 1
Genesis 5
Exodus 56
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 45
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 24
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 80
Zechariah 2
BYZ TIS TR
n-cfd 5
n-cfp 77
n-cfpc 1
n-cfs 135
n-cfsc 3
n-cfd 5
n-cfp 72
n-cfpc 1
n-cfs 132
n-cfsc 3
n-cfd 5
n-cfp 73
n-cfpc 1
n-cfs 132
n-cfsc 3
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1013) ma (אמ AM) AC: Bind CO: Glue AB: ?: The pictograph a represents strength. The m is water or any other liquid. Combined these pictographs mean "strong liquid". Glue was made by placing the hides and other animal parts of slaughtered animals in a pot of boiling water. As the hide boiled, a thick sticky substance formed at the surface of the water. This substance was removed and used as a binding agent. (eng: arm - with the addition of the r sound)

A) ma (אמ AM) AC: ? CO: Arm AB: ?: The arm that holds things together. The arm is seen as glue that encircles and holds together. A cubit was the length of the arm from elbow to fingertip. The mother of the family is the one who binds the family together by holding in her arms and by the work of her arms.

Nf) ma (אמ AM) - Mother: One whose arms hold the family together through her work and love. Also one who fulfills the role of a mother. KJV (220): mother, dam - Strongs: H517 (אֵם)

Nf1) ema (אמה AMH) - I. Cubit:A linear standard of measure equal to the length of the forearm. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Bondwoman:One who is bound to another. KJV (304): cubit, measure, post, handmaid, maidservant, maid, bondwoman, bondmaids - Strongs: H519 (אָמָה), H520 (אַמָּה), H521 (אַמָּה)

jm) nfma (אמונ AMWN) - Craftsman: An architect or artisan who uses the cubit for measuring. KJV (3): multitude, populace - Strongs: H527 (אָמוֹן)

J) mfa (אומ AWM) AC: Bind CO: Tribe AB: ?: A binding together.

Nf1) emfa (אומה AWMH) - Tribe: A family lineage bound together. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (11): people, nation - Strongs: H523 (אֻמָּה), H524 (אֻמָּה)

M) mia (אימ AYM) AC: ? CO: Glue AB: ?

Nm ) mia (אימ AYM) - If: A desire to bind two ideas together. KJV (43): if, not, or, when, whether, doubtless, while, neither, saving - Strongs: H518 (אִם)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. אַמָּה246 noun feminine ell, cubit (SI אמה; so Sabean DHM ZMG 1865,613; Aramaic , אַמָּא; Assyrian ammatu Nor280; Ethiopic etymology dubious; Thes and others mater brachii, i.e. length of fore-arm; others derive from √ אמם, precede, be in front, & hence fore-arm compare Di Isaiah 6:4; Dl Proverbs 109 MV derive immediately from √אמם be wide (see above), אַמָּה = distance, & hence a particular distance, ell, cubit) — ׳א absolute Genesis 6:15 +; construct אַמַּת Deuteronomy 3:11; Jeremiah 51:13; dual אַמָּתַיִם Exodus 25:10 +; plural אַמּוֺת Exodus 26:16 +; —

