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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7651 - שִׁבְעָה

Transliteration
sheba‛, shib‛âh
Phonetics
sheh'-bah, shib-aw'  
Word Origin
from (07650)
Parts of Speech
Noun
TWOT
2318
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) seven (cardinal number)

1a) as ordinal number

1b) in combination — 17, 700 etc

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (399) NAS (388) HCS (388)
Genesis 52
Exodus 19
Leviticus 42
Numbers 41
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 9
Judges 13
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 7
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 15
2 Kings 17
1 Chronicles 21
2 Chronicles 14
Ezra 12
Nehemiah 12
Esther 8
Job 5
Psalms 1
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 7
Ezekiel 16
Daniel 1
Micah 1
Zechariah 3
Genesis 50
Exodus 19
Leviticus 42
Numbers 42
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 9
Judges 13
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 7
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 15
2 Kings 17
1 Chronicles 21
2 Chronicles 14
Ezra 12
Nehemiah 12
Esther 8
Job 5
Psalms 1
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 7
Ezekiel 16
Micah 1
Zechariah 3
Genesis 61
Exodus 19
Leviticus 46
Numbers 46
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 15
Judges 13
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 7
2 Samuel 7
1 Kings 18
2 Kings 18
1 Chronicles 22
2 Chronicles 23
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 12
Esther 8
Job 6
Psalms 1
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 7
Ezekiel 19
Daniel 1
Micah 1
Zechariah 4
BYZ TIS TR
a-fs 124
a-fsc 61
a-ms 83
a-msc 101
n-p 1
a-fs 118
a-fsc 60
a-ms 84
a-msc 101
n-p 1
a-fs 118
a-fsc 60
a-ms 84
a-msc 102
n-cbs 1
n-cmpc 1
n-p 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2808) obs (סהבאה ShBAh) AC: Swear CO: Oath AB: ?: Literally to seven oneself. A common practice was to make seven declarations when making an oath. This declaration can be making the oath seven times or doing seven things to show the sincerity of the oath. (eng: seven, an exchange of the s and sh)

V) obs (סהבאה ShBAh) - Sw (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) |kjv: swear, charge, oath, straitly - Strongs: H7650 (שָׁבַע)

Nm/f ) obs (סהבאה ShBAh) - Seven: KJV (394): seven, seventh, seven times, sevenfold - Strongs: H7651 (שִׁבְעָה)

dm) ofbs (סהבואה ShBWAh) - Week: As seven days. KJV (20): week - Strongs: H7620 (שְׁבֻעָה)

df1) eofbs (סהבואהה ShBWAhH) - Oath: KJV (30): oath, curse - Strongs: H7621 (שְׁבוּעָה)

em) obis (סהיבאה ShYBAh) - Seven: [Only used in the plural form meaning seventy - miobis] KJV (91): seventy - Strongs: H7657 (שִׁבְעִים)

ef1 ) eobis (סהיבאהה ShYBAhH) - Seven: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): seven - Strongs: H7655 (שְׁבַע)

ef2) tobis (סהיבאהת ShYBAhT) - Sevenfold: [Always written in the plural form mitobis] KJV (7): sevenfold, seven times - Strongs: H7659 (שִׁבְעָתַיִם)

bfm ) ioibs (סהביאהי ShBYAhY) - Seventh: KJV (98): seventh, seven - Strongs: H7637 (שְׁבִעִי)

emf1) enobis (סהיבאהנה ShYBAhNH) - Seven: KJV (1): seven - Strongs: H7658 (שִׁבְעָנָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2018
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. שֶׁבַע, שִׁבְעָה394

noun masculine and feminine seven (Late Hebrew id., MI16 שבעת Assyrian sibi, sibittu (Dl Gr. § 65,6; s = שׁ), Arabic , , Sabean סבע Hom Chr 47,124, Ethiopic Phoenician (Punic) שבע Nabataean שבעשבעה, Palmyrene שבעאשבעה; Aramaic שְׁבַע, שִׁבְעָא, , ; on etymology compare Lag BN 37f.); — masculine (c. noun feminine) absolute שֶׁבַע Genesis 41:2 115t.; construct שְׁבַע Genesis 5:26 47t., especially P (15t.) and Chronicles (20t.), וּשֲׁבַע 1 Kings 14:21 feminine (c.

noun masculine) absolute שִׁבְעָה Genesis 4:24 100t.; constructשִׁבְעַת Genesis 7:10 120t.; suffix שְׁבַעְתָּם 2 Samuel 21:9 Qr (so Vrss and modern; see Dr; > Kt שִׁבְעָתַיִם; — seven:

