Recommended!
If you haven't seen it already, I would recommend "The Chosen"! The first episode of Season 2 can be viewed by clicking here!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4083 - πῆχυς

Transliteration
pēchys
Phonetics
pay'-khoos
Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. a cubit
  2. a measure of length equal to distance from the joint of the elbow to the tip of the middle finger (i.e. about 18 inches, (.5 m) but its precise length varied and is disputed)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 520 ‑ אַמָּה (am‑maw');  3027 ‑ יָד (yawd);  3709 ‑ כַּף (kaf);  7070 ‑ קָנֶה (kaw‑neh');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (4)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
John
1
Revelation
1
NAS (4)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
John
1
Revelation
1
HCS (4)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
John
1
Revelation
1
BSB (4)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
John
1
Revelation
1
ESV (4)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
John
1
Revelation
1
WEB (4)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
John
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πῆχυς

( Aeol. πᾶχυς Alc. 33 ), , gen. πήχεος Hp. Fract. 2, al., Hdt. 1.178, Pl. Alc. 1.126d, Arist. Mir. 813a10, LXX Exodus 25:9, al., Plb. 10.44.2, Ph. Bel. 73.42, πήχεως Arist. HA 606a14 ( v.l. - εος ), PCair.Zen. 484.10 (iii B.C.), πήχως (condemned by Phryn. 222) corrected to πήχεος PCair.Zen. 665.1 (iii B. C.): gen. pl. πήχεων IG 12.314.39, 22.1673.15, PCair.Zen. 353.10 (iii B. C.); later contr. πηχῶν X. An. 4.7.16 codd., Arist. Pol. 1302b37, PCair.Zen. 54.4 (iii B. C.), PStrassb. 85.20 (ii B. C.), Phld. Sign. 2, Phryn. 222, Moer.p.327 P.: forearm, from wrist to elbow, Hp. Fract. 2, 3, al., Poll. 2.140; opp. βραχίων, Pl. Ti. 75a, X. Eq. 12.5: in Poets, generally, arm, ἀμφὶ δ' ἑὸν φίλον υίὸν ἐχεύατο πήχεε λευκώ Il. 5.314, cf. Od. 17.38, 23.240; λευκὸν ἀντείνασα π . B. Fr. 13.4, cf. E. Or. 1466 (lyr.); λαιὸν ἔπαιρε π . Id. Heracl. 728 .

2. Anat., ulna, Ruf. Onom. 80, Gal. UP 2.2, Sor. Fract. 20 .

II centrepiece, which joined the two horns of the bow, τόν ῥ' [ὀϊστὸν] ἐπὶ πήχει ἑλὼν ἕλκεν νευρήν Od. 21.419; ὁ δὲ τόξου πῆχυν ἄνελκε Il. 11.375, 13.583 .

III in pl., horns of the lyre, opp. ζυγόν (the bridge), Hdt. 4.192; πήχεις ἐναρμόσας καὶ ζυγώσας Luc. DDeor. 7.4 .

2. also, = ζυγόν, crosspiece or bridge in which the horns were fitted, Artemo Hist. 12 . in the balance, beam, IG 22.1013.32, Theol.Ar. 29.

as a measure of length, distance from the point of the elbow to that of the middle finger, = 6 παλασταί = 24 δάκτυλοι, Poll. 2.158; π. μέτριος Hdt. 1.178; π. ἰδιωτικός, κοινός, Sch. Luc. Cat. 16; but π. βασιλήϊος, = 27 δάκτυλοι, Hdt. 1.178, 7.117; ὁ Αἰγύπτιος π. τυγχάνει ἴσος ἐὼν τῷ Σαμίῳ Id. 2.168, cf. Luc. l. c.; for later measurements, Hero Deff. 131, Geom. 4.2,al.

2. cubit-rule, as we say 'foot-rule', Ar. Ra. 799, Gal. 1.47; π. ἀκαμπής AP 6.204 ( Leon. ); as epith. of Nemesis, APl. 4.223, 224.

3. metaph. of any small amount (cf. πήχυιος ), Ev.Matthew 6:27; κατὰ πῆχυν little by little, Marin. Procl. 26. πήχεις, οἱ, the cubits (of inundation), represented in pictures as children one cubit high playing round the Nile, Luc. Rh.Proverbs 6:1-35, Philostr. Im. 1.5 . (Cf. Skt. bâhú -, Avest. bâzu - (masc.) 'arm', ONorse bógr 'shoulder'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πῆχυς , -εως

gen. pl., -ῶν (for Att.. -εων , v. WH, App., 157; Thackeray, Gr., 151; Deiss., BS, 153),

[in LXX chiefly and freq. for H520;]

1. the forearm (Hom.).

