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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #637 - אַף

Transliteration
'aph
Phonetics
af  
Word Origin
a primitive particle
Parts of Speech
particle
TWOT
142
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) also, yea, though, so much the more

2) furthermore, indeed

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (17) NAS (120) HCS (107)
Genesis 2
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
1 Samuel 2
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 2
Psalms 1
Ezekiel 1
Genesis 5
Leviticus 7
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 7
Judges 1
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 3
Esther 1
Job 17
Psalms 22
Proverbs 10
Ecclesiastes 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 21
Ezekiel 3
Amos 1
Habakkuk 2
Genesis 5
Leviticus 7
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 7
Judges 1
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 3
Esther 1
Job 15
Psalms 17
Proverbs 9
Ecclesiastes 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 20
Ezekiel 3
Amos 1
Habakkuk 2
BYZ TIS TR
P-c 14
P-c 16
P-c 16
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1017) pa (אפ AP) AC: ? CO: Nose AB: Anger: The pictograph a represents strength. The p is a picture of the mouth and represents any type of hole. The nostrils (holes) are for breathing.

A) pa (אפ AP) AC: ? CO: Nose AB: ?: The nostrils of man flares when he breathes heavy in passion or anger.

Nm) pa (אפ AP) - I. Nose:The nose and nostrils when written in the plural form. II. Anger:The flaring of the nostrils in anger. III. Moreover:Greater in addition to something else in the sense of passion. [Aramaic only] KJV (297): anger, wrath, face, nostrils, nose, angry, before, also, even, yet, moreover, yea, with, low, therefore, much - Strongs: H637 (אַף), H638 (אַף), H639 (אַף)

H) epa (אפה APH) AC: Bake CO: Oven AB: ?: A heat for baking. The heat of anger.

V) epa (אפה APH) - Bake: The baking of something in an oven. KJV (25): (vf: Paal, Niphal) bake, baker - Strongs: H644 (אָפָה)

am) epam (מאפה MAPH) - Baked: What is baked. KJV (1): baken - Strongs: H3989 (מַאֲפֶה)

J) pfa (אופ AWP) AC: Bake CO: Hot AB: ?: The heat of passion. The heating of foods.

ism) nipfat (תאופינ TAWPYN) - Baked: Something baked. [df: Nypt]KJV (1): baken - Strongs: H8601 (תֻּפִינִים)

M) pia (איפ AYP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning;]

Nf1) epia (איפה AYPH) - Ephah: A standard of measure. KJV (40): ephah, measure - Strongs: H374 (אֶפָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. אַף conjunction denoting addition, especially of something greater, also, yea (so Phoenician, Aramaic , אַף, אוֺף; compare ).

1 very rare in plain prose (in which גַּם is more usual): Genesis 40:16* (*with pronoun, as rather often) I also in my dream, Numbers 16:14; Deuteronomy 2:11*; Deuteronomy 2:20* 2 Samuel 20:14 (see Dr) 2 Kings 2:14 * Esther 5:12; more frequently in poetry, especially as introducing emphatically a new thought Deuteronomy 33:3,20,28; 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 16:6; Psalm 16:7; Psalm 16:9; Psalm 18:49; Psalm 65:14 they shout for joy, yea, they sing! Psalm 68:9; Psalm 68:17; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 89:28 Psalm 1; Proverbs 22:19* Proverbs 23:28* +; or in more elevated prose style, Leviticus 26:16*; Leviticus 26:24*; Leviticus 26:28*; Leviticus 26:41*; and 25t. in the impassioned rhetoric of Isa2 ( Isaiah 40:24-48:15), e.g. Isaiah 40:24; Isaiah 41:10,26; Isaiah 42:13; Isaiah 43:7,19; Isaiah 46:11 yea, I have spoken, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed, I will also do it! Isaiah 48:12,15. Implying something surprising or unexpected, even, indeed Job 14:3; Job 15:4*. וְאַף and also Leviticus 26:39,40,42,44; Deuteronomy 15:17; Habakkuk 2:15; Psalm 68:19; 1 Chronicles 8:32* = 1 Chronicles 9:38* 2 Chronicles 12:5* Nehemiah 2:18; Nehemiah 13:15; and even Job 19:4 וְאַףאָֿמְנָם שָׁגִיתִי and even indeed (if) I have erred . . . With הֲ, הַאַף indeed . . .? really . . .? Genesis 18:13,23wilt thou indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked? Genesis 18:24; Amos 2:11; Job 34:17; Job 40:8. In contrast to a preceding thought (expressed or implied) but, nay ( imo) Psalm 44:10; Psalm 58:3; compare Judges 5:29*.