1 without other number:

a.שֶׁבַע, before feminine plural noun Genesis 21:28 (J), Judges 16:13; Isaiah 4:1 80t., especially שָׁנִים׳שׁ Genesis 29:18 (E) + 32t. (but read שׁלוֺשׁ for שֶׁבַע 2 Samuel 24:13a, compare v b, c, also ᵐ5 and "" 1 Chronicles 21:12; so Th We Dr Bu HPS Now), מִּעָמִים׳שׁ Genesis 33:3 (J), Leviticus 4:6 (P) + 17t.; בָּאַמָּה רָחְבָּהּ׳שׁ 1 Kings 6:6; after noun Ezekiel 40:20,26; noun omitted Job 5:19; Proverbs 6:16, + (= ׳מְּעָמִים שׁ) Leviticus 26:18,21,24,28 (H), Psalm 119:64; Proverbs 24:16

b.שִׁבְעָה before masculine plural noun Numbers 23:1 (3t. in verse) (E) + 40t. + Job 42:19 (read ׳שׁ for שִׁבְעָ֫נָה Ges§ 97c and most); + (distributive) ׳וְשׁ׳שׁ Zechariah 4:2; after noun Genesis 7:4 (J), Exodus 25:37 (P) + 12t. (P Chronicles Daniel Proverbs); noun omitted 1 Samuel 2:5 9t., including ׳שׁ as ordinal, see below; but read שְׂבָכָה for שִׁבְעָה 1 Kings 7:17 (twice in verse) ᵐ5 Th Kmp Klo Benz Kit Bur; also ׳שׁ׳שׁ distributive = 7 each Genesis 7:2,3(J); as predicate Genesis 46:25 (P),

c. שִׁבְעַת, before plural noun Numbers 23:4 (E), Numbers 8:2 (P), Ezekiel 45:23 (twice in verse); Job 2:13 (twice in verse) + 97t., incl יָמִים׳שׁ Genesis 8:10 (J), + 88t. + Ezekiel 45:21 (read שִׁבְעַת for שְׁבֻעוֺת Vrss and modern),

d. = ordinal, שְׁנַת (הַ)שֶּׁבַע Deuteronomy 15:2; 2 Kings 12:2 3t., בְּשִׁבְעָה לַחֹדֶשׁ Ezekiel 30:20, compare Ezekiel 45:20; לְשִׁבְעַת הַיָּמִים Genesis 7:10 (J), 1 Chronicles 9:25

2 שְׁבַע עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה17 years Genesis 37:2 3t. + 1 Kings 14:21, also as ordinal ׳עֶשׂ׳בִּשְׁנַת שׁ 1 Kings 22:52, שָׁנָה׳עֶשׂ ׳בִּשְׁנַת שׁ 2 Kings 16:1.

b.שִׁבְעָה עָשָׂר (that is הַגּוֺרָל lot) 1 Chronicles 24:15; 1 Chronicles 25:24 (compare also, + other number, 1 Chronicles 7:11; Ezra 2:30; Nehemiah 7:42), + יוֺם 17th day Genesis 7:11; Genesis 8:4; unusual is שְׁקָלִים וַעֲשָׂרָה הַכֶּסֶף׳שׁ Jeremiah 32:9 7shekels and 10 the silver

3 שְׁבַע מֵאוֺת = 700 Judges 8:26 39t. (but Nehemiah 7:68 omitted by Masora Baer Gi q. v.).

4שִׁבְעָה אֶלֶף = 7000 1 Kings 20:30 2t.; שִׁבְעַת אֲלָפִים = id. 1 Kings 20:15+ 15t.; 57,000 Isaiah 7 50x 1000 Numbers 1:31; Numbers 2:8,31.

5׳שׁ + other number:

a. ׳שׁ follows 18t.: (1) singular noun after ׳שׁ Judges 8:14; also (= ordinal number) Ezekiel 29:17 2t., שְׁנַתשָׁנָה ׳שְׁלשִׁים וָשׁ 2 Kings 13:10, compare 2 Kings 15:1; (2) plural noun before other number Ezra 8:35; Nehemiah 7:1:[72]; Nehemiah 7:71; (3) singular noun construct precedes ׳בִּשְׁנַת עֶשְׂרִים וָשׁ 1 Kings 16:10,15 (ordinal); (4) noun after each number Genesis 23:1; Genesis 23:25 (both P), etc.

b.׳שׁ precedes 10t. (P and Esther): (1) noun singular after other number Genesis 8:14; Exodus 6:16,20 3t. Esther; (2) noun repeated Genesis 5:7; Genesis 11:21; Genesis 47:28, compare Genesis 5:25,31.

c.100017 Ezra 2:39 = Nehemiah 7:42׳שׁ often with sacred significance: Genesis 21:28 ff. (J), Exodus 37:23; Leviticus 4:6,17; Leviticus 8:11; Leviticus 14:27 + (P); as round number Genesis 4:24 (song in J), Genesis 29:18 ff; Genesis 31:23; Genesis 41:2 ff (all E), etc.; on bowing 7t. Genesis 33:3 (J; in great humility), compare Wkl TelAm. nos. 143,230, 246 Ne Mark ,11f.; all these probably originating with week of seven days; compare especially Kö Hast. DB NUMBER, 562f., 565.