1 cubit, so אַמַּתאִֿישׁ i.e. ordinary cubit, Deuteronomy 3:11 (compare Isaiah 8:1); in Ezekiel 40:5; Ezekiel 43:13 is a cubit one hand-breadth longer, compare 2 Chronicles 3:3 בַּמִּחָה הָרִאשׁוֺנָה׳א; absolute length dubious, compare Smith Dict. Bib., article Weights and Measures; Lepsius Längenmaasse der Alten, SBAk 1883,1195f. identification with Egyptian, longer cubit. 525m., shorter .450m.; see also Id. Babylonian-Assyr. Längenmaasse 1877; MBAk 1877,741 Oppert GGA 1878,1055; Rev. d'Assyr. i. 124 (also on the Babylonian 'half-cubit' = .270m. Hpt AJPh 1888,419 Hom Semiten i. 501); on אַצִּילָה׳א Ezekiel 41:8 compare Sm & Co (Co strike out); חֲמֵשׁ אמות קָנִים Ezekiel 42:16 Kt, read מֵאוֺת so Qr Co; chiefly in Exodus 25-27. 36-38 (56t.) 1 Kings 6.. 7 (45t.) 2 Chronicles 3.4 (21t.) Ezekiel 40-43 (86t.); a (one) cubit = אַמָּה Genesis 6:16; Exodus 25:10,23 +; הָאַמָּה Ezekiel 43:14; אַחַת׳א Ezekiel 40:12 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 40:42 (3t. in verse); Ezekiel 42:4; Ezekiel 43:14; two cubits = אַמָּתַיִם Exodus 25:10,17,23; Exodus 30:2; Exodus 37:1,6,10,25; Numbers 11:31; שְׁתַּיִםאַמּוֺת Ezekiel 40:9; Ezekiel 41:3,22; Ezekiel 43:14; with Numbers 1-10 ׳א mostly follows number in plural Exodus 26:16; Exodus 27:1 (3t. in verse); 1 Kings 6:10; Ezekiel 40:5,7,9 +; with Numbers 11-1000 +, it mostly following number in singular Genesis 6:15 (3t. in verse); Exodus 27:12,13; Exodus 38:13,14,15; Numbers 35:4; Joshua 3:4; 1 Kings 6:2 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 6:3; 1 Kings 7:15 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 52:21,22; Ezekiel 40:49 (twice in verse) +; seldom following, in plural Ezekiel 40:11 (strike out Co) Ezekiel 40:27 (Co singular) Ezekiel 42:2; so also עֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ אַמּוֺת Ezekiel 40:13,29 but חָמֵשׁ וְעֶשְׂרִיםאַמָּה Ezekiel 40:25,30,33,36; (late) also in plural precedes all Numbers 2Chronicles 3:3 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 3:4,8 (twice in verse) +; 2 Chronicles 6:13; Ezekiel 42:2; also often בָּאַמָּה following all numbers Exodus 26:2 (twice in verse); Exodus 26:8 (twice in verse); Exodus 27:9,18; Exodus 36:9 (twice in verse); Exodus 36:15 (twice in verse); Exodus 36:21; Numbers 35:5 (4t. in verse); 1 Kings 6:6 (3t. in verse); 1 Kings 7:23 (3t. in verse); 2 Chronicles 4:2 (3t. in verse); Ezekiel 40:21; Ezekiel 47:3; Zechariah 5:2 (twice in verse) +, compare לְאַמּוֺת חָמֵשׁ 2 Chronicles 3:11; often וַחֲצִי׳א Exodus 25:10 (3t. in verse); Exodus 25:17 (twice in verse) +, also ׳וַחֲצִי הָא׳א Exodus 26:16; Exodus 36:21; 1 Kings 17:31; 1 Kings 17:32; 1 Kings 17:35 etc.; compare שֵׁשׁ אַמּוֺת וָזָרֶ֑ת 1 Samuel 17:4; followed by בַּמִּדָּה in measurement Joshua 3:4; 2 Chronicles 3:3.

2 measure, full measure, limit, only אַמַּת בִּצְעֵךְ the measure of thy gain-making Jeremiah 51:13 ("" קִצֵּךְ).

III. [אַמָּה] noun feminine (etymology & meaning dubious; Thes foundation (compare Talmud AW ), from אֵם in metaphorical sense, compare MV; De on Isaiah 6:4 derived similarly, but makes support of superliminaria (compare ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9); Ew Di derived from √ אמם = precede, whence front; Dl Proverbs 110 translates holder from √ אמם be wide, hence contain, hold) only אַמּוֺת הַסִּמִּים Isaiah 6:4.

[אַמָּה K§ 51,2, Anm. 2] noun feminine Daniel 3:1 cubit (= Biblical Hebrew id.; Egyptian Aramaic (plural) אמן RES246 S-C C44); — plural אַמִּין (so ᵑ7 Syriac) Daniel 3:1 (twice in verse); Ezra 6:3,8.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אַמָּה prop. i.q. אֵם, but always metaph. of the beginning, head, and foundation of a thing. Specially

(1) it is the mother of the arm, i.e. the fore-part of the arm; cubitus, ulna, the fore-arm, Deuteronomy 3:11. Hence

(2) The name of a measure, a cubit, an ell. Comp. the Lat. cubitus, ulna, also Germ. Elle, whence Ellenbogen, Gr. πῆχος and πυγῶν, Arab. ذِرَاعُ, Egypt. ⲙⲁⲥⲓ. The method of numbering cubits is this: אַמָּתַיִם “two cubits,” Exodus 25:10, 17 Exodus 25:17שָׁלשׁ אַמּוֹת 27:1, and so on as far as ten; in the later Hebrew אַמּוֹת שָׁלשׁ 2 Chronicles 6:13 with numbers higher than ten, in the more ancient Hebrew, thus, תֲמִשִּׁים אַמָּה Genesis 6:15 in the later, חֲמִשִׁים אַמּוֹת Ezekiel 42:2, or אַמּוֹת עֶשְׂרִים 2 Chronicles 3:4. Also to numerals of all kinds, and both in more ancient and later Hebrew it is joined by בְּ: אַרְבַּע בָּאַמָּה “four by cubit,” i.e. four cubits; מֵאָה בָאַמָּה “a hundred cubits,” Exodus 27:9, 18 Exodus 27:18, 36:15 38:9. The common Hebrew cubit was six palms, nor should the opinion be heeded which makes it only four; a larger cubit of seven palms ἑπταπάλαιστος, is mentioned Ezekiel 40:5, 43:13, comp. 2 Chronicles 3:3 [“this agrees with the royal cubit of the Babylonians (Herod i. 178) and Egyptians; see Bœckh, Metrol. Untersuch. p. 212, seq. 265, seq.” Ges. add.] and the remarks in Thes. p. 110, 113.-Metaph. Jeremiah 51:13, “thy end is come, the measure of thy rapine,” i.e. the time when God setteth bounds and measure to thy wicked gain.