2 (Equally in prose and poetry) with reference to a preceding sentence, yea, à fortiori, the more so (= how much more! after an affirm. clause; = how much less! after a negative one): 2 Samuel 4:10f. when one told me, Saul is dead . . . I took hold of him and slew him . . . ׳אַף כִּיאֲֿנָשִׁים רְשָׁעִים הָרְגוּ וג à fortiori, how much more (should I do so when wicked men have slain a righteous person, etc.! Ezekiel 14:21 (Ew Hi) Ezekiel 15:5; Proverbs 21:27 (in all these passages כִּי = when) Job 4:19. So וְאַף 1 Samuel 23:3; 2 Kings 5:13 . . . וְאַף כִּיאָֿמַר אֵלֶיךָ and the more (= and how much rather), when he hath said to thee, etc. More commonly in this sense strengthened by כִּי (q. v.), see below

אַף כִּי

1 furthermore Ezekiel 23:40; Habakkuk 2:5 (Ges quin imo, quin etiam).

2 in a question, indeed (is it) that . . .? Genesis 3:1 אַף כִּיאָֿמַר אֱלֹהִים indeed, that God has said . . .? i.e. has God really said . . .? (compare הַאַף above).

3 with reference to a preceding sentence (which is often introduced by הֵן or הִנֵּה), yea, that . . .! i.e. how much more (or less) ! Proverbs 11:31 lo, the righteous is recompensed in the earth ַ™אֹף כִּי רָשָׁע וְחוֺטֵא 'tis indeed that (= how much more) the wicked and the sinner! Proverbs 15:11; Proverbs 17:7; Proverbs 19:7,10; Job 9:14; Job 15:16; Job 25:6; 1 Samuel 14:30; 1 Kings 8:27 (= 2 Chronicles 6:18) lo, the heavens . . . cannot contain thee אַ֕ף כִּי הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה 'tis indeed that this house (cannot do so), i.e. how much less this house! 2 Chronicles 32:15. So וְאַף כִּי Deuteronomy 31:27; 1 Samuel 21:6 (perhaps; but see RS Semitic i. 436 Dr Sm 293) 2 Samuel 16:11. (In Job 35:14 (Hi De) Nehemiah 9:18 אַף כִּי is simply = yea, when . . .)

אפד (existence & meaning dubious Thes MV and others identify with אָפַד gird on, but this denominative see below; Lag BN 178; Genesis 1890, p. 15 proposes , come as ambassador, as √ of אֵפוֺר).

אַף conjunction also (Biblical Hebrew אַף; Egyptian Aramaic, Palmyrene אף (S-C Pap. Lzb224); ᵑ7אַף, ᵑ7 J also אוֺף; Syriac ; — also, alwlays וְאַף Daniel 6:23; Ezra 5:10,14; Ezra 6:5.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אַף Ch. also, Daniel 6:23.

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List of Word Forms
אַ֕ף אַ֖ף אַ֗ף אַ֚ף אַ֛ף אַ֝֗ף אַ֞ף אַ֡ף אַ֣ף אַ֤ף אַ֤ף ׀ אַ֥ף אַ֭ף אַף־ אף אף־ הַ֭אַף הַאַ֣ף הַאַ֤ף הַאַ֥ף הַאַ֬ף האף וְ֠אַף וְאַ֕ף וְאַ֖ף וְאַ֗ף וְאַ֛ף וְאַ֣ף וְאַ֤ף וְאַ֥ף וְאַ֨ף וְאַף֙ וְאַף֩ וְאַף־ ואף ואף־ ’ap̄ ’ap̄- af ha’ap̄ ha·’ap̄ haAf veAf wə’ap̄ wə’ap̄- wə·’ap̄ wə·’ap̄-
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