2. As a measure of length, a cubit: Matthew 6:27, Luke 12:25, John 21:8, Revelation 21:17.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";much,"; plur. ";many"; : P Petr I. 29.2 (iii/B.C.) χάρις τοῖς θεοῖς πολλὴ εἰ ὑγιαίνεις, ";much thanks to the gods if you are well,"; P Ryl II. 243.5 (ii/A.D.) τοῦτο οὐ μόνον ἡμεῖν γενάμενον ἀλλὰ καὶ πολλοῖς, ";this has happened not to us only but to many"; (Edd.), and ib. 238.4 (A.D. 262) διὰ πολλὰς χρείας, ";for various needs"; (Edd.). The word is very common in epistolary greetings (πολλὰ χαίρειν : exx. from B.C. 118 to iii/iv A.D. in Exler Epistolography p. 27 f.) and in rhetorical prefaces (Sirach proem.), and consequently, as Cadbury suggests (in Jackson and Lake Beginnings of Christianity Part I. Vol. ii. p. 492 f.), πολλοί must not be pressed to mean ";very many"; in such passages as Luke 1:1, Acts 24:3; Acts 24:10.

For the adverbial πολλά, which ";lies between πολύ and πολλάκις : it is ‘much’ with the idea of plurality and repetition introduced"; (Hort ad James 3:2), cf. P Heid 6.22 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 127) πολλὰ προσαγωρεύ (ω) πάντε (= α)ς τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς ἡμῶν ἐν κ (υρί), and the curious P Lond 1916.27 (c. A.D. 330–340) ἐπιδὴ τὰ πολλὰ πλεῖστα ἀργύρια χρεωστῖ, ";since he owes much, very much money"; (Bell). Deissmann (LAE, p. 317) supplies an interesting parallel to Romans 16:6 from a Roman woman’s praise of her husband in a sepulchral inscr. CIG IV. 9552.5 τείς (= ὅστις) μοι πολλὰ ἐκοπίασεν, ";who laboured much for me."; And in P Leid C rectoi. 11 (B.C. 161) (= UPZ i. p. 353) ταῦτα πάντα τὰ πολλὰ ἐννήα εἰσί, Wilcken understands τὰ πολλά adverbially—";dies alles ist meistens neu.";

Πολλοῦ, as gen. of price (Matthew 26:9) meets us in P Ryl II. 244.10 (iii/A.D.) τὰ δὲ σωμάτια πολλοῦ ἐστιν ἐνθά [δ ]ε, ";slaves are very dear here."; A good ex. of πολλῷ μᾶλλον (Luke 18:39) is afforded by P Par 26.47 (B.C. 162) (= UPZ i. p. 248, Selections p. 18) where the Serapeum Twins petition ἵνα, πᾶν τὸ ἑξῆς ἔχουσαι, πολλῶι μᾶλλον τὰ νομιζόμενα τῶι Σαράπει καὶ τῆι Ἴσει ἐπιτελῶμεν, ";that, when we have everything in order, we may be much better able to perform the usual ritual to Serapis and to Isis.";

Ὥρας πολλῆς γενομένης in Mark 6:35 can be paralleled from Dion. Hal. ii. 54 ἐμάχοντο ἄχρι πολλῆς ὥρας, ";to a late hour"; (see Swete ad Mk l.c.) And the pendent nom. of time in Mark 8:2 meets us in P Oxy XIV. 1764.4 (iii/A.D.) ἐπεὶ πολ [λ ]αὶ ἡμέραι προσκαρτεροῦμεν Φιλέᾳ, where there is no need to correct with the editors into πολ [λ ]ὰς ἡμέρας. The instrumental dat. πολλοῖς χρόνοις to denote duration of time is common, e.g. P Oxy I. 112.8 (iii/iv A.D.) ἐρρῶσθ [αί σε ] εὔχομαι [πο ]λλοῖς [χρόνοις, ";I Pray for your continued health"; (Edd.).

In the account of a legal process at Alexandria in the 2nd half of iv/A.D., published in Archiv i. p. 298 ff., we find ii. 9 ὃς. . οὐ μετ᾽ οὐ πολὺ ἥξει, ";qui pourra se présenter dans peu de temps"; (Ed.) : cf. BGU II. 614.14 (A.D. 216) μετ᾽ οὐ πολύ, ";not long after."; For ἐκ πολλοῦ χρόνου see P Strass I. 42.16 (A.D. 310), and for ἐπὶ πολύ, see PSI IV. 299.4 (iii/A.D.), where Ghedini (Lettere p. 87) translates ";a tal punto.";

The LXX πολλοστός in the sense of ";great,"; ";powerful"; (2 Kings 23:20 [MT 2 Samuel 23:20], Proverbs 5:19), is discussed by Thackeray Gr. i. p. 185.

See also s.vv. πλείων, πλεῖστος.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πήχει πηχεις πήχεις πηχεος πήχεος πηχεών πηχέων πήχεων πήχεως πήχους πηχυν πήχυν πῆχυν πήχυς πηχων πηχών πηχῶν pechon pechôn pēchōn pēchō̂n pechun pēchun pechyn pêchyn pēchyn pē̂chyn
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
πήρα
Next Entry
πιάζω