שִׁבְעָ֫נָה Job 42:13 read שִׁבְעָה Ges§ 97c and most.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שִׁבְעָה m. constr. שְׁבַע f. שִׁבְעַת m. cardinal numeral, seven. (Syriac ܫܒܰܥ, Arabic, سَبْعُ, also, Sanscrit, sapta, Zend. hapta, Pers. هفت, Egypt. ⲉⲫⲑⲁⲝ, Gr., Lat., ἑπτά, septem, in all of which, the letter t appears, which does not appear in this word in the Phœnicio-Shemitic languages, or in the Germanic; see the Gothic, sibum, Engl. seven, Germ. fieben). The absolute form commonly precedes a noun, as שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים Genesis 5:7 שֶׁבַע פָּרוֹת 41:18 שִׁבְעָה פָּרִים Numbers 23:1, 29 Numbers 23:29 more rarely it follows it, especially in the later Hebrew, מַעֲלוֹת שֶׁבַע Ezekiel 40:22 אֵלִים שִׁבְעָה 2 Chronicles 13:9, 29:21. (Numbers 29:32.) If a noun precedes in the construct state, it expresses the Ordinal, as שְׁנַת שֶׁבַע seventh year, 2 Kings 12:1. The construct form always precedes the noun, but it is only found in certain phrases, as שִׁבְעַת יָמִים (ein Tagfiebend), Genesis 8:10, 12 31:23, and very often; and שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת seven hundred, Genesis 5:26. שִׁבְעָה שִׁבְעָה by sevens, 7:2. With suffix שְׁבַעְתָּם those seven, 2 Samuel 21:9. Seventeen is שִׁבְעָה עָשָׂר masc., and שֶׁבַע עֶשְׂרֶה f. Genesis 37:2; 1 Chronicles 7:11. Farther, a septenary number was used amongst the Hebrews

(1) as a smaller round number (as in modern languages ten [Eng. a dozen]), Genesis 29:18, 41:2, seqq., 1 Samuel 2:5; Isaiah 4:1; Ruth 4:15; Proverbs 26:25; Job 1:2, Job 1:3, 2:13. [This appears, in most of these instances, to be the exact number.]

(2) as a holy number, as amongst the Egyptians, Arabians, Persians; see Genesis 21:28; Exodus 37:23; Leviticus 4:6, 17, etc. Compare the observations on this subject by Fr. Gedicke, Verm. Schriften, p. 32-60; v. Hammer, Encyclopädische Uebersicht d. Wissenschaften des Orients, p. 322.

The form שֶׁבַע is also

(a) adv. seven times, Psalms 119:164; Proverbs 24:16; Leviticus 26:18, 21 Leviticus 26:21.

(b) pr.n. of a town of the Simeonites, Joshua 19:2.

(c) [Sheba] pr.n. masc.

(α) 1 Samuel 20:1.

(β) 1 Chronicles 5:13. On the other hand שִׁבְעָה [Shebah] is pr.n. of a well, Genesis 26:33.

Dual שִׁבְעָתַיִם seven-fold, Genesis 4:15, 24 Psalms 12:7; 2 Samuel 21:9 כתיב.

Plur שִׁבְעִים seventy (commonly for a round number), Genesis 50:3; Isaiah 23:15; Jeremiah 25:11 compare Kor. 9:81. שִׁבְעִים וְשִׁבְעָה seventy and seven-fold, Genesis 4:24.

Derivatives, שָׁבַע (שְׁבוּעָה), שָׁבוּעַ, שְׁבִיעִי; compare pr.n. אֱלִישֶׁבַע, בַּת־שֶׁבַע.

[“שִׁבְעָה Ch., seven, m., Daniel 4:13, 20, 22, 29 constr. שִׁבְעַת Ezra 7:4.”]