(3) i.q. אֵם No. 6, metropolis, 2 Samuel 8:1, “and David took the bridle of the metropolis from the hand of the Philistines,” i.e. he subjected the metropolis of the Philistines to himself. Comp. the Arabian proverb “to give one’s bridle to any one,” i.e. to submit to his will. Schult. on Job 30:11, and Har. Cons. iv., p. 24. See Geschichte der Hebr. Sprache, p. 41.

(4) foundation. Isaiah 6:4, אַמֹּות הַסִּפִּים “the foundations of the threshold.” Comp. أُمَّاتُ, أُمَّهَاتُ, roots, beginning.

(5) [Ammah], pr.n. of a hill, 2 Samuel 2:24.

אַמָּה pl. אַמָּין f. Ch. a cubit, Daniel 3:1; Ezra 6:3 Syr. ܐܰܡܳܐ, ܐܰܡܬܐܳ, pl. ܐܰܡܝܺܢ.

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List of Word Forms
אַמַּ֥ת אַמָּ֑ה אַמָּ֔ה אַמָּ֖ה אַמָּ֗ה אַמָּ֛ה אַמָּ֜ה אַמָּ֣ה אַמָּ֤ה אַמָּ֥ה אַמָּ֨ה אַמָּֽה׃ אַמָּה֒ אַמָּה֙ אַמָּתַ֤יִם אַמָּתַ֨יִם אַמֹּ֖ת אַמּ֑וֹת אַמּ֔וֹת אַמּ֕וֹת אַמּ֖וֹת אַמּ֗וֹת אַמּ֛וֹת אַמּ֜וֹת אַמּ֞וֹת אַמּ֣וֹת אַמּ֤וֹת אַמּ֥וֹת אַמּ֨וֹת אַמֹּות֒ אַמּֽוֹת־ אַמּֽוֹת׃ אַמּוֹת֒ אַמּוֹת֙ אמה אמה׃ אמות אמות־ אמות׃ אמת אמתים בְּאַמַּת־ בָּ֠אַמָּה בָּֽ֠אַמָּה בָּֽאַמָּ֑ה בָּֽאַמָּ֔ה בָּֽאַמָּ֗ה בָּֽאַמָּ֟ה בָּֽאַמָּה֙ בָּֽאַמּ֔וֹת בָּאַמָּ֔ה בָּאַמָּ֖ה בָּאַמָּ֗ה בָּאַמָּ֛ה בָּאַמָּ֜ה בָּאַמָּ֣ה בָּאַמָּֽה׃ בָֽאַמָּ֔ה בָֽאַמָּ֜ה בָֽאַמָּה֙ באמה באמה׃ באמות באמת־ הָֽאַמָּ֑ה הָֽאַמָּ֔ה הָאַמָּ֗ה הָאַמָּ֛ה הָאַמָּ֜ה הָאַמָּֽה׃ האמה האמה׃ וְאַמָּ֣ה וְאַמָּ֤ה וְאַמָּ֥ה וְאַמָּ֨ה וְאַמָּה֙ וְאַמָּה־ וְאַמָּתַ֖יִם וְאַמָּתַ֙יִם֙ וְאַמּ֥וֹת וְהָאַמָּ֤ה וְהָאַמָּ֨ה וּכְאַמָּתַ֖יִם ואמה ואמה־ ואמות ואמתים והאמה וכאמתים לְאַמּ֣וֹת לאמות מֵאֹ֥ות מאות ’am·mā·ṯa·yim ’am·māh ’am·maṯ ’am·mō·wṯ ’am·mō·wṯ- ’am·mōṯ ’ammāh ’ammaṯ ’ammāṯayim ’ammōṯ ’ammōwṯ ’ammōwṯ- amMah amMat ammaTayim amMot bā’ammāh ḇā’ammāh bā’ammōwṯ bā·’am·māh ḇā·’am·māh bā·’am·mō·wṯ baamMah baamMot bə’ammaṯ- bə·’am·maṯ- beammat hā’ammāh hā·’am·māh haamMah lə’ammōwṯ lə·’am·mō·wṯ leamMot mê’ōwṯ mê·’ō·wṯ meot ū·ḵə·’am·mā·ṯa·yim ucheammaTayim ūḵə’ammāṯayim vaamMah veamMah veammaTayim veamMot vehaamMah wə’ammāh wə’ammāh- wə’ammāṯayim wə’ammōwṯ wə·’am·mā·ṯa·yim wə·’am·māh wə·’am·māh- wə·’am·mō·wṯ wə·hā·’am·māh wəhā’ammāh
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