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List of Word Forms
בְּשִׁבְעָ֛ה בְּשִׁבְעָ֣ה בְּשִׁבְעָ֧ה בְּשִׁבְעָֽה־ בְּשִׁבְעָה־ בְּשֶׁ֖בַע בַּשְּׁבִיעִ֡י בע בשביעי בשבע בשבעה בשבעה־ הַשִּׁבְעָ֗ה הַשֶּׁבַע֮ השבע השבעה וְ֝שֶׁ֗בַע וְשִׁבְעַ֣ת וְשִׁבְעַ֤ת וְשִׁבְעַ֥ת וְשִׁבְעַ֨ת וְשִׁבְעָ֑ה וְשִׁבְעָ֔ה וְשִׁבְעָ֖ה וְשִׁבְעָ֣ה וְשִׁבְעָ֤ה וְשִׁבְעָ֥ה וְשִׁבְעָ֧ה וְשִׁבְעָ֨ה וְשִׁבְעָֽה׃ וְשִׁבְעָה֙ וְשֶׁ֣בַע וְשֶׁ֤בַע וָשֶׁ֔בַע וָשֶׁ֙בַע֙ וָשֶׁ֜בַע וּֽשֲׁבַ֨ע וּבְשִׁבְעָ֥ה וּבְשֶׁ֓בַע ׀ וּשְׁבַ֣ע וּשְׁבַ֤ע וּשְׁבַ֥ע וּשְׁבַ֨ע וּשְׁבַע־ ובשבע ובשבעה ושבע ושבע־ ושבעה ושבעה׃ ושבעת לְשִׁבְעַ֖ת לְשִׁבְעַ֣ת לְשִׁבְעַ֧ת לְשִׁבְעָ֖ה לְשִׁבְעָ֣ה לְשִׁבְעָ֤ה לְשִׁבְעָ֥ה לְשֶׁ֙בַע֙ לשבע לשבעה לשבעת מִ֝שִּׁבְעָ֗ה מִשִּׁבְעָ֖ה משבעה שְׁבַ֣ע שְׁבַ֤ע שְׁבַ֥ע שְׁבַֽע־ שְׁבַע־ שִֽׁבְעַ֨ת שִׁבְעַ֖ת שִׁבְעַ֞ת שִׁבְעַ֣ת שִׁבְעַ֤ת שִׁבְעַ֥ת שִׁבְעַ֨ת שִׁבְעַת֙ שִׁבְעַת־ שִׁבְעָ֑ה שִׁבְעָ֔ה שִׁבְעָ֖ה שִׁבְעָ֗ה שִׁבְעָ֛ה שִׁבְעָ֜ה שִׁבְעָ֣ה שִׁבְעָ֤ה שִׁבְעָ֥ה שִׁבְעָ֧ה שִׁבְעָ֨ה שִׁבְעָֽה־ שִׁבְעָֽה׃ שִׁבְעָה֙ שִׁבְעָה֩ שִׁבְעָה־ שֶֽׁבַע שֶֽׁבַע־ שֶׁ֕בַע שֶׁ֖בַע שֶׁ֙בַע֙ שֶׁ֚בַע שֶׁ֛בַע שֶׁ֣בַע שֶׁ֤בַע שֶׁ֥בַע שֶׁ֧בַע שֶׁ֨בַע שֶׁ֨בַע ׀ שְׁבַעְתָּ֖ם שבע שבע־ שבעה שבעה־ שבעה׃ שבעת שבעת־ שבעתם ḇa‘ baš·šə·ḇî·‘î bashsheviI baššəḇî‘î bə·še·ḇa‘ bə·šiḇ·‘āh bə·šiḇ·‘āh- bəšeḇa‘ beSheva beshivah bəšiḇ‘āh bəšiḇ‘āh- haš·še·ḇa‘ haš·šiḇ·‘āh hashsheVa hashshivAh haššeḇa‘ haššiḇ‘āh lə·še·ḇa‘ lə·šiḇ·‘āh lə·šiḇ·‘aṯ ləšeḇa‘ leSheva leshivAh leshivAt ləšiḇ‘āh ləšiḇ‘aṯ miš·šiḇ·‘āh mishshivAh miššiḇ‘āh še·ḇa‘ šə·ḇa‘ še·ḇa‘- šə·ḇa‘- šə·ḇa‘·tām šeḇa‘ šəḇa‘ šeḇa‘- šəḇa‘- šəḇa‘tām Sheva shevaTam shivAh shivAt šiḇ‘āh šiḇ‘āh- šiḇ‘aṯ šiḇ‘aṯ- šiḇ·‘āh šiḇ·‘āh- šiḇ·‘aṯ šiḇ·‘aṯ- ū·ḇə·še·ḇa‘ ū·ḇə·šiḇ·‘āh ū·šă·ḇa‘ ū·šə·ḇa‘ ū·šə·ḇa‘- ūḇəšeḇa‘ ūḇəšiḇ‘āh ūšăḇa‘ ūšəḇa‘ ūšəḇa‘- ushaVa usheVa uveSheva uveshivAh va vaSheva veSheva veshivAh veshivAt wā·še·ḇa‘ wāšeḇa‘ wə·še·ḇa‘ wə·šiḇ·‘āh wə·šiḇ·‘aṯ wəšeḇa‘ wəšiḇ‘āh wəšiḇ‘aṯ

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Friday, October 19th, 2018
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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